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Elizabeth lAndsey Davis 





of the 



Price SI.50 

Loyalty to Women and Justice to Children 



IN THE past twenty-two years much has been accompUshed by 
the Colored women of Ilhnois. Those who are closely connect- 
ed with or deeply interested in the Illinois Federation of Colored 
Women's Clubs, know of the struggle that has been made and the 
success that has been attained. 

Time, in its progress has, however, taken from the work many 
of the pioneers and has substituted those of a younger generation, 
who hke the general public, oftimes do not appreciate the fullness 
of organized effort. ReaUzing this and the fact that records of the 
Federation were frequently being lost, it was decided at the meet- 
ing held at Bloomington in 1918, to appoint a Historian to compile 
the records or rather, write a story of the work that has been done 
up to the present time. 

Because of the fact that I have had an unusual opportunity to 
be present at practically every meeting of the State Fecleration and 
have been active in club work since its conception among colored 
women, I was given the task of v.riting this story. 1 unfortunately, 
cannot lay claim to any especial literary ability, but have under- 
taken the work with a sincerity of interest that I trust will over- 
shadow any lack of fitness. 

The functions of this volume have to do with Club Women of 
prominence and character, who have accomplished deeds and are 
not surrounded with duties appealing to the imagination for ai^ 
preciation or condemnation. 

The women herein mentioned, may be justly proud of their r-; 
cord, splendid enthusiasm, lofty ideals, patriotism and other achieve- 
ments — the traditions of the Illinois Federation of Colored Wo 
men's Clubs. 

Space has prevented m^ giving credit to ail the loyal women, 
who have made the club movement hi Illinois a success, nor am 1 
able to extend my thanks and appreciation to the legion who have 
so heartily co-operated with me by furnishing data, advice and in 

My greatest desire in presenting this volume, is that those 
younger women among our ranks will find in it, information that 
will give them a greater appreciation of the work and usefullness of 
the "Pioneers" and that through this greater appreciation, they will 
be inspired to "Carry On". 


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When the Pubhc was informed that Mrs. Ehzabeth Lindsay 
Davis would edit a volume relating the story of the Club movement 
of her colored sister^ of Illinois, all looked with anxious eyes for its 
appearence, knowing that it would be difficult to find a worthier 

Mrs. Davis by association, training and experience is well fitted 
for such a task. Knowing her as I do, I confidently believe that 
she and her production will receive the respectful attention that 
they merit. Mrs. Davis is a product of Illinois, being the daughter 
of Thomas and Sophia Jane Lindsay, who were pioneers of Peoria, 
Illinois. She graduated from the Bureau County High School at 
Princeton, Illinois. As a child she was possessed of an unusual 
thirst for knowledge and the high standard of scholarship attained 
by her in school and college was an ocular demonstration of the 
fact that a Negro child shows no inferiority and that the inferiority 
that it seems to manifest in after years is due to its dwarfing and 
benumbing environment. She seems to have been born for service 
and with her talents highly cultivated, she felt that she should not 
hide her light under a bushel. 

After graduation, she immediately entered upon her chosen 
profession, that of school teaching, one of the noblest of the pro- 
fessions, for popular Education as James A. Garfield said, "is next to 
Freedom and Justice, without which freedom and justice cannot be 
permanently maintained." She taught in Keokuk, Iowa; Louisville, 
Kentucky; Quincy, Ilhnois; and New Albany, Indiana and has been 
a teacher, in a broader sense, ever since she left the school room. 

Her educational work has been in the Sabbath School, upon 
the lecture platform, in fraternal societies, in clubs of various kinds 
and in the field of pohtics. In these organizations she has been a pow- 
erful agency in moulding society and has helped all those with 
whom she has come in contact. Her aim has been to promote the 
welfare and advancement of not only her own people, but all the 

It has been my good fortune to have known her for a score and 
a half years and during this acquaintence I have frequently been in 
her presence. I have seen her in that home ornamented by her 
queenly bearing and time and time again I have sat under the sound 
of her voice as she has spoken upon subjects that have occupied 
pubhc attention and thought. I have been enlightened by her bril- 

liant thoughts and Kfted to higher plains of thought and action by 
her lofty sentiments. She is one of those choice spirits whom God 
has given to the world to bless society; a slave to principle, she calls 
no one her Master. 

Mrs. Davis has not lived to herself, but on the contrary, has 
identified herself with all the great movements calculated to ad- 
vance her racial group and benefit mankind. She was one of the 
pioneers in the organization of colored women's club throughout 
the country. When this movement was inauguarated it had in its 
ranks many exceptionally strong women, women that any race 
might feel proud of. Let me name a few of them; Mrs. Mary 
Church Terreh, Mrs. Blanche K. Bruce, Mrs. Josephine Silone 
Yates, Mrs. Ida B. Wells Barnett, Mrs. Lucy Thurman, Miss Eliza- 
beth C. Carter. Mrs. Booker T. Washington, Mrs. Mary B. Talberr, 
Miss Halhe Q. Brown, Mrs. Libbie C. Anthony, Mrs. Ida Joyce Jack- 
son, Mrs. Mamie E. Steward, Mrs. Wilhe Layton, Mrs. Frances E. 
W. Harper, Mrs. Emma Ransom, Mrs. Mary McCloud Bethume. 
Miss Cornelia Bowen and others. In this distinguished group IvJrs. 
Elizabeth Lindsay Davis occupied a conspicuous place, a peer with 
any of them in; her interest in and devotion, to a great cause; doing 
a work that shines out even amid the splendor of this brilliant 
galaxy of noble women. 

She was a charter member of the National Association of Col 
ored Women's Clubs, organized in Washington, D. C, in 1896 and 
served as its National Organizer from 1901 to 1906 and from 1912 
to 1916. While she is a National character, she is not without 
honor where she lives and is best known. Illinois is prolific with 
strong women, good women, women who have missions, and a will 
and desire to perform them. Mrs. Davis is in the front rank of wo- 
men who claim Chicago as their home. She is a member of the 
following organizations: Chicago League of Women Voters; Wo- 
men's City, Woman's Aid, Griles Charity, and the Phylhs Wheatley 
Clubs, the latter of which she has been president for twenty-four 
years. She was the i)romoter and founder of the Phyllis Wheatley 
Home for girls, was its first president and is a life member of the 
Board of Directors. Had she nothing to her credit and honor other 
than the promotion and establishment of this Home for girls, she 
would long live in the hearts of a grateful people. She is active in 
social affairs and is a member of St. Marks M. E. Church. Indeed, 
her whole life has been one of service. The highest tribute I can 
pay to her is that, she is a good woman; the sacrifices she has made, 
the work she has performed have not been in vain. They have 
awakened in her own life and in the lives of thousands of others an 
aroma that has sweetened society — an invisible inlluence that is ])o- 
tential for good. 

I am quite familiar with what my colored sisters of Illinois havo 
done in club work during the past twenty-two years; they have 
labored against tremendous odds; they have surmounted obstacles 
from which hearts less strong than theirs would have shrunk; they 
have plodded on with the patience of the 'man of Oz' for the goal 
and their efforts have been crowned with the success they so justly 
deserve. Many of their offices of Love are unpublished; many oi" 
their achievements unheralded, but they have labored on until they 
stand to day a living evidence of what it is possible for good women 
to accomplish. As a citizen of Illinois, indebted to my sisters for 
what they have done to make society better and the atmosphere I 
breathe purer, I am happy to know that the public is to be told the 
story of the club movement among the colored women of Illinois. 
Especially so as that story is to be toldi by such a worthy personage 
as Mrs. Elizabeth Lindsay Davis, who on account of the part she has 
played is able to relate it in every detail. 

Chicago, 111., July 17th, 1922 


Chapter One Origin 

Chapter Two Growth and Development 

Chapter Three Clubs and their Activities 

Chapter Four War Work 

Chapter Five Inter-Racial Co-operation 

Chapter Six Who's Who 

Chapter Seven Institutions 

Chapter Eight Looking Forward 



of the 



Chapter One 

IN THESE 20th Century days when the value of organization is acknow- 
ledged on every hand by all classes and conditions of Men and Women ; 
when nothing is attempted or accomplished save through organized 
effort, it almost seems superfulous to state how a few women of Illinois, 
belonging to a group very little understood and appreciated, caught the 
Vision of the progressive Future, of a broader and more enlightened scope 
of activities, and determined to get into the highway of the World's civili- 
zfition, to keep step and march in tune with others who were striving for 
higher ideals and a larger spirit of co-operation. 

The story of 22 years of struggle by these pioneer women to overcome 
untold obstacles and almost insurmountable difficulties, the blazing of the 
trail through the dark Wilderness of the then unexplored Club world, fills 
one with wonder. So great an impress have they made upon this great 
State that they have long since become a potent factor in all things worth 
while pertaining to the State and Nation. In order that those may 
be enlightened who are not familiar with the growth of the Club movement 
among Colored women, the following facts will not be amiss. 

In 1895 an obscure man in an obscure Missouri town sent a letter 
broad-cast over this country and England, reflecting upon the character 
and morals of our Women. So utterly false were the vile statement, that 
the women were aroused as never before and when Mrs. Josephine St. 
Pierre Ruffin, President of the New Era Club of Boston, called a meeting 
of protest in July 1895, the indignant women from North, South. East ar.d 
West flocked to the ' ' Classic Hub ' ', and in no uncertain terms vindicated 
the honor of the Race. The National Federation of Colored Women's 
Club was the result of that meeting, with Mrs. Booker T. Washington at its 
head. However, another National organization, the Women's Loyal 
Union, with Mrs. Cooke as President existed at Washington and the wo- 
men soon realized that two organizations so identically similar could not 
work harmoniously as separate units. Therefore the two organizations 

met at Washington, in July 1896, and each appointed a committee to ar- 
range for a consolidation, which was effected and, the National Asociation 
of C. W. C. came into existence with Mrs. Mary Church Terrell, of in- 
ternational fame, as President. This joint session was attended by some 
of the most notable women of the Race, among whom were Harriet Tubb- 
man, Francis E, W. Harper, poetess and writer, Victori;i E. Matthews, 
founder of the White Rose Mission in New York, Josephine S. Yates, 
teacher and writer, and others. Mrs. Ida B. Wellsi Barnett and Elizabeth 
Lindsay Davis were the delegates from Illinois. 

The first meeting of the new organization was held at Nashville, 
Tenn., in the Centennial year of 1897 and Mrs. Conniei Curl, President of 
the Civicj League and Mrs. Elizabeth L. Davis, President of the Phyllis 
Wheatley Club were elected as delegates from Chicago. 

These delegates assumed the responsibility of inviting the N. A. C. W. 
to hold its next biennial meeting in their city in 1899, and the invitation 
was accepted. The following named Clubs were at that time in existence : 

Ida B. Wells Club, Mrs. Ida B. Wells Barnett, President ; Phyllis 
Wheatley, Mrs. E. L. Davis, President ; Civic League, MJrs. Connie A. 
Curl, President; Progres,sive Circle of King's Daughters; Ideal Women's 
Club, Mrs. Kate Hall, President; G. 0. P. Elephant Club, Mrs. Susie 
rields; Julia Gaston Club. (Evanston, Illinois), Mrs. Klzzie Bills, Pres. 

These pioneer clubs, the "Magic Seven" as they were called, upon 

liearing the report of the delegates, decided to organize under the name 
of the "Women's Conference" with Mrs. Fannie Barrier Williams as 
President, for the sole purpose of entertaining the N. A. W. C. How 
loyally they worked and how well, has long since passed into history, a 
brilliant record of one of the best meetings the National has ever held. No 
city has ever excelled or equalled Chicago in its press comments which were 
compiled by Mrs. Milary Terrell, printed and sold to create a fund for the 
support of the first department of the N. A. C. W., a Kindergarten. 

Some of the members of the Women's Conference thought their mis- 
sion ended with thei Closing Program of the great meeting at Quinn Cha- 
pel, but the farsighted ones knew that the possibilities for the State work 
tlirough organized pffort were unlimited, and the Women's Conference be- 
came* a permanent organization under tlie name of the Illinois federation 
of Colored Women's Clubs with Mrs. Mary Jane Jackson, of Jacksonville, 
111., as President. 

As a result of this forsiglitness, and splendid co-operative effort, .i 
meeting was called at the Institutional dnuvh in October, 1899. 


Chapter Two 


IN THE early days of the Federation, when the women were groping 
for Wgjit and the cry of their hearts was "To Know, To Know," the 
topics most important to them were ; how the clnb movement conld 
be made to reach every woman in every part of the State and how kinder- 
gartens conld be fostered wherever needed. 

The kindergarten problem, first claimed the attention of the members. 
A resolution had been adopted at the first meeting of the Federation and 
each Club had pledged itself to contribute to the support of a worthy 
young woman, selected by the Federation, to take training in this work. 
Rapid progress was made and the Federation continued to foster the 
movement until the establishment of kindergartens in connection with 
public schools. 

The means of reaching the women of the State was a more difficult 
problem for solution and it was not until Mrs. Carrie Lee Hamilton, be- 
came President (1919-1920) that a satisfactory arrangement was com- 
pleted whereby the State was divided into three Distri<^t Federations. 
These were called the Northern (or Chicago), Central and Southern Dis- 
tricts. This arrangement has proven to be very helpful in developing 
community interests and has given women, who had no idea of what Club 
life really meant, a keener insight into the broadening influences of con- 
tact and mutual understanding. 

During this adolescent period of the Federation, many blunders were 
made. There were innumerable misunderstandings and many stumble;- 
over obstacles that presented themselves on that dark road through the wil- 
derness of the new movement. 

The first organizers had many laughable experiences over letters 
received from members in various parts of the State., who confused t!ie club 
idea with that of fraternal organizations and thought they must meet in 
upper rooms, behind closed doors and be admitted with a pass-word. But 
as the years went on, the work grew and women were guided out of their 
narow spheres into a bigger and more progressive atmosphere, learning that 
the world was not made for "me and my wife, my son John and his wife, us 
four and no more", but that they were living in an age where thc?e wiv" 
big things to be done for Humanity and the world. 


The evolution from the Church aid and literary society to organiza- 
tions covering every phase of religious, civic, educational, philanthropic 
and political life, for* community betterment, has been remarkable. 

Once colored women knew no other creeds except those of Baptist and 
Methodist. Now they are found in the ranks of Christian Science, New 
Thought, Theosophy, Bahaism and many others. In fact, women are the 
largest contributors to, and supporters of the magnificent churches, 
whose lofty spires point Heavenly, throughout the State. The sleek 
and comfortably housed pastors would be in a sorry plight, were it not 
for the loyal women members of their congregations. Yet no group of 
public officials were more antagonistic at the outset than the ministers, 
but they have long since been converted and now realize the value of or- 
ganized effort among women. Now doors fly open in friendly welcome 
everywhere and they glady come to confer with the women on every mat- 
ter of interest to the masses. 

Committees composed of women are found in the courts, looking after 
dependant and delinquent children, investigating criminal conditions 
and unjust discrimination. They believe in good government and worked 
hard to obtain, first partial and then full suffrage. That tliese worsen are 
an important factor in the political world is evidenced by the eagerness 
with which the wily politicians of all parties seeks to win favor with them. 
Realizing, however, their inexperience and determined not to be exploited, 
tliey have in their clubs throughout the State, instituted regulai' classes in 
Citizenship conducted by experts, that they may nitelligently think .nid 
act for themselves in selecting the best men or women to fill the high 
places in the Government. They are determined that no one x>arty can 
say that it owns colored women body and soul. 

The educational progress has ben marked each year by an increased 
number of graduates from High Schools, Colleges and Universities Under 
the administration of Mrs. A. L. Anderson, (1921-22) a Scholarship Fund 
was established to assist worthy students in securing an education. The 
business world is filled with these graduates, who are following their vo- 
cations with unbounded success. 

Phihuithropy is still a potent factor in most Clubs, hundreds of cases 
being handled annually, by the clubs themselves, and througli their affilia- 
tions with the social agencies in their communities. Among tlie many 
institutions throughout the State, receiving financial assistance are: Tlie 
Y. M. C. A., the Y. W. C. A., the Phyllis Wheatly Home, the Amanda 
Smith Or])hanage, the Old Folk's Home, the Provident Hospital and va- 
rious Day Nurseries in Chicago, and the Lincoln Home, Springfield, the 
Yates Memorial Hospital at Cairo, the Lillian Jamieson Home at Decatur, 
the Home for Dependent Children at Bloomington, the Woman's Aid Com- 
nuniity House at Peoria, and the Tro<!uois Home for girls at Evanston. 

The social side of life has by no means been neglected. No one who 
has ever attended one of the very pleasant musicals, receptions or other 
social functions of the State or Community, can fail to marvel at the won 
derful talent displayed, the 'exquisite taste shown or the courteous ease with 
which everything- is conducted. It is, indeed, a revelation when it is taken 
into consideration, that the majority of colored women belong in the hum- 
ble walks of life, so far as worldly goods are concerned ; that many of them 
are wage earners, supplementing their husbands small salaries in their am- 
bitious effort to give their children superior advantages ; that these women 
have been denied opportunities which women of the other groups have en- 
joyed ; that they have been the prey of human vultures, both white and 
black and yet have risen resplendant and triumphant, rejoicing in a pure 
noble Womanhood. 


Chapter Three 




The American Rose Art Club is one of the most active clubs in the 
State. Most of its members are young matrons and their weekly meetings 
are made especially interesting by an interchange of ideas on household 
economics and the artistic needlework they do, under the guidance of an 
expert instructor. 

During the administration of Mrs. Mildred Williams, a sum of money 
was raised to send a blind man to his home in England, but as he was a de- 
pendent,theBritish government refused to receive him. The club does a 
large amount of philanthropic work and contributes to the different insti- 
tutions of the city. An unique feature of their meetings is the serving be- 
fore commencing their business, thus assuring a prompt attendance. 



The Art and Study Club was organized October 18th, 1913, and 
through the kindness and providence of God has been successful both in a 
fiancial and social way. Tlie club motto is "To improve and Inspire" and 
they have been very successful in assisting four girls to obtain High 
School educations. Our women have developed a deeper and fuller homo 
life and fully realize that club life is essential to the highest type of wo- 
menhood, and that as women, they must stand united for God, ourselves 
and our race. It is with great' pleasure that we mentioned the following 
noble women who have sei^ved as presidents of tlio Art and Study Club, 
and are indispensible factors in not only the elevation of the club, but the 
community in which they live. Edith Tiffin Stewart, first President, 
Eva Bradley, Nora Brown, Hattie Britten, and Serena Holmes. A large 
amount of charity work has been accomplished by the club, visiting the 
sick, clothing the destitute, feeding the poor, and endeavoring to help 
solve the great questions of the day in both civic and social life. 



The Autumn Leaf Club, is the oldest Colored Women's Club in the 
State of Illinois. It was organized in June of 1890 by Madame Crumner 
Davis with a membership of 24 women. The Club has devoted its efforts 
towards assisting Allen Chapel A. M. E. Church, and has raised large 
sums of money for that -Hirpose. There are four Charter members remain- 
ing. They are Mrs. Mary Simms, Mrs. Ester McGruder, Mrs. Susan Allen 
and Madame Crumner Davis. 

Mrs. Emma Kidal. rresideni 
Mrs. Elda Walters, Secretary 



The Big Sister's Club was organized in 1913 with ten members. 
Among the women who figured prominently in its organization were Mrs. 
Lillian Jameson, Mrs. Lillian Buster, Mrs. Olive Clanton, M[rs. Caroline 
Kelley, and Miss Sylvia Lawrence. ' ' Lift as We Climb ' ' was adopted as 
their motto and green and white their colors. Charity and social uplift 
has been the object of the club and since its organization, many families 
have been aided with clothes, groceries and coal. In several instances 
house-rent has been paid. Homes have been secured for friendless chil- 
dren and several young girls have been rescured from the city jails and 
their fare paid to their homes. 

In 1918 the Club began buying a seven room house to be used as a 
home for dependent Colored women and children. The property is now 
paid for and the Club has a reserve fund of $300, besides furniture, dishes 
and clothes. The home has been incorporated and o])ened under the name 
of the "Lillian Jameson Home", in honor of Myh. Lillian Jameson. 

The past Presidents of the Club are : Mrs. Lilian Buster, Mrs. Ida- 
line Long and Mrs. Sylvia Lawrence. 

Mrs. Minnie Kelly-Carr, President 
Mrs. Mary E. Moore, Vice-President 
Hennie Story Ellis, Secretary 
Bertha Crockett, Treasurer 


The Club known as the Benevolent Workers of Clarion, was or- 
ganized in 1919 by Mrs. Anderson, State Organizer. "Lift as We 
Climb" was adopted as the Club motto and its members have worked 
hard to accomplish their objective. At present they are buying a piece 
of real estate on which is to be erected a Club Home. The President, 
Mrs. Ruth Griffitts, has proved of sterling worth in directing the activi- 
ties of the group over which she presides. 

A children's auxlliarj/, called "The Sunbeam Workers", has beeii 
organized and is growing rapidly. 

Miss Lizzy Hustler. Secretary. 

Mrs. Rutii E. Griffitts, President 



One of the most recent additions to tne Federation is the Communit\ 
Club organized M]ay 27, 1918 by Mrs. Carrie Lee Hamilton, with ]\Ir^<. 
Hattie E. English as President. The motto adopted, "We Live to 
Serve" has been faithfully lived up to, especially in rendering assistance 
to the needy poor of the connnunity. A juvenile auxiliary organized by 
Miss Daisey Renfroe, in 1919 is proving a great success. 


The Chicago Union Charity Club was organized April 10. 1910 witli 
Mrs. Ennna Chandler as President. Estal)lished as an auxiliary of the 
Old Folk's Home, its activities for the first few years were restricted, 
but as its mem,bership grew and increasing success attended their efforts, 
its scope was broadened to include general charitable work. Aside frora 
individual charity cases, many wortliy eauses or instutitions have been 
beneficiaries of the generosity of this organization. 

Among those to which larger contributions have been given may be 
Jientioncd; the Y. W. C. A., tlie Atlanta Fire and the Dayton flood sul" 
fers. the "Chicken" Joe Cam])bell Trial Fund, the Frederick Douglas 
Memorial Fund, tlie Old Folk's Home, the Amanda Smith and the Oak 
Forest Homes, and the Old Soldier's Widows Rest. (^oiii]-)any "A" of 
the 8*h rjegiment was adopiid (liii'iii"; tlie Mcridd o)' i!.e war and maii,\" 
a grateful hero will attest to the loyal s(M'viee I'enderc^d aud \ho devotion 
shown them. 



The many earnest and enthusiastic women club workers living m 
central Illinois, frequently unable to attend the annual meetings of the 
State Federation, hailed with delight, the recommendation to organize a 
convenient federation, where they could, although on a smaller scale, 
have all the advantages of the State meeting. The first meeting held at 
Wards A. M. E. Chapel in Peoria on March 22, 1918 was a great suc- 
cess and the well attended meetings at Maeomb, Canton and Gales- 
burg, coupled with the surprising increase in the activities of the local 
club women, ara sufficient evidence of the need that the district organiza- 
tion fills. The Presidents of the District have been : 

Mrs. Julia Lindsay Gibson, (1919-1920) Peoria, Mrs. Mildred Farral, 
1920-1922, Canton, Mrs. Victoria Thomas, 1922, Bloomington. 


In the Spring of 1906, Mrs. Cordelia West, one of the most active 
and faithful of our Pioneer workers conceived the idea and called to- 
gether for a conference at the Frederick Douglas Center, the Presidents and 
interested members of the local clubs, to discuss plans for co-operating in 
closer relationship along the various lines of work v/i'liin the scope of 
women's clubs. The organization of the Chicago City Federation, which 
in the space of a few years has grown from an enrollment of fifteen to 
over sixty clubs, was the result. In 1921 the City Federation was ii]- 
corporated under the name of the Chicago and Northern District of 
Colored Women '^ Clubs with a membership of over two thousand women. 
The Northern District Federation is affiliated with, ihe N. A. C. W , 
the North-Western Federation, the State Federation and the League of Wo- 
men Voters. It is pledged to the cause of philanthropy, education and the 
integrity of the home and has the support of the best people in every com- 
munity. The faith and hope of the organizer has long since been justi 
fied and the Federation has become one of the strong, constructive agencies 
in the city. 

Besides having assisted over three thousand individual charity cases, 
the Federation has divided large sums among the following listed institu- 
tions and causes: ^ 

The Amanda Smith Home. ^"^^^ 

The Phyllis Wheatley Home. ^ 

The Frederick Douglass Center. 

Chicago Peace and Protective Association. 

Equal Suffrage Association. 


Illinois League of Women Voters. 
AVoman's Legislative Congress. 
Woman's Eight Hour Bill. 
Tulsa Riot Suffers. 
The Bundy and other Defense Funds. 
The N. A. A. C. P. 
Ella Flagg Young Monument Fund. 
Picture for the 8th Reigment Armory. 

The Chicago Urban League. . ■ 

^- Old Folks Home. 

The Louise Juvenile Home. : 

The Provident Hospital. 

The Institutional and Quinn Chapel Churches, the Wahnetta, 
^ the Wendell Phillipsi and the Necessity Day Nurseries. 
On the basi^ of its past success, the Federation has planned and is 
looking forward to what will have been its greatest achievement, the pur- 
chasing of a commodious Woman's Club House, to be used for all pur- 
poses that such a building would imply. 



Organized January 23, 1902, in the neighborhood of Fifty-fourth and 
Wright streets, now Normal. Boulevard, with a membership of fifteen, the 
Cornell Charity Club has set a worthy precedent by rendering prompt as- 
sistance in all worthy cases of charity reported to tliem, without regard 
Race, Creed, Color or any other condition. 

They have aided in a liberal financial way, such institutions as ; tlie 
Old Folks Home, the Amanda Smith Oj'plianage, the Phyllis AVheatley 
Home, thei Provident Hospital, the Louise Juvenile I[o:ne, a Girl's School 
in Daytona, Florida and Ebenezer Clnirch in its work of feeding the un- 
employed. , 

This Club has been affiliated willi the State Federation since its in- 
ception and has shared a ])art of all tlie resjionsibilities assumed by the 
City, State and National Federations. This Club has been hojiorcd by hav- 
ing on its roll the following named City, National and State Officers: 

Mrs. Annie Peyton, (now deceased), Corresponding Secretary of the 
National; Mi-s. Tiieresa G. Macon, Past President of the State Federation, 
President of the City Federation and Past Third Recording Secretary of 
the National; Mrs. Ella G. Berry, Past Vice-President of the City Federa- 
tion, Pastj Chairnnni of the Ways and Means Conmiittee and Recording 

Secretary of the State Federation; :Mr.s. Elvie Stewart, Past Vice Cliair- 
luan of the Executive Board, Past Parliiueiitariaii, Past Correspoudiiig 
Secretary of State and City Federations ; Mrs. Genevieve Coleman, Past 
Correspondino' Secretary and Organizer in State; Mrs. Carrie Horton, 
Past Parliamentarian of State; Mrs. Minnie E. Roach, Past Recording 
Secretary of State; and Mrs. Marie Toles-Mitchell, (deceased) Past Trea- 
surer of the City Federation. 

Membership in the Club is limited to fifty-two. It has always m^i 
regularly, is doing splendid work and living up to its motto "Charity to 
All, Malice towards None." 

Founders — Mrs. Lizzie Bell, Mrs. Sarah Burton, Mrs. Hattie Hardy, 
Mrs. Alice Lyles, Mrs. Emma Kennedy, Mrs. Clara Cooper, Mrs. Nettie 
Jones, Mrs. Emma Stewart, Mrs. Helen Collins, Mrs. Alice Green, Mr's. 
Alice Augustus, Mrs. Susan Jackson, Mrs. Adelaide Brown. 



The Colored Woman's Club was organized in 1901 for the purpose of 
bringing thf: women of the community together ; to stimulate a greater in- 
terest in literature, philanthropy and social contact. The club has 
worked steadily through the years along these lines and has done much 
good. Miss Emma Smith, a successful business woman was its first 



The Colored Woman's Aid Club, was organized September 10, 1902 
by Mrs. Jennie M(cLain, State Organizer, witli Mrs. Aiinie Bass Robinson, 
President, Miss Florence Pamplin, Secretary and Mrs. Francis Newby as 
Treasurer. The Club joined the Federation in 1905. hi 1906 they bought 
a piece of property at the corner of Union and Cherry street, valued at 
$1700.00 where they have located their Club rooms and a Social Center for 
the young people. The Club is at the present time composed of thirty- 
six women, striving "To Lift as They Climb." 

]\Irs. Annie Bass Roibnson, Mrs. Arzelia Taylor, ^Mrs. Laura Lee, 
]Mrs. JMary Harding, Mrs. Kathryne B. Hardin, 



The Domestic Art Club, wa.s orfrauized December 18, 1915 by Mrs. 
Margaret Wyche with a membership of eighteen women, who had been im- 
pressed with the necessity of such an organization as a means of individual 
and community service. It has since growii to a membership of forty 
eight resolute and active women, working to the motto; "Loyalty to 
Women and Justice to Children." 

The Club came to a community of many earnest and capable women, 
who through, lack of organization, found it impossible to leach their high- 
est efficiency. It's coming has meant concerted aim and ^he end of dupli- 
cated effort. Although one of the infant clubs of its kind in the State, 
it stood the acid test of war time community service in such a satisfactory 
inanner as to endear itself to the community at large without respect to 
Race or Creed. In connection with this service, they maintained one of 
the most creditable booths at thi? Red Cross sale, held during the War in 
Bloomington. Such a potent factor has the Domestic Art Club become 
in civic affairs that no important move for the relief or betterment of con- 
ditions among the colored people of their City, was made during or has 
been made since the war, without representatives of the Club first beinar 



In order to develop a better understanding between parent, teacher 
and child, Mrs. Carrie Lee Hamilton worked to organize this club. For 
five years the work has been successful and many desired results have 
been obtained. Many educative lectures have been featured by the club. 
An oratorical contest among the students was held at one time. Three 
monthly magazines were placed on the reading table for a year, the pic- 
tures of the distinguished Presidents, the Frederick Douglass Home 
and the recognized certificate of the school were framed by this ambitious 
band. Tag Day has been a special feature and one hundred dollars was 
raised in this manner with which a comnnuiity Christmas tree was arrang- 
ed and clothing, shoes, candies and fruits were given worthy ones. Pay- 
ments on a victrola for the little ones were made. Mrs, Lessie Spann is 
the president. Miss Rose Lindsay, secretary and Mrs. Carrie lice Hamilton 
tT-easurer. Mrs. Inez Mosley is a past president and Mrs. Minnie Howard- 
Ta])()r is a i)ast secretary. The club is named for the honorable Frederick 
Douglass, ado])ting thq name of the school. 


The P]ast Side Woman's Club oi-oaiiized May 12, 1912 has been par- 
tiL'ularly active in charitable work. The small fi'roii]> of women composinj>- 
thisi Cliib have raised and expended over ${)()0.()0 since their org-anization. 
Among their beneficiaries are the Old Folks Home, which they have once 
cleaned and to which they make an annual donation and the Amanda 
Smith Home to which has been pledged $100.00. Under the guidance of 
Mrs. Elizabeth Crawley as President and Mrs. Florence Edmondson, 
Secretary, even greater work can be expected in the future. 



The Golden Seal Club was organized ]\Iay 6, 1918 by Mjrs. Carrie Lee 
Hamilton with ten members. In May 1919 the club entertained the 
Southern District meeting. Their motto is "Loyalty to Women and Jus- 
tice to Children" and their aim is '"'Lift as they Climb." 

They have secured an amusement park which will in the near future 
be fitted out with the necessary ecpiipment, pay rent for aged widows and 
give an annual Thankgiving dinner for the sick and needy. 

Mrs. Pearl Powell, President 
Mrs. Maud Lovings, Secretary. 


The Gaudeamus (meaning "Let Us Rejoice) Charity Club came in'o 
being on the evening of August 21, 1911 when a few earnest and zealous 
women met at the home of Mrs. Fannie Calloway and were organized into 
a club by Mrs. Ida Lewis, State Organizer and Mrs. E. L. Davis, State 
President of the Illinois State Federation. 

Mrs. Adelaide Brown gave the club its name and motto, "To Be 
Rather Than To Seem", and education, charity and child welfare were 
decided upon as the objects of the efforts of its members. There were only 
seven charter members, Mesdames E. Irene August, Fannie Calloway, 
Sadie L. Adams, Adelaide Brown, Clara Johnson, Rosa Nolly and Miss 
Louise Halacre, but the growth has been so rapid that it has been neces- 
sary -to set a limit of fifty. Space will not permit mention of the many in- 
dividual charity cases to which aid has been given, but among the larger 
contributions to worthy eaueses are : 

, ) niriccn 

Urban Leagno, $5.00 (yearly) ; Illinois Home and Aid Society, $5.00 
(yearly) ; Unemployed, l!)20-21) $15.00 and a large supply of clothing-; 
Phyllis Wheatley Home, $25.00 ; Dr. Leroy Bundy Fund, $25.00 ; Frederick 
Douglass Memorial Fund, $25.00; Y. W. C. A., (1921-22), $20.00, Oklaho- 
ma Riot Sufferers, $15.00 and clothing; Cairo Flood Sufferers, $5.00. 

Entrance fee, for placing an old woman in the Old Folk's Home, 
$200.00. Wounded Soldiers, $12.00 and clothing. 

During the war. Company "C" of the 8th Regiment waf^ adopted and 
everything possible was done for the cheer and comfort of "their boys". 
Nor have they been forgotten since their return, the members of the club 
having visited and taken refreshments and smokes to the disableed patients 
of the Drexel and Tubercular Hospital. 



The Hallie Q. Brown Charity Club was organized by Miss Hallie Q. 
Brown, Marchh 1908. Mrs. Ruth L. Bennett President, Mrs. Cordelia 
Holmes, Vice-President, Miss Minervia Bates Secretary, Miss Lucy Berk- 
ley Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Jessie Webb, Treasurer 

The club has done nnich toward the ujilift of humanity. It has spent 
several hundred dollars in providing for the poor and distressed. It is 
unceasing in its efforts to bring the best people of our Race to the city 
to deliver addresses so as to inspire our young people to rise to higher 
plains of usefulness and appreciate their own Race and re|ilize the fact 
that they belong to a Race of which they should be proud. 

Mrs. Lizzie Barnett, President 
Mrs. A. L. Anderson, Corr. Sec'y- 



Hallie Quiiiu Bi-own Clul) was organized in 1904 by Mrs. Ella. W(km1s 
anti Mrs. Clara Curd. As Hie iiuMnl)ersliip incivascd the name of "Social 
Seven" was cluuiged to tlie present one. The Club does purely philan- 
thropic work and has helped to furnish the church and parsonage. 



In the year of 1907, diirinp' tlie month of May, four ladies met and 
organized an embroidery cluh wliich they named the "American Beauty 
Rose". Later this name was change to the Imperial Art Club. The 
enrollment has always been between thirty and tliirty-five members, bnt 
over two hundred names have been on their books, including those of' some 
of the most prominent women of the city. Only two charter members 
remain, Mrs. Thressa Bean and Mrs. Elizabeth Crawley. 

The Imperial Art Club has always taken an active part in chari- 
table work and has been a regular contributor to the Old Folks Home. 
The members have tried not to forget their motto, "Not Ourselves, but 
Others." The present officers are: 

Mrs. Bessie Bell, President 
Mrs. Georgia Alexander, Vice-Pres. 
Mrs. Hinda Samuels, Secretary 
Mrs. Anna Tenery, Cor.-Secretary 
Mrs. Eugenia Burues, Treasurer 


The Ideal Woman's Club was organized in January of 1908, by Mis? 
Ward and Mrs. Ida B. Wells-Barnett, with a membf^rship of eleven. This 
club has been unusually successful in its attainmen>s. having contributed 
over $8,000.00 to charity during the short period of its existence, it is a 
member of the City, State and National Federations. Under Mrs. Bur- 
nett's administration as president, the Ideal Club took the iniative in ar- 
ranging the tirst "reciprocity" meeting of colored womens' clubs, ever 
held in Chicago. 



The Woman's Improvement Club, has done splendid work for commu- 
nity betterment since its organization. The recent loss of Mrs. Harrison, 
the president and one of its most active members, was a sad blow, but 
under the wise administration of her successor, Mrs. Mabel Simpson, the 
club is steadily progressing. They are now planning to establish a Home 
for the protection of women and girls. 



The Julia Gaston Glub, was orjiaiiized by Miss Mary McDowell, Nov., 
1898, on the sugjiostioii of Miss Jnlia Gaston who realized the value of or- 
s:anization among the women and who had already gathered together a few 
interested women and' after her death the Club honored her by taking her 
name. IMrs. Kizzie Bills was the first President. This Club whose object 
was philanthro]iy has disjiensed comfort and cheer many times through- 
out the communitv. Paul Lawrence Dunbar was once an honored guest of 
the Club. 


The Phyllis Wheatley Woman's Club was organized on March 17th, 
189G and Mrs. Elizabeth Lindsay Davis was elected and has continued to 
serve as its president with the exception of two years when Mrs. Ida Tay- 
lor and Mrs. Mary Fisher, respectively, filled the executive chair. The 
Club, conceived as a neighborhood betterment organization, immediately 
began fighting saloons in proximity to the schools and suceeded in closini:' 
one that was particularly disreputable. 

Later a sewing school was established and maintained for five years 
under the supervision of the late INTrs. Eosie Pritchard Giuni, Mrs. Ophie 
Brown Wells, Mrs. Ella Darling, Mrs. Sadie Pritchard Hart, IMrs. Ada 
Brown Stewart and several others. For the last two years of its existence, 
Mrs. Mary Holloway, a graduate of the Domestic Science Department of 
A.rmour Institute, acted as instructor. To this school, all the boys and 
girls of the neighborhood, regardless of nationality, were heartily wel- 

In 1004 a day inirsery was ojiened at Trinity A. ]\r. E. IMission at 
18th and State Streets and su])]K)rted l)y th(> clul) for two years with ex- 
traordinary success. 

While engaged in tliesc earlier activities the nieml)ers of tlie Club wei'(> 
becoming more and moi-e interested in a problem that was assuming alarm- 
ing proportions that of colored women coming into tlie city, mnuy of 
them from the best families in otiier Stntes, and finding it impossible to 
secure a congenial enviroitient in which to live of desirable employment by 
which to support themselves. Man.\- of Hiese girls were going astray l)y 
being led unawares into disreputable homes, enteiiainment and employment 
because of lack of the (irotection that strange girls of the other Kaces en- 

joy. In 1906, it was decided to. give over to other organizations the work 
that had previously been carried on by the members of the Phyllis Wheat- 
ley Club and concentrate all their efforts and resources on the solving of 
this larger problem. 

Accordingly, a committee comjiosed of five members, Mrs. Lull Far 
mer, Mrs. Anna Dunmore, ]\Irs. Laura Manning, Mrs. Naomi Fenwick, 
and Dr. Anna Cooper, was appointed to make arrangements for the pur- 
chase of a house, in a desirable neighborhood, to be used as a "home" for 
self-supporting girls. Mrs. Mary Fisher, chairman of the executive board 
and her daughter, Mrs. Eudora Fisher Lockett, had given an entertain- 
ment to create a building fund and had realized $135.86, which small sum 
made the first payment on a nine room house at 3530 Forest avenue. 

This home, which cost .$3,400.00, was rented for two years until tlie 
owners equity had been paid and the mortgage reduced by $500.00. In 
1908 it was opened and immediately occupied by several girls who had 
been temporarily sheltered in the homes of the clubs members. Great ere 
dit for the early success of the homes goes to ]Mrs. Annie E. Hunter and 
Mrs. Ethel Caldwell who for three years contributed their services as 
matrons following respectively by Mrs. Louise Hardaman Jackson and 
Miss Jennie E. Lawrence who served for a very small salary. 

So rapid was the progress in this new field of activity and so urgent 
was the need, that the club was attempting to meet, it was decided to in- 
vite representatives of other organiations to assist in the work and as a 
result of this action, the Phyllis Wheatley Home Association was formed. 
This association functions as a separate organization. 



The Ladies' Civic and Social Club was organized on May 24, 1904 by 
Misses Mary Carter and Adella Barnes. The membership was composed 
of the following ladies : 

Miss Cora DePriest Etheridge, Mrs. Lizzie Blake, Miss Allie DeBolton 
Roibnson, Miss Anna Hodges Tucker, Miss Minnie Stamps Lindsay, Miss 
Ora White, Miss Nellie Huggard Williams, Mrs. Bertha Batxer, Mrs. 
Susan Robinson, Miss Edna Depriest, Mrs. Ella Harris, Miss Deerette 
Hodges Blakely, Mrs. Eva Roinbson. 

"Onward and Upward" was adopted as the Club motto. The Club 
was organized for the purpose of pleasure, but soon realized the necessity 
of doing something for others. They assisted their pastors, in raising 
fundsi for Church work, gave aid to needy families, carried flowers to the 

sick and lent a helping; hand wherever it was needed. After joining the 
Federation, they were advised by the State Organizer to insert tlie word 
"Civic" in the Clnb name so it was changed to the "The Ladies' Civit! 
and Social Club". All of the members in the Clnb at the time of its or- 
ganization were young ladies and only four were married. 

Adella Ross, President. 

Ella Harris, Secretary. 



The Nonpareil Club was organized May 10, 1909 at the home of Mrs. 
Mary Donley. It has as its objects ; study, charity work and pleasure. 
Originally composed of twelve members among whom were, Mrs. Mary 
Scott, Miss Estella Harrison, Miss Lola Danyus, Mrs. Ella Winn, Mrs. 
Emma Revell, Mrs. Martha Smith, Md's. Clara Danyus, Mrs. Mary Donley, 
Mrs. Arintha Dochier, Mrs. Margaret Outz, and ]\Irs. Juanita Robinson, 
the club has exerted such an appeal through the success of its work that 
the membership has grown to thirty. 

In November of 1911, they were addressed by Mrs. Ida Lewis, of Chi- 
cago, on "Club Work and the Advantage of Federation" and as a result 
joined the State Federation on January 16, 1912. In the thirteen years of 
their organization, they have lost two of their members by death, Mrs. 
Susan Woods and Mrs. P. M. Lewis, both well remembered for their loving 
helpful dispositions. 

The club work has increased with the increased membership and not 
only have they helped local organizations on numerous occasions, but have 
extended assistance to enterprises in other cities as well. They have been 
especially active in M'clfare of the sick and needy. The spirit of help and 
uplift is strong and the members in helping others find themselves grow- 
ing stronger in charity of thought and deed. Looking back over the path 
they have traveled and on ahead to the heights they hope to reach, they 
can justly feel to some extent worthy of their motto, "Lifting as We 
Climb." ' 



A little over twelve years ago, a group of women were called together 
by Mrs. Althcda Moore and organized into the i'rogressive Art Club. For 
a number of years the in'inci])al line of work oF this club was Art. Science 
and Literature, but gradually seeing Ihe need of doing something for moiv 

unfortunate ones, they have become a charitable organization in deed and 
in truth. Hundreds of men, women and children have been fed and clotli- 
ed by this group of women, medical treatment and fuel provided where 
necessay and through the Juvenile Department many girls rescued from 
lives of immortality. Such well-known women as Rejinah Houston, 
Mary Windsor, Anna Harding, Marie Golden, Jennie MjcClain, Edith 
Stewart, Belle Taylor and many others which space will not permit men- 
tioning have been moving lights in the administration in the affairs of this 
organization, and now that they have something really tangible to work 
for, they feel that God will make them successful and the least they do 
will be pleasing and acceptable in his sight. 


The Phyllis Wheatley Club was organized in 1910 by Mrs. Lula 
Richardson, now deceased, and Mrs. Eva Solomon. This Club started with 
a membership of 18 girls from twelve years old up. The first work of the 
Club was to place the A. M. E. Hymnal in Allen A. M. E. Church and 
since that time it has assisted the Church along other lines. Every year 
the Club gives, a picnic for the children. Three charter members remain. 
They are Miss Glaze Allen, Mrs. Hazel Freese and Miss Marghesita. 

Allene Fleming, President. 

Dorothy Smalley, Secretary. 



The Woman's Aid Club was organized in May 1899 by Mrs. Elizabeth 
Lindsay Davis. The object of tliis club at the time of its organization was 
charity, but as time pased and the membership grew, their vision broaden- 
ed and they assumed activities along the lines of moral and civic im- 
provement and social welfare. The social welfare activities have included, 
jail investigations, juvenile court, work house visiting, contributions to 
educational institutions, help to students, relief to the sick and aid to the 

The Club has also worked with the "Associated Charities and the 
Overseers of the poor. As a member of the Civic Federation, they have 
contributed to the establishment of the Peoria County Detention Home, to 
the^maintainenc'o of the Xeigliborhood House of the City of Peoria, and the 
Plorehlre-^'rittendon Home and tiave-^rendered great sei'viee to the various 
churches. During the War an active part was taken in community ser- 

vice work and a large amount invested by the chib in War Saving Stamps 
and Liberty Bonds. 

This Clnb has been a member ever since the organization of the State 
Federation and every State office has at some time been held by ita 
various members. Among the distinguished persons who have been guest 
of the Club are : The late Booker T. Washington, Mary Church Terrell, 
Hallie Q. Brown, Elizabeth Lindsay Davis, and Mary B. Talbert. 


The vision of Mj-s. Carrie Lee Hamilton, president of the lllinoia 
Federation (1916-18 was realized, when her tactful recommendation )f 
dividing thei State into Districts, was adopted. The idea behind this plan 
was to enable women to attend a heart to heart gathering in small groups, 
where they found it impossible to attend the State meetings. It was be- 
lieved and has since been proven to be true, that women from both the 
rural districts and the cities, could be reached in larger numbers and would 
ue greatly inspired by the much needed information which they would re- 
«eive, besides developing a firmer determination from the personal contact 
with other people and the affairs of life. 

From the moment that the recommendation was made, the women of 
bouthem Illinois, began working to perfect plans for their organization and 
at the first meeting held at Duquoin in the A. M. E. Church, a meeting 
graced by some of the most prominent women of the State, among whom 
were : Mrs. A. L. Anderson, Mrs. Lillian Jameson, Mrs. Florence S. Fields, 
Maude Loving, Emma Thompson, Hannah Woods, Ida Powell, Anna B. 
Dorsey, Anna Owens, Ehel Reddick, Hattie English and others, the So\i 
ihern District Federation was formed. 

The Southern Federation in the short period of its existence has done 
splendid work. They have been especially interested in the development 
of the Yates Memorial Hospital at C-airo. The following list of clubs, 
with a membership of five hundred women are enrolled as members of the 
organization: Carrie Lee Hamilton Club, Colps; Douglas Parent Teachers, 
Mounds; Hallie Q. Brown, DuQuoiu ; Community Club, Carbondale: 
Community Club, Elkville; Garrison Parent Teachers, Cairo; Yates Wo- 
man's Club, C-airo; Silver Leaf, Mounds City; Benevolent Workers, 
Marion; Woman's Club, Lovejoy; Sojourners Club, Carbondale; Woman's 
0])])()i'tunity, Mounds, Woman's Club, Sparta; Sunbeam Club, Marion; 
Sunshine Club, llarrisburg; Mary (^. Waring Club, Murphysboro. 


The Silver Leaf Club was organized in 1919, by Mrs. A. L. Anderson, 
then State Organizer. This Clnb has done its major work in caring for the 
welfare of Jnveniles, and in numerous instances has been able to secure 
leniency for delinquent youths, in one case placing a girl in the home of 
a Club member to prevent her being sent to an Industrial School. Two 
public affairs are featured annually, at which educational programs are 
rendered and some speaker of prominence is secured to deliver an address. 

]\Irs. Mary J. Campbell, President 



The Springfield Woman's Club was organized in 1899 to help maintaiji 
and for a, number of years held its meeting at, the Lincoln Colored Home. 
Under the administration of Mrs. Margaret Byrd and her predecessors, 
the club has had a phemonal growth. During the World War, its members 
did considerable Red Cross work and contributed in many ways to the 
demands made by the government upon the people. 



Some eight years ago there was organized by Mrs. Bertha Myers of 
Joliet, a club consisting of six members, with Mrs. Nancy Johnson as 
president. This organization, although small in the quantity of its mem- 
bers, yet ranks in the quality of its work, among the foremost clubs of the 
State. The faithful service of the president and the co-operation of the 
members, keeping always before them their motto, "Lifting As We Climb", 
has enabled them to give unmeasureable cheer and comfort to the sick and 
to render unlimited aid to the needy. The eonmiunity in which the So- 
journer Truth Club functions camiot fail to bestow upon its members, 
the highest praise for services rendered. 



The Sunshine Workers, organized June 16, 1919 by Mrs. A. L. Ander- 
son Avith a membership of 12 ladies has had a rapid growth during the 

period of its existence. The Child Welfare, the Philanthropic and School 
committee have been especially active in bettering community conditions. 
One of the prominent features of the Club 's work is the maintainence of a 
Banking Fund from which Christmas cheer is dispensed to the children 
and the aged of the community. 

Lizzie Truitt, President 
Lela Gurnitt, Secretary. 
Cordellia Wilson, Historian. 


The Social Art and Literary Club has done much to stimulate the 
desire for greater knowlede of good literature by its study of the Bible and 
books by the best authors and deserves great credit for the scope of its 
charity work. One of the outstanding features of its past service was the 
adoption of a baby which had been left on the door-step of one of its mem- 
bers. The "Club baby" became an object of devotion to all the members; 
a bank account was started as an educational fund, and it was tenderly 
cared for until the All-Wise Father saw fit to transplant it to his Heavenly 
Garden. Mrs. Susie Carver, Mrs. Sarah Ellis and ]\Irs. Lulu Hughes are 
among the charter members of this club. 


The Violet Thimble Club was organized in 1916. While primarily in- 
terested in fancy work, much good has been done in arousing the Social 
and Philanthropic Spirit of the community. During the war an active in- 
terest was taken- in the various community activities aaul a Red Cross 
Work Room was maintained where the members did their bit towards win- 
ing the war. 


The West Side Woman's Club was organized November 13, 1919, witii 
Mrs. Victoria Thomas as president, Mrs. Myrtle Haxall as Secretary, and 
Mrs. Ada Johnson, treasurer. The membership consisted of thirteen per 


sons. The Club has done much for the improvement of their communi- 
ty and have great plans for charitable and welfare work in the future. 
They are new in the field of Club Avork, but much is expected of them. 

Mrs. Lizzie Samuels, President. 

Mrs. IViyrtle Haxall, Secretary. 

Mrs. Pearl Dalton, Treasurer. 



The Woman's Club of Sparta, Illinois was organized with twenty 
members on July 9, 1919. The Club has done community work in the way 
of distributing clothes, food and money to the needy. The members have 
visited the sick and have strewn flowers and sunshine along the pathway' 
of those who have lost some loved one through death. Th^ Club itself has 
suffered one bereavement in the death of Mrs. Ellen Wylie. There are 
many things to be accomplished and the Club has great hopes for the 

Mrs. Mary Burton, President. 

Mrs. Pauline Madison, Secretary. 



The Woman's Auxiliary Club was organized with twenty-one mem- 
bers, on March 6, 1913 by Mrs. Sarah Sheppard, the State Organizer. 

The purpose of the Club is to promote the interests of the Race, 
morally, spiritually and intelectually and for all that tends towards the 
progress of the Colored Woman. , 

Officers: 1913-14, Mrs. Annie Proctor, President; Mrs. Mildred 
Farrall, Vice President; Miss Rae Farrall, Secretary; Miss Jessie Pickett, 
Treasurer. 1915-16, Mrs. IMlildred Farrall, President; Mrs. Hudson Brown, 
Vice President; Mrs. Rae Farrall Pickett, Secretary, Cordie Brown, Trea- 
surer. 1917-18, ]\irs. Cordie Brown, President ; Mrs. Pearl Penick, Vice 
President; Mrs. Ella R. Pickett, Secretary; Mrs. Annie Outright, Trea- 
surer. 1919, Mrs. Jessie Pierce, President; Mrs. Kincade, Vice President; 
M^, Jessie Webb, Secretary; Mrs. Annie Outright, Treasurer. 

Mrs. Mildred Farrall, President. 



Several years a^, Mrs. Mary Martii5, realizing the suEfeviut^' and the 
deprivation among the aged and ihe homeless orphans of her community, 
conceived the idea of establishing a club to do organized work in relieving 
the existing conditions. While still confined to her bed after a serious 
lUiness, she invited to a meeting, a number of women, whom she knew 
to be interested in charitable work and the "Old Folks Home Association 
of East St. Louis was the results. 

For the first year or two, the Association did general relief woii^, be- 
ing put to an acid test during the unfortunate Race Riot of li)18, whicli passed with ilymg colors, large quantities oi clothing and household 
supplies being distributed, to, many who had lost all their possessions. 
Later, as a member of the United Charities of the City, the scope of the 
orgajiizatioi^ was greatly increased. Through all their difficulties, the 
members of the Association have kept their goal in sight and would have 
built their "Home" in 1919 had it not been for the high cost of building 
m,aterials. Because of this fact, they decided to temporarily rent a build- 
ing, which was opened as a home for orphans on May 5, 1920, How- 
ever, when thq County agreed to take charge of their inmates, the Asso- 
ciation s maintainence of a home was discontinued until such time as the/ 
can build on their own property. This they expect to do not later than 
August of 1922. 


The Woman's Progsaissive Club was organized in November 1909 by 
Mrs. Daisey D. Walker as the Womans Improvement Club, with a member- 
ship of twenty-five women. They maintained a reading room for a year 
and have done great work for charity and social uplift and entertain the 
old people once a year. The club tries to be the friend of the needy and in 
several instances has secured christian burial for those who have died 
friendless. , 

Mrs. Eva Solomon, President. 

Mrs. Anitta Huff, Secretary, 


Realizing the need of organized effort in working to better coimnuni- 
ty conditions, the women of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, several years ago 
founded the Woman's Improvement Club. They decided to work practi- 
cularly along educational and philanthropic lines and the success that they 
have attained is a credit to their persistence. The sincerity of their in- 
terest, in not, only the uplift of woman's standard in their own community, 
but in the welfare of their sisters everywhere, has lead them, through lack 
of one in their own State, to join the Illinois Federation. 


The Woman's Opportunity Club has been organized four years. Mrs. 
A. L. Anderson was the State Organizer and during her tour in the in- 
terest of club work, a number of ladies of this little city heartily received hei 
at a public meeting held at St. John Baptist Church. On acount of the 
opportunity to perform many unlifting deeds the women accepted the 
name mentioned and chose as a motto, "No Labor Without Reward". Mrs. 
Carrie Rushing has been the president since organizing and Mrs. Moseley is 
the Secretary. Boxes of candies, fruits, and notions are given at 
Christmas to the orphans and decrepit members of the Race. Caring for 
the sick, the lowly and destitutq is the work of this club. A colored doll 
contest has been given not only as a financial gain but for the purpose of 
instilling Race pride. The next ambition of this organization is to establish 
a play ground for the children 


The Woman's Civic League was organized in the Lecture room of 
Quinn Chapel A. M. E. Church on Sunday afternoon, November 14, 1897, 
Mrs. C. A. Curl was its first president, Minnie E. Roach, secretary aiul 
Agnes Moody, chairman of the Executive Board. The Civic League was 
the second woman's club organized in Chicago. Mrs. Curl was a delegate 
to the National Association meeting at Nashville, Tenn., in 1897 and was 
instrumental in bringing the National to Chicago in 1899. The Civic 
League assisted in entertaining the National at the meeting at Quinn 
Chapel. They had at that time, a membership of over two hundred. 
From its organization, the League was a prominent factor in the club 

life of the city and itf< members were among the pioneers in the organiza- 
tion of the State Federation. 



The Yates Woman's Club is the oldest colored woman's club in Cairo, 
Illinois, being organized in 1905. A large jmiount of charitable work 
has been performed by this noble band of women. A beautiful home is 
being purchased by the club and for a number of years has been main- 
tained as a fully equipped hospital. Mrs. Florence Sprague Fields served 
as President for eleven years, being followed by Mrs. Alice Titus Beatty 
and Mrs. Alex Payne. 


The Clara Jessamine Club was founded in 1912 by Mrs. Minnie Col- 
lins and Mrs. Jessie Johnson (deceased), as an advisory aid to tlie Board 
of Directors of the Pliyllis Wheatley Home. After several months of 
existence, it was decided that financial assistance was more needed than 
advice. In February of 1913, the club reorganized and immediately be- 
gan, with this new object in mind, to raise fun^ls for the Home. Tlie 
success with which their efforts have been attended is evidenced by the 
fact that they have been able to pay $1,225.00 on the mortgage on the 
Home and contribute $226.00 to the cost of electric fixtures and wiring. 
In fact, they have had sufficient means to give $136.00 to the Urban 
League, towards the feeding and clothing of the unemployed and make 
gifts of flowers, fruit and money to cheer the sick. 

The name "Clara Jessimire" is a tribute to the memory of Mrs. 
Clara Studymire, tlie first president and Mi's. Jessie Johnson, one of the 
founders of the club. 


The Ida B. Wells Woman's Club was organized at the close of tli<^ 
World's Fair in 1893, and therefore has the place of honor as the mother 
of the woman's clubs in Illinois and Chicago. 

Mr. A. H. Roberts, during the month of September, 1893, in the 
name of the Tourgee Club, invited Miss Ida B. Wells, who had just re- 

turned from England, to be hostess and speaker for the club's "ladies 
day". The meeting was crowded and the women of Chicago from that 
time on, continued to meet in the Tourgee Club parlors every Thursday 
as the club's guests and enjoy programs of music, lectures and current 
topics discussions provided by Miss Wells, who had been chosen as chair- 
man. Mr. W. T. Stead, the leading editor of Europe at that time; Mrs. 
Mathews, a leading English temperance worker; and many others were 
among the distinguished speakers and guests of the club at these 

Miss Wells was elected president and Mrs. E. L. Davis, secretar3'", 
after the women decided to form an organization of their own. Their 
first public effort was a Christmas entertainment for the benefit of the 
Tourgee Club which netted $50.00 This was presented to the club at its 
annual meeting in appreciation of its courtesy in extending to the women, 
the free use of their parlors. The next work was the raising of money 
to prosecute a policeman^ for killing an innocent colored man on the West 

Miss Wells returned to Great Britain in February of 1894 and Mrs. 
R. E. Moore, as vice-president, presided during the eight months absence 
of the president. During this time the club took out a charter and as- 
sumed the name of its absent president. Excellent work had been done 
in supporting the principles of the president and a strong resolution had 
been sent across the ocean, which had done much to aid her in her battle 
against lynching. On her return, the club assisted the citizens in a mons- 
ter reception at Quinn Chapel. A year later at her marriage in Bethel 
A. M. E. Church, the I. B. W. Club gave their president a magnificent 
wedding reception, which was attended by the leading white and colored 
citizens of the city. Mrs. Barnett remained as president until the pres- 
ence of two little ones in her home forced her to withdraw, after five 
years of helpful work among the women of Chicago. 

Among the outstanding features of the work of the I. B. W. Club, 
may be listed : 

Rendered assistance in establishing the first Negro Orchestra in 

Opened the first kindergarten, for children of our district, at Bethel 
A. M. E. Church, long before the kindergarten system was taken over 
by the public schools of the city. 

Was one of the charter members of the League of Cook County Clubs, 
thus stopping color line discrimination among clubs of the city and mak 
ing it possible for colored clubs to join any clubs of the other race since 
formed. The president ~>f the I. B. W. Club was one of the first nine 
directors of the League. 

From these first helpful prog-rams of club work, race unity and par- 
liamentary drill in the mother club, have sprung all the other clubs of 
Chicago and the state and from the ranks of its members have come many 
of our club presidents, our leading business women and our leading 
church a.nd social service workers. 


The Labor of Love Club is one of the most influential philanthropic 
clubs in Chicago. Their litest work has been the instTllatiou of a hath 
room in the Home for Aged and Infirm Colored People. Mrs. Sarah 
Scott is the president and Mrs. Melissa MjcClure, a pioneer worker in the 
State, is one of the Club 's'. most active members. 


The Young Matron's Culture Club was organized in February of 
1015 by Mrs. Myra Hunter Reeves to stimulate an interest in physical 
culture, art and literature. Although charity is or rather was not one 
of the objects of this club's efforts, over $3,000.00 has been distributed 
.imong worthy causes and institutions since they came into existence. 

The young matrons composing the membership of the club did ex- 
cepticn-^lly splendid war work both in the sale of Liberty bonds and 
in cring for Comj^any "A" of the 8th Regiment, which tlu"- adoo'c-i 
during the period of the war. Mrs. Emma J. Andrews is the present 


The Ladies West Side Art Club was organized M.ay 1914, Mrs. Lide 
Tinsley, President; Object: Philanthropy. Ex(iuiste designs in needle- 
work are produced by members of the club. 


The Mary A. Lawrence Club, so named in ho'^or of that noble woman, 
who came to the assistance of Mrs. Eva Moni.,e and donated the new 

. JWeiitti-otql)( 

buildiiip' of the Lincoln Home, was organized as an auxiliary to thai 

The members of the elub try to make the institutional life as homo- 
like as possible and provide monthly literary and educ tional ]ri-og:rams 
for the inmates. 


The Giles Charity Club, so named to perpetuate the sainted memory 
of Miss Harriet E. Giles, associate founder of Spellman Semin-^ry, was 
organized in November 1910, by Mme. Ezella Mathis Carter, to assist 
struggling students and meet calls for local charity. 

Among the various departments maintained by this (Tub are; the 
Philanthropic, to meet calls for charity; the Education, to opernte study 
classes in present day needs, current events, a circulating library, com- 
munity singing, citizenship, reform measures, etc., and the Sunshine, to 
I'iirry cheer, to invalids in hospitals and homes, and to shut-ins, to scud 
notes of condolence to the breaved, to ins's"- on rif,-lii living, arrang<' fun- 
erals, give relief to the sick and distressed and furnish legal counsel 
where needed. 

All business is transacted in the "OfScers' Cabinet", thus giving the 
Club meeting period to the rendering of a program and allovxdng rime 
for the introduction of visitors. In additions to their regular work, this 
club has closely allied itself with the N. A. A. C. P., The Chicago Urban 
League, the Indiana Avenue Y. W. C. A. and the Provident Hospital. 


The im-portaiice of woman's work was realized as they became edu- 
cated. Chicago was blessed in the example and life work of one who 
lived for others, in the person of Mrs. Celia Parker Woolley, a noted 
lecturer, writer of poetry, fiction, minister of the Gospel, associate founder 
of the Chicago Woman's Club, Woman's City Club, Political Equality 
League, Lengue of Religious Fellowship, and organizer of the Federick 
Douglas Center in April 1904. The Center Woman's Club was organized 
liy lior in October 1005 with Mrs. Mary Redfield Plu'iimer as president 
and Mrs. Ida B. Wells-Barnett, as vice president. 

The club work was many sided, it served as a background for the 
Center children's classes in domestic science, music, dramatics, physical 
culture, boy scouts ; to promote study classes with Mrs. George Cleveland 
Hall to lead the sociologj^ class ; affiliate with nearby organizations in 


charity relief, legal coiuisel, child welfare, linen chest, vocational schools, 
playgrounds, outings, social settlement, churches, and many others. The 
meetings twice a month were lucrative with the best talent of both Races 
CO provide programs in music, literature, political equality and such 
propaganda measures as to bring about a more just realtion between 
groups at Christmas. Boxes and barrels of clothing, books, and gifts 
were sent to worthy schools. When Mrs. Fannie Barrier Williams was 
the president of the' class, interest grew. 

riie Center opened a war office for the Second Ward in charge of 
Mrs. Elizabeth Lindsay Davis. Here the women registered for service 
in the National Defense, provided an Exemj>tion Board for the drafted 
men. The Red Cross Auxiliary was operated by Dr. Mary F. Waring with 
active Units in sewing and knitting extending the work to other sections 
of the city. The Government located a parcel post office here where 
(-'.everal hundred Christmas boxes were sent to the soldier boys over seas 
and supervised by "Inspectors". During the influenza, epidemic of 1918, 
a relief station was opened for the distribution of prepared foods so 
generously provided by kind donors. 

The club occasionally furnished a program for the Sunday afternoon 
meetings in charge of Mrs. Antoinette Crump Cone. Their 'si was an open 
platform for neighbors and organizations to n\eet on common ground in 
considering the welfare of all concerned ; their open door always welcomed 
other clubs and organizations. 


A broad vision and willing' mind always finds occasion for expression 
in any age. This was true of Mme. Ezelle Mathis Carter when she or- 
ganized the Elizabeth Lindsay Davis Club on January 22, 1918 with 
Mrs. Eula Pinkney as president. Not satisfied with the work alone of 
the Giles Charity Club, in perpetuating the name of Miss Giles, and her 
own, the Carter Charity and Benevolent Clubs, she sought yet another 
woman whose name must never be forgotten, Mrs. Elizabetli Lindsay 
Davis. Her's was a useful life : s ■^ pioneer leader in Chicago having 
spent many years teaching in public schools, magazine writer, lecturer, 
president of local clubs, founder of Phyllis Wheatley Home for working 
women and girls, National Organizer in women's Clubs, prominent in 
Second Ward activities, political e(iuality circles and many otlier useful 

The work of this club is three-fold, to -welcome strangers in the 
city and render hospitality, furnish information, concerning legal eoun- 
.sel ; educational facilities, etc., to render i)rogram,s of music, literature, 
dramatics, philanthropy, to relieve eases of cliarty, assist education of 


native African student, give sick relief; grocery showers and Christmas 
boxes with clothing and books. 

Social life is a specialty with many receptions, dinners and a particu- 
larly good time at each meeting. A Christmas dinner was given in honor 
of Mrs. Davis one year. Pleasant Sunday Mass Meetings are held in 
different sections of the city to reach the immediate community for the 
discussion of such practical topics as right living, child welfare, beauti- 
fying the home and yards, duty to neighbors, vocational occupation and 
many others. 

Hundreds of dollars have been raised for all purposes and mvTch 
credit is due our loyal workers in projecting a plan so much needed, 
since they are tnie to their motto ," Lending a Hand." 


The work of the Carter Charity and Benevolent Association has iU 
origin in January, 1917 in Chicago, when its founder, Mme. Ezella Mathis 
Carter aware of the alarming evil conditions and much suffering in that 
city and all sections, realized her co-workers in clubs and business circles 
could help relieve such. 

To this end she first organized her Chicago Hairdressers to relieve 
sickness, distress, render legal advice, counsel for those needing a larger 
vision in life, relief for the unemployed and to engage in such benevolent 
work as their treasurery would permit. The demands for such a splendid 
work grew and a year later the membership was opened to anyone wish- 
ing to lend co-operation. 

Today this Association has seventy-five clubs reaching from Omaha, 
Nebraska to New Augustine, Florida, all doing a splendid work. Since 
the scope and needs have increased during the war and resconstruction 
preiod one of the central themes in all these clubs is "Community Ser- 
vice." By this method immediate relief may be obtained by not waiting 
for the call to be' sent into a central office in ai distant city. 

All local clubs are called in joint session with the National Hair- 
growers Convention of the Carter System each year. Here a program 
is rendered with the best talent possible to discuss practical subjects per- 
taining to child welfare, education of our youth, commerce, women in 
business and many others. A printed program is followed by all local 
clubs, thus forming a central fellowship where inspiration and helpful- 
ness is found. The wealth of information from such topics as "Improving 
the Neighborhood," "Slander, Sowing and Reaping, IleaUii Conference, 
Lessons from Great Lives," serve as a training school for our young 


Since one of the themes in general education today is "Week Day 
Religion", we believe in making a most practical demonstration of this 
in our many chibs, urging all members to make in addition to their Sun- 
day professions in faith and beliefs, a living theme of "Christian Citizen 
ship", thus being true to our motto, "No Creed but Christ, No Law but 


"Not For Ourselves, But For Others" 


Through Life's Journey from the beginning to the end, the path- 
way should be scattered with roses to combat in a measure the tribula- 
tions that inevitably c(?me ; often after the meridian is past the roses be- 
come less and less until they finally cease. This truth possibly actuated 
]\Irs. George Hawkins when she gathered a few ladies atl her home and ex- 
plained her idea. Eagerly the thought was absorbed and there sprung in- 
to existence on December 4, 1904, the "Volunteer Workers for the Home 
of Aged and Infirm Colored People." 

The object of the club was to work for the "Home" exclusively, 
which they did from the time of their organization until January of 
1911, accomplishing results that stand as a monument to their endeavor. 
Mrs. Rebecca Ridley, the matron, who has since "passed out", and m^jy 
others of the old inmates will testify to the esteem in which the club is 
held; how their individual wants were administered to; the pleasure de- 
rived from the "reception days", the dinners seized them and the cloth- 
ing, shoes, groceries and other supplies furnished. Christmas festivities 
were always observed with a tree and after appropiate exercises, cmdy, 
fruit, nuts and useful presents are given to each iinnate. In 1909, under 
the administration of Mrs. Emma Chandler, the 2nd president, a stc'in 
heating plant was installed at the cost of $342.00. adding greatly to the 
onifnrt of the old folks. In 1910 during the administration of Mrs. Alice 
J. Caldwell, a stairway leading from the men's department was buil+, 
m iking tlieir quarters more easily accesable. 

In 1911, when Mrs. Clara Johnson, was elected president, the club 
decided to work for general charity, because there was so much distress and 
suffering in the city. Consequently, the name and by-laws were changed 
to conform toi the new plans and the organization became the "Volunteer 
Workers Charity Club. The "Home" still receives an annual donation 
and assistance is also given to such institutions as the Amanda Smith, the 
Phyllis Wheatley, and the Louise Juvenile' Homes and the Provident Hos- 

ffllixtj, f) 

The club has passed its 17th, milestone ; years filled with aggressive 
activities and love for the work. From a membership of ten, it has 
p-rown until a limit had to be set at fifty. Nearly $4,000.00 has been dis- 
tributed to charity. 


Returning to their homes after attending one of the conventions of 
the N. A.. C. W., where they had met some of the brainiest women of the 
race from the far West, who had an usual requested the privilege of 
entertaining the Association; on the coast and who had been, as usual, dis- 
appointed; a group of women living in the Central States decided that 
it would be a step forward, if a western federation could be formed which 
would bring together, the women of the Middle West and the Pacific 
Coast States. 

As a result of this decision, the following resolution was offered by 
Joanna Snowden Porter of Illinois, at the Illinois State meeting held in 
Moline in August, 1914 : 

''Whereas, the women of the Western Country are becoming to be 
recognized as a power because of their political franchise, and the old 
adage "In Union Therei Is Strength" has been found to be true in what- 
ever line it has been tried, and since that Constitutional privilege has 
been granted to the women of Illinois and other states hereinafter named, 
it is highly necessary that the women of the Northwest join themselves 
together in a compact body, the better to work, to promote religious, so- 
cial and civic conditions and to make a stronger protest against unwise 

Therefore be it resolved that the Illinois Federation of Colored 
Women's Clubs, in convention assembled this August, 1914, at Moline, 
Illinois, instruct the President of the Federation to appoint a committee 
of five whose duty it shall be to issue an address to the state federations 
(and in those states where there is no federation, to individual clubs) of 
Arizona, California, Colorado, Indiana, Iowa, KVinsas, Kentucky, Michigan, 
IMinnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Ohio, Oregon, Oklahoma, Utah, 
Washington, Wisconsin, Wyoming and the Dakotas, asking them to appoint 
representatives to" a conference, the object of which shall) be the formation 
of a Northwestern Federation of Colored Woman's Clubs, stating therein 
the advantages to be gained by such. Federation and calling such confer- 
ence to meet in Chicago in August, 1915, in conjunction with the meeting 
of the State Federation and of the Half Century Celebration of Negro 

This resolution was nnamiously passed, the idea meetings the approval 
of every one present, and a committee of five women was appointed : 
Mxs. J. Snowden Porter, Chairman ; Mrs. Melissa Elam, Mrs. Jessie John- 
son, Mrs. Eva Monroe, Mrs. Carrie Lee Hamilton, Mrs. E. L. Davis and 
Mrs. I. B. Thompson, 

On August 16, 1915, the conference meeting was held at St. Marks 
M. E. Church and the Northwestern Federation came into being. The 
forty-four delegates present from the various states were : 

Mrs. S. Joe Brown, Mrs. J. B. Rush, Miss Jessie Walker, Mrs. Elnora 
Gresham, Mrs. C. B. Lewis, and Mrs. Gertrude Culberson, for Iowa. 

Mrs. Gertrude B. Hill, Mrs. Ida Bryant, Mrs. Mamie Russell, Mrs. 
Jessie Wade, IV^rs. Medora Powell, Mrs. JBessie C. Jones, Mrs. Sarah Chavis, 
Mrs. E. A. Roach, Mrs, Sally Henderson, Mrs. Bertha Caldwell and Miss 
Blanche Patterson for Indiana. 

Mrs. Bessie L. Allen, Miss Georgia Nugent and Miss Martha V. Web- 
ster for Kentucky. 

M^rs. Lucy Thurman, and Mrs. Frances E. Preston for Michigan. 

Mrs. Mattie R. Hicks, Mrs. Mamie Donovan and Mrs. Hester Keeys 
for Minnesota. 

Mrs. Minnie M, Scott, Miss Hallie Q. Brown and Miss Dora E. Johnson 
for Ohio. 

Mrs. Clara Mongomery, Mrs. Hessie Kelly, Mrs. Laura Williams, Mrs. 
Rebecca Logan, Mliss Genevieve Rueben and Mrs. Carrie S. Horton for 

Mrs. Sarah L. Willis for Wyoming. 

Mrs. T. W. Bell for Kansas. 

Mrs. R. F. Noland for Missouri. 

Mrs.. Carrie Lee Hamilton, Mrs. Jessie Johnson, Mi*s. Melissa Elam, 
M^l-s. Eva Monroe, Mrs. E. L. Davis, Mrs. I. B. Thompson, and Mrs. J. 
Snowden Porter for Illinois. 

The first regular meetng to the new orgajiization was held in Witchita, 
Kansas, in 1916, followed by others at Grand Forks, N. D., in July of 
1919 and Phoenix, Arizona in July of 1921. The next mpotn^g will ho in 
1923 at Los Angeles, California. 


Chapter Four 


During the great World War no women were more active in every 
phase of the work than the' women of Illinois. Thousands of garments 
Vv'ere knitted for our boys in the cantomnents, here and overseas. Bo^es 
of smokes and other comforts were collected and sent to th'^m. War Sav- 
ings and Thrift Stamps and Liberty Bonds were bought by ihe thousands 
of dollars. 

Women gave up their loved ones with a smile on their lips and an 
ache in their hearts, for their Country's good. The Woman's Conmiittee, 
Council of National Defense, Illinois Division, included women of every 
Race, Creed Color and Political belief, every class of society, working side 
by side with every barrier forgotten in the sight, of a big patriotic ideal. 
Our women were weighed in. the balance and were not found wanting. 

The call for the registration of women for service, the pledge for food 
conservation, the Red Cross drives and the Child Welfare movements were 
all promptly answered from the extreme Northern end of the State to the 
land of "Egypt". 

Our men and women were found in every department of industry, do- 
ing their bit as loyal American Citizens, to help win the war. Our women 
shared the glory won by our boys, who fought on the battle fields of 
France, first, to make the world a decent place for others to live in 
second, to make it a safe place for themselves and theirs. 

The signing of the Armistice stopped actual hostilities, but there is 
still a great work of reconstruction to be done. The "migration" brought 
thousands of our people to the North. Our women again arose to meet 
the needs of the hour and through Community service and Community 
visits, have been able to improve the housing conditions and hc^p the new 
comer to adjust himself to his new environment besides caring for hund- 
reds of the unemployed. 

The period of reconstruction after a great war is always fraught with 
grave danger and new laws to meet the demands of the time are being 
called for. The women of the Federation must be alert and watchful, 
wisely guiding their members to a broader interpretation of the rights of 
ALL in the spirit of true Democracy. 


Chapter Five 


Our honored Frederick Douglas once said, "There is no Race problem, 
but there is a great human problem." Race prejudice still exists in 
many parts of the world, but the unreasoning color prejudice agairisi the 
most loyal of her citizens, is the one dispicable trait of American civiliza- 
tion. However, the heart of America s awakening to a sense of the great 
wrong" and injustice that it has inflicted upon an oppressed people for so 
long a time. This is, indeed, a changing world and a new day is dawning; 
a better understanding and a closer relationship between the Races is 

Credit for the first effort towards Inter-Racial co-operation belongs to 
Mrs. Celia P;;rker Wooley, who left her home and came with her husband 
to live among colored people. She founded the Frederick Douglas Center 

1. "Promote a just and amicable relationship between white and col- 
ored people. 

2. Remove the disabilities from which the latter suffer in their civic 
political an industrial life. 

3. Encourage equal opportvuiity, irrespective of race, creed or other 
arbitrary distinctions. 

4. Establish a center of friendly helpfulness and influence, in which 
to gather needful information and for material co-operation to the ends 
of right living and higher citizenship." 

The experiment of the Frederick Douglas Center as a practical factor 
in solving and adjusting some of the many phrases of the race problem, 
was watched with eager interest on the part of some, and with grave ap- 
prehension by others. But the seed fell in fertile ground and now Com- 
missions on Inter-Racial Co-operation exit in sixteen southern states and in 
se\?ral 'northern ones. The commission appointed by Governor Lowde?i, 
composed of six white and six colored members, to study race conditions 
in Illinois, has just completed an exhaustive report of its findngs, which 
will be of inestimable value to the state and the nation. 

Evidence of the scope of inter-racial activities and the part that the 
federated clubs are taking, is splendidly presented by Mrs. S. L. Brown, a 
prominent member of tlie Chicago Woman's Club, in an article which she 

.J llL^(ll-Jl.v 

contributed to a recent edition of the Edict Magazine, the official organ of 
the Illinois Federation of Woman's Clubs. Various excerpts from this 
article are herewith reproduced: 

•'Loyalty to Women and Justice to Children" is the motto of the 
Illinois Federation of Colored Woman's Clubs. As a well organized move- 
ment, this Federation is a great credit to our state, and deserves under- 
standing, appreciation, and recognition. In the belief that the fact that it 
exists is unknown to many, and the scope of its work is understood by 
few, a bit of its history is placed before you. 

These Illinois colored women organized in 1899 and they are an in- 
coporated body. Almost a half century of patience, devotion, and un- 
wearied effort is back of them. About a hundred clubs are so affiliated, 
and today being in a new era, when opportunity, co-operation, and under- 
standing are on the wings of the wind, the handicaps of the years are les- 
sening, and the difficulties no longer seem insurmountable. 

This federation operates under a somewhat different form from ths 
the usual state form of organization. The very points of difference show 
the wisdom of its lenders. Aside from the committees for the machinery 
of organization, their work includes departments of Education, Racial His- 
tory, Social Betterment, Books and Magazines, Health and Hygiene, 
Mothers, Child Welfare, Arts and Crafts, Legislation, Religion, Press, 
Civic and Labor Departments, Sustenance, Temperance, Pioneer Workers, 
Student Scholarship and ai few others. 

Chicago with its greater opportunities, its greater Race group, its mul- 
tiplicity of betterment associations and co-operations, offers different pro- 
beiiis to the district organization, and a wider range of work and satisfac- 
tory results. Also, because of grenter participation in advantages, just 
because of greater opportunities, the realm of clubdom in the Northern 
Dictrict is not so compact in organization as the other districts, where in 
many places the clubs offer the only opportunity for betterment that is 
availabe to colored women. 

Their department called Pioneer Workers deserves special mention, as it 
shows one of the keenst and most splendid atributes of colore(l people. The 
Pioneer Worker's Department simply means that there are capable colored 
women, rich in experience, rich in spirit, rich in the apprecation for ser- 
vices rendered, in the building of this club movement. Ap is often the case 
the world over, these splendid women reach late years without material 
riches, as their labors have been for love and without price. These wo- 
men are looked after ; are made to feel welcomed, honored guests and ad- 
visors at meetngs, at conventions are revered as ' ' Pioneers' 'Splendid ! 

It is well to know the strength and fervor feud devotion of these wo- 
men for the betterment of their race. It is finer to co-operate and give ap- 

<J h iriu 

preciaton to this very real, effective, Americanization work. In that hope, 
the story of the National and Illinois Federations of Colored Women's 
Clubs has been barely indicated to you here, in the faith that you will 
inquire further into this field of significant progress. 

Another article, reprinted from the Bulletin of the Woman's City 
Club of Chicago, is especially interesting. 


The race riots of last summer brought to the consciousness of thought- 
ful, unprejudiced citizens the fact that it is not possible to have a well 
governed city with a separated group of any kind within its boundaries. 
Especially we must not have a segregated mind with regard to any class 
of people. We must not forget that our colored population is American 
born, with generations of American born back of them. Whenever the 
opportunity has been given to better their conditions they have eagerly 
taken it, whether we like it or not.. 

When the opportunity was offered to come to Chicago to fill a re- 
ported nidustrial need which was widely advertised in the south, they 
responded in large numbers. In two years the negro population in Chica- 
go jumped from approximately 56,000 to 125,000. The burden of caring 
for this newly transplanted population was left entirely to the colored 
citizens of the city, who are, in the mass, alreidy over-burdened, hard 
working people with little accumlated surplus among them.. 

The Urban League, an organization of colored people, studying and 
teportng upon conditions among the negroes w;..s obliged to meet this 
unusual situation of poverty and unemployment. To meet this emer- 
gency the Urban League called into conference 90 different colored or- 
ganizations representing a membership of 2,000, and a plan was prepared 
upon which all agreed. In the first 8 months they secured positions for 
2,000. Last year they secured positions for 12,000. They made a study 
of the housing condition and published a certified lodging list. 

The Federation of Colored Women's Clubs visited the new families 
and left printed cards making an appeal for clemliness, respect for pub- 
lic property, orderly conduct in the street and the best possible upkeep 
of the household. The effect of this work was noticeable on the south side. 

The religious impulse has always helped the negroes through their 
trials. One church alone in this city has a membership of 8,000 and sup- 
ports a kindergarten and two missions. Several other churches have re- 
creational facilities and are making a brave effort to organize social work. 
They, have an organized Y. M. C. A. and a Y. W. C. A. 

fil'u.l., ..c,gt 

Very little outside help has been given to this struggling group of 
American citizens. In the matter of housing they were practically help- 
less. The Urban League canvassed real estate dealers one day and found 
664 colored applicmts for houses on that day and ouly 50 supplied. The 
colored working man is paid a relatively hnvei- wage than th.- white man. 
yet he is forced to pay a relatively iiigher rent. Tlie housing survey- .of 
the School of Civics and Philf'iithropy reports that "house after house, 
flat after flat, wliether under white or black agent, comes to l^he negro at 
ari increased rental". The menacing housing condition 'vas brought to tho 
notice of the emjiloyers who used tliis negro labor with an appeal for 
some action. Nothing was done. We believe that, if at the time, thir, 
appeal had been met with a constructive program for the good housing 
of the colored population perhaps the most immediate cause of irritation 
and race prejudice might have been removed. Tliis lack in housing was 
responsible for the sudden opening of new localities formerly occupied 
exclusively by white jieople who resented "the invasion," as they called 
it, of the colored people. 

Tliere is a mistaken motion current among tliose who have had few. 
dealings with working people that r;iee ]-)re.iudice plays an important part 
in the relations between the white and the colored workers. The antag 
onism that has sometimes arisen is due toi the fact that negroes have often 
been imported as strike breakers, usually with little knowledge of the con- 
ditions to which they came or the significance of the strike. This feeling 
has' nothing in common with race prejudice. The trade unions are increas- 
ing in hospitality towards colored workers and the negroes themselves a^c 
now awnkening to the need of putting an end to their use as strike- break- 
ers. The labor union leaders of the stOckyards have taken a determined 
stand against race prejudice. 

The negroes are here : they are citizens of our city. Tliey are eager 
to be in our schools, in our public parks and playgrounds and in our 
libraries. They ^'re caling for every educational advantage for their 
children. A study made by this committee shows that public parks, play- 
gj'ounds rnd centers bordering on the negro districts are little used by 
the colored population l)ecnuse of i-ace prejudice. The colored people do 
not go where they are not wanted. 

In otlicT' public centers where they are encouraged to come and whero 
the numbers of their own people make them feel safe and at ease they 
are proving their desire for better things by coming in large numbers. 
At the Lincoln Library where the attitude is most friendly 75 per eeiit 
of those who use the library are colored. "We hear that two petitions from 
colored people asking for community centers are before the board of 

Jhixlii nine 

Considering the fact that in dealing with the negro population we are 
dealing in the main with a laboring population, the number of colored 
children in the high schools is remarkable. In four of the high schools 
near the colored districts 739 are enrolled. That there are not more is 
due in part to the bitter feeling that even a high school education will not 
give the opportunities this same training opens up to the children of eveiy 
other race in America . 

The Inter-Racial suggested by Mrs. McDowell, has become a perma- 
nent organization and among its outstanding features for civic betterment 
is the convalescent care of colored women and girls. M^s. Mary McDowell 
is chairman and Mrs. Helen Sayree is secretary of this committee. 

In the plans for war the patriotic call was responded to eagerly by 
black and white. Out of 12,000,000 negroes in the United States, 100,000 
were called to military service, many of them' to the fighting line. In the 
plans for the re-instatement and the re-education of the disabled soldiers, 
at government expense, no color line is drawn. 

In the language of one of the leading negro citizens of Chicago, 
"Given decent housing, a chance to develop whatever abilities they 
possess and employment at a living wage, the negroes will be no more of 
'a problem' than the people of any other race. They will naturally seek 
their own as other races do. They will be human as others are. They 
will be a part of the problems of poverty and crime, of sickness, of 
juvenile delinquency and all the rest of it in a big city, but just as all 
other races are" 

Civic patriotism demands that for the welfare of the city as a whole, 
race prejudice must be lost in a constructive program to provide proper 
housing, full recreational privileges and increased educational opportuni- 
ties or all where they are now lacking. It is necessary to m.ake impos- 
sible a repetition of the experience of the sununer of 1919. 

A Woman's City Club meeting on these questions wil be held, Mon- 
day, January 19th, at 8 o'clock. 

The program will include — 

Carl Sandburg, Chicago Daily News "The Negro in Chicago" 

T. Arnold Hill, "The Migration" 

Dr. Charles Bentley "Justice in the Courts' 

Mrs. Irene Coins, Mrs. Sayer, From the Floor 

After a thoughtful consideration of the social, industrial and educa- 
tional needs of the negroes, the Race Relations Committee decided to or- 
ganized an Inter-Racial Co-operative Committee for Civic Betterment. 

Chapter Six 

Who's Who 



Mrs. Jennie Coleman Me ('lain was born in Springfield, Illinois 
Febrnary 12, 1855. Her ])arenlK, L' niuhum and ^lelissa Coleman, 
who were among the oldest settlers of that city, believed in higher educa- 
and after tlieir danghter's gradnatioii from grammer school at the age 
of 17, sent her to High School to complete her edneation. Ill health 
however, made it necessary to leave school in her third year and seek 
a change of climate. Going to Missonri, she successfnlly tuight school 
in Colnmbia, Meica, Shelbyville and several other towns. 

Mrs. McClain has always been active in religions, fraternal and so- 
cial life. At varions periods of her career, she has creditably filled the 
positions of Organist and later Treasnrer of the Union Baptist Sunday 
School ; Secretary of Zion Baptist Snndav School, the Union Baptist 
Church, Shiloh fVmrt No. 1, H. J.. Estella' Chipter No. 8, O. E. S.. 
John Brown's Woman's Relief Corps No. iiS ; Assistant Secretary and 
later Vice President of the Wood River Baptist Sunday School Conven- 
tion; Grand Most Ancient ^Matron ; of the Grand Court of Heroines 
Grand Lecturer of the 0. E. S., and Matron of the Prince Hall Masonic 
Home at Rock Island. She is also a member of the Executive Board and 
an ardent supporter of the Lincoln Colored Home at Springfield of 
which her life long friend, Mrs. Eva Monroe is matron. 

She has been a tireless worker in the State Federation since its 

organization, has missed only one session in twenty one years and has 

held the offices of Chairman of the Committee on Constitution and By- 
Laws; Assistant Secretary, and President. 


]\Irs. Mary Jane Jackson was boin 
and educated in Galesburg, Illinois. 
After her marriage to Rev. Jackson, a 
prominent Baptist minister, she moved 
to Jacksonville where she became pro- 
minent in church work. Coming to 
Chicago after the deith of her husband, 
she immediately became interested in 
club work and was one of the charter 
members and the first president of the 
Illinois Federation. Failing health 
prevented her attending the biennial of 
the N. A. C. W. in 1901, to which she 
was a delegate and shortly after the 
State meeting at Peoria, in October of 


Mrs. Jennie Coleman McClain was l)orn in Springfield, Illinois 
Febrnary 12, 185.^). Her jiaieiits, L- uiulniin and ^lelissa Coleman, 
who were among the oldest settlers of that city, believed in higher educa- 
and after their daughter's gradnation from gramnier school at the age 
of 17, sent her to High School to complete lier edncation. Ill health 
however, made it necessary to leave school in her third year and seek 
n change of climate. Going to Missnnri, she snccessfnlly tanght school 
in Colnmbia, Meica, Shelbyville and several other towns. 

Mrs. McClain has always been active in religions, fraternal and so- 
cial life. At varions periods of her career, she has creditably filled the 
positions of Organist and later Treasurer of the Union Baptist Sunday 
School ; Secretary of Zion Baptist Sunday School, the Union Baptist 
Church, Shiloh Court No. 1, H. J., Estella' Clnpter No. 3, O. E. S.. 
John Brown's Woman's Relief Corps No. 58: Assistant Secretary and 
later Vice President of the Wood River Baptist Sunday School Conven- 
tion ; Grand Most Ancient ]\Iatron ; of tlie Grand Court of Heroines 
Grand Lecturer of the 0. E. S., and Matron of the Prince Hall Masonic 
Home at Rock Island. She is also a member of the Executive Board and 
an ardent supporter of the Lincoln Colored Home at Springfield of 
which her life long friend, Mrs. Eva Monroe is matron. 

She has been a tireless M^orker in the State Federation since its 
organization, has missed only one session in twenty one years and has 
held the offices of Chairman of the Committee on Constitution and By- 
Laws; Assistant Secretary, and President. 


Mrs. Mary Jane Jackson was boin 
and educated in Galesburg, Illinois. 
After her marriage to Rev. Jackson, a 
prominent Baptist minister, she moved 
to Jacksonville where she became pro- 
minent in church work. Coming to 
Chicago afteri the death of her husband, 
she immediately became interested in 
club work and was one of the charter 
members and the first president of the 
Illinois Federation. Failing health 
prevented her attending the biennial of 
the N. A. C. W. in 1901, to which she 
was a delegate and shortly after the 
State meeting at Peoria, in October of 

.Mrs. Tlici'iisH (J. Macon 


Illinois Federation 


Colored Women's Clubs 

Ml's. 1(1-1 I). Lewis 

Mvs. Eliz.ilK'th L. Davis 

Mrs. Carrie L. llamiltnii 

airs. Annie lj. Andersm 

Mrs. Eva Monroe 

Mrs. Lillian E. .Jameson 

Mi-s. Mai'.y J. Jaekson 

Mrs. Ella Groff 


the same year, she passed away. 

When the State Federation met at 
Jacksonville in 1902, where she had 
been laid to rest, a monument was dedi- 
cated, by the organization, in honor of 
her memory. 


Born in Jackson, Miss., Angust 2, 
1871. Attended the common schools 
and later entered college. Upoai com- 
pletion of her college career, she 
traveled extensively and finally lo- 
cated in Chicago, where she has lived 
for a good many years. 

Fannie Hall Clint is a talented 
elocutionist and has won her place 
in tiiat field of endeavor througii 
a long series of successful appear- 
ances ou Chautauqua platforms and 
in large cities and towns. 

She is well known in club and so- 
cial circles and is identified with the 
Coleridg-e Taylor ]\Iusic and Drama- 
tic School of Chicago. 

<J<ixfu ihi 

By Flo Jamerson Miller 

Eva G. Monroe, was born in, Kewanne, 111. in 1868. After the death 
of her mother in 1880, Eva took on her shoulders, the responsibility of fill- 
ing her mother's place as well as being a sister to six younger children. 
Bravely and well did she perform the task set before her, with the lines 
of the poet ringing in her ears : 

My Master set a task for me to do, 

A fragment in the web of life to weave ; 
And bade me toil, the changing season through, 

Until the fabric finished, I could leave. 

Coming to Springfield in 1898, she soon discovered that work for 
Humanity was as badly needed here as in her old home. , 

Walking along the streets on day, she noticed two ragged little 
children sitting on the doorstep of an old tumbled down shack. 
She stopped and entered into a conversation wth them niid the story of 
misery related to her by these wee dark-skinned waifs, undernourished, 
almost naked and without a decent shelter, coupled with the thought of 
the many aged, infirm and helpless mothers, so impressed her that: 

Bravely she took up her task anew and 

Day by day, in sun or gathering gloom, 

She wrought her Master's work upon the loom. 

In response to the needs of her Race and with only the thought of 
the good she might be able to do for those who needed her help, without 
any idea of where she would secure the necessary means, she contracted 
for the for the purchase of an old delapidated nine room house at 427 
S. 12th Street. From friends and acquaintances, she begged ; furni- 
ture, most meager ; straw, which she placed on the bare floor for beds : 
old paper and pieces of carpet, to place at the windows to keep oiTt the 
cold ; a scuttle of coal to prepare food upon an old broken down stove , 
and then, gathering to her, four of these forgotten waifs and one infirm 
and aged mother, she started the Lincoln Colored Home. 

She labored early and late to secure means to keep her, project going, 
traveled back and forth through the State, begging lier people to help the 
work. Against what odds she fought, at what unreckoned cost, they 
only, who have likewise toiled, may know. But from that time until 
the present day she has been persistent in her efforts and has finally 
established a permanent home, housed in a modern , three story brick 
building on whose cornerstone is inscribed the ''Lincoln Colored Home". 
In 1915, Mrs. Monroe secured a charter for the Mary A. Lawrence In- 

dustrial School for Colored Girls and the Lincoln Industrial School for 
Colored Boys and at present the combined organizations are caring for 
for twenty children and three old ladies. 

Mrs. Monroe has found time in her busy life to extend a helping hand 
in other directions. She is a member of the Illinois Federation and has 
served two terms a.s its president. She has represented the John Brown 
Relief Corps of Springfield in the department convention of the Wo- 
man's Relief Corps, which is an auxiliary to the Grand Army of the Re- 
public and has served the State in several capacities as a member of the 
Executive Board and as a National Delegate, going as one of the Illinois 
Representatives to Salt Lake City in 1909 and to Kansas City in 1916. 
She is also a member of the Methodist Church, the W. C. T. U. and an 
associate member of the Phyllis Wheatley Home Association of Chica- 

She is ready at all times to work for the betterment of humanity 
and does not believe in confining her efforts exclusively to her own 
race, but in helping wherever she can. Should anyone ask her what 
she had done, she might well reply: 

"Whenever there was Holy cause to serve 

Or hearts that ached, or perils that unnerved; 
Wherever there was ardous tasks to do, 

A path to light, a duty to pursue; 
Wherever there was a child to wrest from wrong, 

Or weary souls athirst for love and song; 
Wherever slaves of time cried to be free ; 

My hand was reached. This can be said of me. 

As matron of! the Lincoln Home for the twenty-four years, 
through her efforts, many boys and girls have been able to enter the 
world as good and upright men and women. Mrs. Monroe is one of the 
most energetic and capable women of her Race, ready for any emer- 
gency, faithful to her trust and intensly religious. The past, which 
she has so well employed, has but fitted her for a brighter and more 
successful future. To know her is to know of service freely given, ef- 
fort^ well done and a future to be envied and she will justly deserve that 
final econium ''Well Done, Good and Faithful Servant". 


Mrs. Ida D. Lewis was born Jan., 
1, 1864 at Crawfordsville, Indiana. 
At the ag'e of six, her parents moved 
to Winonia, Minn., where she re- 
ceived ]ier education in the public 
grade and hio-li scliools and the Nor 
mal Colleo-e. Later coming to Chica- 
go, slie became active in Church, Civic 
and Club affairs and established 
a home on the West Side for unfortu- 
nate girls, which later was merged in- 
to the Amanda Smith Industrial 
Home. Her symiiathetic cheei-fn! 
and lovable disposition won for lier 
many friends. She was serving her 
second term as the very capable Presi- 
dent of the State Federation when she 
was called to her reward in November, 


Mrs. Macon was born in Louisville, 
Ky., but came to Chicago with her 
mother and sister at an early age. 
She has been identified with the 
National and State Federations since 
their organization and has served as 
Recording Secretary of the N. A. C. 
W. ; President of the State and the 
Chicago City Federations, the Ida B. 
Wells, and th^ Cornell Charity Clubs. 
She is also, a member of the Board of 
Directors of the Phyllis Wheatley 
Home Association and Vice President 
of the Amanda Smith Home for de- 
pendent (jiirls. In fact, Mrs. ]\Iacon 
is one of the most active and popular 
figures in the club and social life of 
her community. 



Mrs. Carrie Lee Hamilton was born 
in Springfield and educated in the 
schools of that city. After compite- 
ing her course in High School slie 
taught school for a number of years. 
She is an earnest <rh)b woman and 
served as State President for two 
years. She was ai. energetic work- 
er during the war and was a member 
of the Illinois Divisinu of the Na- 
tional Council of Defense Mis 
Hamilton is also, one oL' the rf^cor- 
ding secretaries of tlie N. A. C. W., 
has held high offices in several fra- 
ternal organizations and is now a 
State Probation officer, aside from 
being a good wife and mother. 


Mrs. Lilliam E. Jameson, was born in Evansvillie, Indiana. She 
received her early training in the schools of that city and is a graduates 
of the Evan>sville High School. She is a teaclier of w^ide experience, 
having taught in Kentucky, Illinois and Indiana. She was married to 
Rev. H. W. Jameson of the Illinois Annual Conference in 1903 and be- 
gan her itinerate life as the wife of a Methodist preacher. Serving with 
her husband at JMadison and ^lilwaukee in the State of Wisconsin, 
from which latter appointment, they were transferred to Louisville, 
Kentucky. Returning to the Illinc;as Cr.nference, tliey were stationed nt 
Peoria, where she spent five years and became active in local and state 
club work. Her next appointment, with her husband, was at Decatur, 
from which appointment they were sent to Champaign. 

Her husband was chosen Sunday School Field Secretary of the A. 
M. E. Sunday School Union, and she, absorbed in his work, became an 
expert Sunday School Teacher, specializing in Elementary Work, and is 
now in charge of the Elementary Department of Sunday Schools of the 
Springfield District of the Illinois Annual Conference. She is also 
President of Woman's ]\Iite Missionary Society of the Springfield Dis- 
trict Convention. 

Upon her again moving to Peoria, (1916) she renewed her member- 
ship in the Woman's Aid Club, and became an active member in the 

Thimble Club and the Social Art and Literary Clubs. In 1914, she 
was elected Chairman of the Executive Board of the Illinois Federation 
of Colored Women's Clubs, serving^ in this office for two years and was 
next elected State Organizer (1917-1918 for two years. During her 
term of office as organizer she traveled extensively over the central 
and southern parts of the state and succeeded in arousing a greater 
club spirit among the women and was successful in bringmg in many 
new clubs to be added to the roster. She was elected Stale President, 
which office she held two years (1919-1920) to the satisfaction of all 


Mrs. Annie Laurie Anderson has 
served the State Federation very ef- 
ficiently in the offices of Secretary, 
Chairman of the Committee on Ra 
cial History, State Organizer and 
Vice President and is now ending 
her second year as president. She 
has been a successful teacher in hor 
home town for a number of years 
and is active in church, civic and fra- 
ternal circles. Her address on "The 
Training of Our Girls" received 
favorable comment at the N. A. C. 
W., Biennial at Tuskeegee in 1920. 
Under her administration, the Fed- 
eration became a member of the 
State League of Women Voters. 

i/attu etqnl 


Filled out unexpired term of Mrs. Ida D. Lewis. Is a prominent club woman 
of Monmouth Illinois. 


Mrs. Annie Peyton, the fifth president of the Illinois Federation of Colored 
Women's Clubs was a woman of many sterling qualities. Devoted to her church, active 
in numerous clubs and fraternal organizations, serving in all of them in an ofhcial capac- 
ity, she still found time to devote to her home and family. One of her sons, David 
Peyton, has won distinction as an arranger and composer of music. 

Uaxtu nine 



Mrs. Connie Cnrl-Maxwell was 
born in Cincinnati, Ohio. After 
completing- her education, she very 
sueccesslully taught S''hool in iier 
home town, in Keoknic. Iowa, and in 
Louisville, Ky. L;;ter coming t • 
Chicago, she became active in church 
and club work. She served as the 
first president of the Woman's Civic 
League, which she helped to organize 
i nd has been for :■ n: m')3r of ye irs a 
member of the Phyllis Wheatley 
Home Association. She was in ad- 
dition. Recording Secretary of the 
N. A. C. W. from 1899 to 1900. Af- 
ter twenty years of efficient service 
as Supreme Registrar of Deeds with 
the Supreme Court, Order of Calan- 
the, under the Jurisdiction of the 
Kniglits of Pythias of North Ameri- 
ca, South America, Europe, Asia, 
Africa, and Australia, she retired 
from active club life and is now liv- 
ing quietly in her comfortable home 
at 3523 Vernon avenue, Chicago. 



Born in Ocala, Florida, Oct. 25, 189'J, to Charles and Mamie MeCoj'. 
and has been a resident of Chicago since infancy. After graduating from 
the common schools she attended the Wendell Phillisps High school, grad- 
uating therefrom in 1908. She then went to Nashville, Tenn., where she 
graduated from the Fisk University in 1910. Durjug the next two years 
she took two special courses in civics and philanthropy at the University of 
Chicago Upon completion of her school da.ys she became identified v/ith 
the Cook County Juvenile Court (Chi.-ngo) for 4 1-2 years, that position 
being a civil service appointment She was affiliated with the U.S. depart- 
ment of Labor for one year and served as department head of organization 
and surveys, with the War Camp Community Service. On October 7, 1914, 
married Mr. Harris Barrett Gaines of Henderson, Kentucky. In October, 
1920, she became industrial secretary of the Y. W. C. A., 3541 Indiana ave- 
nue, and is at present its acting secretary. Mrs. Gaines is well known in 
social affairs, is active in welfare circles and is a woman whose merit equals 
her admirable reputation. She is a member of the Woman's City Club, 
Woman's Trade Union League, Illinois Women's Voters' League, District 
Federation of Colored Women's Clubs, University Society and the House 
hold of Ruth, G U. 0. of 0. F., No. 5129. Mrs. Gaines resides' at 3262 
V^ernon avenue. 

•.fiiiii Ivia 


Mrs. Julia Florivel Duncan is a mem- 
ber of one of the oldest families in the 
state of Illinois. She has been identi- 
fied with the State Federation since its 
birtli and has held most of its important 
offices. As president of the Springfield 
Colored Woman's Club, she introduced 
to the Federation, the idea of the 

"Mother's Chain'', in order to stimulate 
and encourage the highest ideals of 

Mrs. Duncan is the proud mother of 
our gallant Col. Otis B. Duncan of the 
"fighting- 8th" regiment. 

The Julia Duncan Auxilary of tlic 
8tli Regiment has recently been or- 
ganized at Springield, in her honor, Mr. 
and Mrs. Duncan celebrated their golden 
wedding anniversary two years ago. 


. r\ One of the native citizens of Chi- 
/ ^ cago who has been a leading figure in 
organized club work, is Mrs. Joanna 
Snowden Porter. During her career of 
activity in civic, social and club work, 
she has successfully held the offices of: 
officer of the Juvenile Protective Ass'n., 
treasurer of the Phllis Wheatley Home 
and numerous others and is now em- 
ployed in the Recorder's office of the 
city of Chicago. As president of the 
Northwestern Federation, she is earnest- 
ly trying tov gather the widely scattered 
race women of the West into a strong or- 
ganization which will mean for them, 
all the splendid opportunities that the 
larger groups of other sections of the 
country are now enjoying 

5ijkj^ tii-. 


President of the Julia Gaston Club, 
Evanston, Illinois, member of the 
Phyllis Wheatley Club of Chicago, ac- 
tive in civic, social and religious 
life and a capable, practical and 
successful business woman. 


President of the Old Folks Home 
Association of East St. Louis, 111., has 
been an earnest and capable worker 
in comnnniity betterment. Under her 
efficient administration, tlie Old Folks 
has had a remarkable growth. 

■%f) f • 


Miss Jennie E Lawrence, the dan-ihter of a Presbyterian Minister, 
was born in Salisbury, N. C. She received her educatioji at Livingston 
College and Scotia Seminary in her home State and was a tea-cher for 
several years before coming to Chicago to enter her chosen field as a 
trained social service worker. She served very efficiently as Superniten- 
dent of the Phyllis Wheatley Home for five years. 

Miss Lawrence was a very earnest club worker fori a number of years 
until her health failed her in 1920. She has taken an active part in all 
local and political affairs, is a member of the People's Movement Club, 
has recently been appointed as delegate from the Phyllis Wheatley Club to 
the League of Cook County Clubs for 1922-23 and is at present employed 
by the Sonthside Property Owner's Association. 

t/iicu li^e 


Ida Wells Barnett, was born m 
Holly S])ring's, Miss, and a danghter 
of James and Lizzie Wells.. She at- 
tended the common schools and later 
the Rnst University.. On June 27, 
1895 she married Ferchnand Lee 
Barnett.. For the last 30 years, Mrs. 
Barnette has been an editor, lecturer, 
and soei 1 service worker. She taught 
school for 7 years in Memphis, Tenn, 
and resigned from that vocation to 
beecme editor and part owner of the 
r\iemphis Free Speech.. 

Mrs.. Barnett has toured the world 
as a lecturer, gaining a world wide 
reputation.. She has always been 
active in social and uplft work and is 
('(;nsi(ler(Ml one of the foremost pio- 
neer club women.. 


Mrs. Fannie Mason is another of the 
pioneer workers in Woman's clubdom. 
She is an ardent religious, civic and 
club worker and is now the president of 
one of the largest political organizations 
in the city. With the assistance of Mrs 
Gabrilla Knightson Smith and several 
other women, she founded the Home 
for Ag-ed and Infirm Colored People in 

■% - 


Born in Fayetteville, Tennessee, edu- 
cated at Nashville and has resided in 
Chicago for a number of years. She is 
active in church, civic and club affairs, 
has served as president of the Frederick 
Douglass Center and is now president 
of the Civic League. 




Mrs. Sarah Shepperd of Peoria is one 
of the leading down-state clubwomen. 
She has been a member of the federa 
tion for a number of years and has held 
many of its important offices. 

As a welfare worker she has become 
especially prominent in her home town. 
She is a former president of the Wo- 
man's Aid Club and a member of the 
City Federation of Women's Clubs of 
Peoria, which includes all clubs regard- 
less of the race, creed or color of their 




Mrs. Eiig'enia Southe Tyler is one of 
the ambitious young women of Chicai>'o 
who ii^; forging- her way ahead in the 
club world and who has rendered effi- 
cient service as secretary, editor and a 
member of the Ways and Means Com- 
mittee of several local clubs and both the 
city and state federations. Mrs. Tyler 
was born in Peoria, but has resided in 
Chicago for a number of years. 


Mrs. Elizabeth Crawley, Vice-President of the Chicago City Federa 
tion, President of the Ideal and the East Side Woman's Clubs aud n motn- 
ber of the Board of Directors of the Phyllis Wheatley Home, has for tli>' 
past two years, wroked untiringly as chairman of the Pei'inaiu'iit Club 
Home Committee to bring about a realization of the vision which s]i" 
brought to the Federation, the purchasing of a eomnuidious liome for tlic 
Clubs belonging to the Northern District. 

Born in Nelson County, Kentucky, A])ril 2, 1868, and is the daughter 
of James and Marandy Gore She attended the common schools in Jefferson 
County, and at an early age located in Louisville, Kentucky. She married 
Mr. William Curtis, who died on Feb. 11, 1899. Mrs. Crawley came to Chi- 
cago in 1903, and on June 8, 1906, she married Mr. Walter Crawley of this 

Jtitu eiqnt 

city. She has one son, William Onrtis. Since coming to Chicago Mr^ 
Crawley has been very active in social and welfare work. She is chairman of 
the execntive board of the District P>deration of Colored Women's Clubs, 
was past chairman, social improvement department, District Federation,' 
Colored Women's (Mubs, and past ]iresident. Ideal Women's Club. Mrs 
Crawley lives .^t 529 East 36th street. 


^' t 

Juia Lindsay Gibson is the second daughter of the late Thomas li. 
and Sophia J. Lindsay and the widow of the late Henry C. Gibson." 
She has been identified with the Illinois Federation since its start and 
has fdled every office in the organization except that of its President 
which, although several times offered to her, she has thus far declined to 
accept. She filled the office of the first President of the Central District 
Federation with credit and the same effiencv that has characterized her 
work ill other fields. She is an earnest Church and Sunday School wor- 
ker, has served as President of the Woman's Aid, the Social and Art 
Literary and is a member of the :\Iutual Aid Clubs and has been especiallv 
active 111 the Household of Ruth and the Eastern Star. In addition she 
has been a delegate to a number of the meetings of the N. A. C. W 

.T.fl^ .* 


Mrs. Cordelia West formerly of Evan- >* 
ston, Indiana was the organizer of the 
Chicago Federation. She is president of 
the Ida B. Wells and several other local 
clnbs and has held almost every office in 
the State Federation. As an ardent poll 
itical worker, she deserves more than 
passing notice for her excellent work 
in local, state and national campaigns. 
Mrs. West is a active church member, 
a loyal friend and a sympathetic hel- 
per in time of need. She at present 
holds a very lucrative position in ths 
Chicago City Hall. 

MRS. uesdem:ona SUBLETT 

Mrs. Desdemona Sublett is one of the 
pioneers in Illinois clnb vvork. She is 
an active member of the Civic League 
of Quinn Chapel, the Board of Man- 
agers of the Phyllis Wheat ley Home 
Association and has held many of the 
most important office in tlie State 
federation. At the last meeting she 
was appointed chairman of the Pioneer 



Mrs. Eva Rouse is a native of 
Cliatham, C^anada, but has lived isi 
Evanston, Jllinois for a number of 
years. She is active in the elub life 
of the city and state. She is p-resl- 
clent of the Iroquois Community 
League and has been one of it 
most earnest workers in promoting 
the very much needed Community 
house, where girls can find health- 
ful I'ecreation, christian gaidanc.3 
and protection. 


Mrs. Gertrude ]\Ioore, fourth president 
of the Phyllis Wheatley Home, is one of 
the conscientious and earnest Chicago 
members of the State Federation. Under 
her administration, the Phyllis Wheat- 
ley Home enjoyed a period of unparalled 
jn-osperity. Her quiet unassuming per- 
sonality has won and helps her to keep 
her manv friends. 




Dr. Miry Fitzbutler Wariiio- has been actively connected witli the 
Illinois State Federation for the past twenty years. She has served as 
Secretary, Stati|stician, Chairman of Education, Chairnian of Hedth, 
and Chairman of the Executive Board. 

In 1914 the Federation selected her as their choice for Nation ril 
Commissioner of the Lincoln Jubilee and her appointment by Governor 
Dunne followed. As a member of Frederick Douglass Memorial Board 
of Trustees at Washington she has been instrumental in raising the 
State's share of money and through her efforts twenty names of Illinois 
Club women and clubs are inscribed on the tablet at Washington, D. C. 

She is the founder and for many years served as president of tlie 

New wily Club which maint ins the Necessity Club Day Nursery ar 
8518 Dearborn stieet. 

She has served as Chairnmn of Health and Hygiene of the National 
Associatien of Colored Woman since 1911, in 1919 she represented the 
National Council of Women and served on the Committee on Better 
Films. In 1918 she spoke at the meeting of the National Conned of 

0>i.v(., tWo 

Wcmpii at the Stitlor Hotel in Saint Louis on the treatment of colored 
people in America. In 1920 she was appointed as a representative by the 
National Council of AVomen to the International Council held in Christina, 
Norway and visited thirteen Europcun countries with the American dele- 

In war work she did more in Chicago than any other woman te put 
things over for the Red Cross. She was chairman of the Auxiliary 
which knitted over 400 sweaters, 260 pairs of socks, over 100 helmets 
and made many hundreds of garment for the people of devastated 
Europe. Also organized and directed until the return of all the soldiers. 
The c nitcen composed of twenty-four colored women who wore the regula- 
tion uniform. 

Dr. Waring met and served all the colored troops passing through 
Chicago. She served as a member of the Illinois State Committee on the 
National Council of Defense and the Mayor's Committee of Chicago 
to welcome returning soldiers. 

After the close of the war she was appointed as a. National Organizer 
of Colored Girls in AVar Camp Community work doing most efficient 
work in St. Louis, Missouri. 

She is a member of the Delta Sigma Theta and affiliated with all 
group movements for the good of the people. 

She graduated in medicine many years ago but has taught in Chica- 
g'D for the ]iast sixteen ye irs. At present she is teaching in the Wendell 
Phillips School and is doing post graduate work in the Chicago Medi- 
cal Scliool from which she will receive a degree this year. 


JMrs. Daisy Renfro, Corresponding 
Secret:^ry of the Federation 1921-22: 
School Teacher aiid active club wo- 
of the Southern District. 

She is now president of the Car- 
boiidah^ Woman's Club. 

o'Lvtu thai'« 


]M^r.s. Wyche, one of the Life mem- 
bers of the Illinois Federation, is presi- 
dent of the State Federation and is a 
member of several important com- 
mittees. Mrs. Wyche was especially 
commended for her splendid service 
diirino' the World War, 


Mrs. Lola Y. Downs is the untiring 
president of the Julia Gaston club of 
Evanstou, Tlliiiois. No woman in the 
State h;^s been more faithful to the 
Federation and tlie local churcii, civic 
and club work than she. 

O^i.vtlj I'o 



Dr. Fannie Emanuel was born ni 
Cincinnati, Ohio, July 31, 1871. On 
February 28, 1888 she married Wm. 
Emanuel of New York City, and 
shortly after located in Chicago. 

In 1908 she took a course in. social 
science at theGraham Taylor School 
of Civics, several years latter attend- 
ed the Chicago College of Medicine 
where she graduated in 1915 with the 
degree of M. D. Dr. Fannie Emanuel 
is well known in social and medical 
circles and is a member of the Board 
of Directors of the Phyllis Wheatlev 



Mrs. Emma Rowland formerly presi- 
dent of the Julia Gaston club of Evan- 
ston is another of the sincere woman 
who have made possible the remarkable 
success of the Illinois Federation. She 
takes an active interest in all affairs 
pertaining to community betterment 
and is always ready to lend a hand 
where there is work to be done. 

dixtu iiVa 


June 14, 1848— March 9, 1918 
Celia Parker was born in Toledo, the daughter of Marcellus Harris 
and Harriet Marie Parker. Her girlhood was spent at Coldwater, JMich.. 
where she was graduated from the Coldwater Female Seminary and was 
later married to Dr. J .H. Wooley (December 29, 1868). She moved to 
Chicago in 1876 and at once became interested in the literary and civic 
life of the city. On October 21, 1894, she was ordained as a minister in 
the Unitarian Fellowship at Geneva, Illinois. In 1904 she organized the 
Frederick Douglas Center, 

This story would be incomplete without a tribute of respect and lov- 
ing appreciation to the memory of that rare and gifted soul who has en- 
tered into the realm of eternal silence. She was easily approached, with 
an ear ever-ready toi hear our story of .ioy or sorrow, hope or dispnir. 
She was interested in all our organizations and institutions from our 
smallest local club to our great N. A. C. W., and was a valued and helji- 
ful member of our State Federation. 

Our friends are few and far between and the number grows smaller 
as the years go by. No words are adequate to express our grief for the 
passing of Mrs. Wooley, one of thp truest friends we ever had. The 


gentle voice is still, tlie busy hands are folded, the sympathetic heart has 
ceased to beat, we cannot pierce the hidden folds of the Great Beyond, 
where her fearless soul is rising to higher planes of progress, but we 
can and we will keep her memory green in the hearts of a grateful people 
for whom she labored and endured much, and who are better and stronger 
because she lived and walked among them. 



Born in Quincy, Illinois, and is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Sapping- 
ton, well-known citizens of Quincy,. She attended the common schools of 
Quincy and Springfield, Illinois. On Dec. 26, 1894, she married Henry Sher- 
man Goins, of Robinson, Illinois. Mrs. Goins and her husband came to 
Chicago in 1895, and in 1898 she engaged in the millinery business for her 
self which she conducted successfully until 1898. Since coming to Chicago 
;jhe has been very active in social and welf sre work and was president oJ' 
the City Federation of Colored Women's Clubs, 1919-1921. From 1918 to 
1920 she was in the employ of the U. S. Employment Service and rendered 
valuable servics to the local Red Cross during the World War. Mrs. Goins 
is a member of the executive board, Illinois League of Women Voters; vice- 
president, Illinois Federation of Colored Women's Clubs; vice-president 
Inter-Racial Co-Operative Committee; Executive Board of Women's Trade 
Unon League. She is well knowTi in social affairs, and resides at 2942 Prai- 
rie avenue. 

cJlxiu Aden 





Mrs. Eliza Johnson was born in Oxford, Miss., bnt has resided in 
Chieap'o for the past twenty-five years. Slie has been active in all clul) 
and civic affairs, the welfare of nnfortnnate children particularly appeal- 
ing to her and is one of the most tireless and conscientions) workers in the 
City Federation. Mrs. Johnson has during her club career, held a num- 
ber of important offices among which are : Third President of and later 
Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Phyllis Wheatley Home and 
President of the Necessity Club in which organization she devoted mucJi 
time to the club's Day Nursery. At present, head of the Louise D. Mar- 
shall Auxiliary of the 8th Regiment, organized in June of 1921, she and 
her co-workers have in the short period of existence of the Auxiliary, 
raised over $1,000.00. 

This sum was used to improve the lighting and to decorate the Armo^-y 
and to help defray the cost of one hundred and forty-two troes planted 
along Giles avenue in memory of those heroes of the Regiment who died on 
the battle fields of France. Tlie success of the recent dedication of Giles 
avenue (formerly Forest) avenue in memory of Lt. George L. Giles, the 
only officer of the 8th to give liis life for his Country, was largely contribu- 
ted to by this group of women. 


!♦ *"?» 



Mrs Mary Burton of Sparta, Illinois, 
is one of the very sincere club workers 
in her community and was one of the 
leaders in the organization of the Sparta 
Woman's Club of which she is now presi- 
dent. At the last meetino- of the State 
Federation, Mrs. Burton was appointed 
chairman of the :\Iother's Department 


Madame Bertha L. Hensley was bora 
in Springboro, Warren County, Ohio, 
and was at an early age noted for hev 
musical talent. She has been for a num- 
ber of years an active and energetic 
W()rker in Chicago civic and club iit'- 
fairs. She was the 2nd president, is a 
mei!iber of the Board of Directors and 
e'hairman of the Tag Dav Committee 
of the Phyllis Wheatley Home. She is 
also Chaperon of the Elite Social Chari- 
ty Club. Madame Hensley is particular- 
ly interested in juvenile welfare and 
spends a great deal of her time in 
caring for unfortunate children in the 
city courts. As one of the city's lead- 
ing modistes she has built up a very 
successful business. 

S..v<y n.r 


Amanda Smith was born a slave in Lono' Green, ^Maryland, Jan., 
23, 1837. She died at Sebrino^, Fla., Feb., 23, 1915. In the family was 
thirteen children, of whom seven were born slaves. Their freedom was 
purchased by their thrifty father who first bought his wife and then 
his children, one by one, until all were free. Of this large family only 
one sister remained to to watch with tender solicitude Amanda's declining 

In early childhood Amanda Smith showed unusual ability. Capable 
and pious, she soon enlisted in church wcn-k and before she had attaiiu^d to 
womanhood she became an evangelist. Later in 1883, her wonderful ef- 
fectiveness as a temperance lecturer brought an invitation form Lady 
Somerset, England, to which she responded with a promise of a three 
months season of work under the auspices of the W. C. T. IT., of which 
Lady Somerset was president. Her success in London and Liverpool was 
so remarkable that instead of a short stay of three months, her service 
were continued for twelve years lu'caching the gospel and temperance in 
England, Ireland, Scotland, India, Ja]):ni and Africn. Then she came 
home to Chicago to give the proceeds of her life work to bless orphan 

_ At the age of 60 years, she founded the Amanda Smith Orphan Hom(3 
by investing $10,000 — every cent of her life's savings, leaving herselr' 
penniless in her old age. Maintained by her tireless efforts, the work 


grew, blessed by her prayers, liallowed by her sacrifices and watered bj^ 
her tears. Through dark and discouraging days, she kept her lonely vigils 
supported by a faith which never failed. 

Finally success came througli a reorganization which placed the work 
under State control and made its permanence assured. Just as the silver 
lining fringed the clouds which had da-rkened the years of her devotion to 
the great work she had ordained, there came the welcomed msesage call- 
ing her from labor to reward. 


Born in Muscatine, Iowa and has lived in Chicago for a number of 
years. She is a charter member of the State Federation and the Phyllis 
Wheatley Home and a prominent member of the Order of the Eastern 





The subject O'f this sketch, Mrs. Ethel McCracken-Cleaves, is a native 
of Illinois, having been born in Alton ; the younger of two girls, Orleans 
and Ethel McCracken whose parents are thei Rev and Mrs. Newton J. 

When quite young her parents moved to Chicago, where she was educat 
ed. After her graduation from High School she attended Wilberforce 
University and upon the completicn of her wMirk tliere taught school in 
Colconda aaid Carbondale, Illinois, until her marriage when she returned to 
Chicago and became a te.icher in the ])ul)lic schools of that city 

As a club woman, she Ins been an ardent worker, serving as ju'esi- 
dent of the Young Matron's Culture Club and as pssistant recording and 
recording secretary of botli the city and State Federations. Mrs. M,e- 
C^racken was the organizer of the Annual United Bazaar Connnittoe, which 
gave amnud affairs and donated its proceeds to the Phyllis Wheatley 
and tlie Ohl Folks' Homes. She is ;)lso a iiieiiibci- of tli« Phyllis Wheatley 
and the Volnnteer Workers' Clubs. 

iveOt'iiiu IWo 


The subject of this sketch was born iu Galesbiiro:, 111., on May 2G, 
1859, and was the onlj- danghter of James and Clarissa (Richardson) Can- 
non, The Richardsons and two other families were the first settlers of 
I-^Tiox County and organizers of the ^lethodist Church there. ]\Irs. Allen 
was educated for a missionary in the Monmouth schools with the intentions 
of teaching in foreign fields. She is' the mother of 20 children. 12 deceased. 
Eight have been reared to man and womanhood and educated in the Gales- 
burg schools. She is a prominent pioneer in club work, being president of 
the Autumn Leaf Club and one of the organizers of the Woman's Progress- 
ive Club. She is a ward worker and member of the Republican Club of 
the county, a strong advocate for the temperance cause and women's 
suffrage, Past Worthy iMatron of Patron Chapter No. 18, 0. E. S., and 
Stewardess of Allen Chapel A. M. E. Church. Mfs. Allen is a pioneer 
worker in the Illinois State Federation of Colored Women's Clubs and 
tlirouali the efforts of Ag'nes Moody attended the Federation first in 
Peoria when Mrs :\I. J. Jackson was president. 

c'cOsnlu Uixcc 



Emma Parker, the youngest daughter of the late Jo&ephus and Mary 
Parker was born in Princeton, Indiana, December 8, 1864. She was 
educated in the grammer and high schools of Princeton, attended the 
Teachers' Normal School in 1884 and tanght in Monroe Citv, Indiana, 
ia 1885. 

On September 26, 1886, she married Tohias J. McDougal of Chicago. 
For over thirty years she has been a resident of the beautiful Chicago 
suburb of Beverly Hills, where she has raised a family of seven cliildren 
six of whom are living. Left a widow in 1904, she took up the task of 
educating her family with the result that ; Martha Grace, the youngest 
child is now a competent stenographer and a ]iupil of the Chicago Univer- 
sity of Music ; Horace Mprgan, is a Senior in the School of Commerce and 
Administration of the Northwestern University; Elmer, is a Railway 
Mail Clerk and Lemuel Girrard, is a student of architecture at Armour 
Institute of Technology. 

Mrs. McDougal entered club work about twelve years ago and has 
served a.s President of the Ideal Woman's and the Ida H. Wells clubs ;;nd 
was a delegate to the first Constitutional Convention which met at the 
Congress Hotel. She was on the i)rogram of the League of Cook C(Hinty 

Clubs and ,sul)niitted a paper that was a credit to her Club and the Race. 
Ill 1919 she was a delegate to Tuskegee from Chicago and Northern Dis- 
trict Federation, where she was appointed Chairman of Transportation for 
for the State, to the National Convention in Richmond in 1922. 

For over thirty years, Mrs. McDongal has been a member of Bethel 
A. M. E. Church and for a great part of that time served as a Stewardess 
of the Church 


]Mrs. Mary Smith, president of the 
Study Club composed of a group of 
young college women, who specialize in 
research work in Drama and Literature, 
is one of the younger set of the women s 
club world. Mrs. Smith has been in- 
valuable as a worker among women and 
children for the Urban League and has 
been recently appointed as a visiting tea- 
cher by the Board of Education of Chi- 
cago. She is the first colored woman 
to hold such a position and those wiio 
know her have no doubt that she will re- 
flect credit upon herself and her race. 


e>c^cn<u fi^i 



Mrs. Ella G. Berry was born in Stanford, Kentucky, but spent the 
earlier art of her life in Louisville, where she recei^'ed her common and 
high school education. Since coming to Chicago Mrs. Berry has been ac- 
t ive in club, fraternal and church work and very few women are better 
known in political circles. 

She has been a member of the Cornell Charity Club since 1913, and 
has been untiring in her efforts to promote the work of the City and State 

Mrs. Berry was always very pronounced in her suft'ragist tendencies 
and even before votes were given to women, she was an earnest student of 
l)olitical economy and seemingly graduated with honors about the time of 
the emancipation of her sex. Among the important positions that .she 
has held, in the field of political endeavor are: State organizer of Hughes 
Colored women's clubs for the National Republican IleadquaLrcrs in 191!) ; 
investigator for the Commission on Race Relations, a|)|;oiiited by ex-Gov. 

Lowdeii; Federal ('ensus EiiuineiMloi- in 1920, and i)resideiit oi" the 
Woman's Seeond Ward i'roteetive Le.yue, an org :iiiz:i.ti;)n whieh has tic 
its ohjeets tlie strengtliening of politie:; in the AVard, charity and Juvenik- 

She has recently heen ; ppointed as Home Visitor in the Department oT 
JubKe Welfare, wliidi gives her the enviable distinction of being the first 
Colored perso]) to hold a ]iosition in that depjrtment. 


Born in Fort Scott, Kans s, Miiy 4, 1886 and attend the common 
schools ill Fort Scott. When 14 years of age, she came to Chicago aifd 
for two years attended the Sonth Divsioii High School. On June 23, 1903 
she married James H. Anderson, of New Orleans, La, who died on August 
27, 1920. She has one daughter, Mary Anderson. Mrs Anderson embark- 
ed in the Beauty Culture field in 1913 and is having a successful career.. 
She rendered invaluable aid to the United Chn-ities during the World 
War; is well knov\ai in social and welfare circles and has been President of 
the American Rose Art Club for the past 2 years, having been a member 
of the Club for 9 years. jMrs. Anderson resides at 3335 Vernon avenue. 


Born inTopeka, Kansas October 28, 1877, and is the dauhter of Jason 
a>nd Mary Scott. She attended the common schools in Topeka and came to 
Chicago in 1884, where she lias remained ever since She had a natural 
tendency for designing- ladies' wearing apparel, and several years after 
coming to Chicago she embarked into business for herself as a high-class 
modiste and gained considerable reputation in that field of endeavor. On 
March 13, 1913, she married Mr. Frank Otey, of Lynchburg, Va. Mrs. Otey 
moves constantly in social and welfare circles and rendered valuable aid 
with theKit and Comfort Club during the World War in conjunction with 
the local Red Cross. She is a past president and member of the Clara- 
Jessamine Club, is a member of the Beacon Light Court No 1, K. ofP. ; 
Ladies' Auxiliary, Railroad Men's Club Noi. 79; has been identified with 
the Phpllis Whetttley (Uub for many years and was formerly a member on 
the advisory board of the Phyllis Wheatley Home for about eight years. 


Born in Jersey County, Illinois, May 18, 1886 and is the daughter of 
Isaac and Elizabeth Weaks, early settlers of JerseyCounty, She attended 
the connnon schools in Jersey County and upon reacliing the age of 12 she 

was taken to Alton, Illinois, where she remained four years. In 1902 she 
went to Springfield, Illinois, where she lived two years and incidentally be- 
came identified with the Sunshine Club, of that city, later becoming its 
president: In 1904 she came to Chicago to engage in the millinery busi- 
ness for herself, and has remained here ever since. On June 9, 1909,she 
married Mr. Grant Williams, who also comes from Jersey County, Illinois 
Mrs. Williams since coming to Chicago has been prominent in social and 
welfare circles. She did considerable work with the Second Ward Club for 
the local Red Cross during the World War She is a past president and 
member of the American Art Rose Club and the Town of Lake Charity 
Club, is a member of the Truste's Aid Club of the Community Center 
Church and is chairman of the blind reading room. 


President of the Volunteer Workers Club, born in Detroit, Michi- 
gan, but has resided in Chicago for the past 38 years. 

C^e^cntu nine 


Sadie Lewis Adams, born in Staunton, Va., p'raduated from the public 
school of Staunton and Hartshorn College, of Richmond, Va. Served as 
teacher and secretary of Sunday school of John Wesley Mj E. Church; also 
first president of Young- People's Lyceum of above church. Teacher in the 
public school of Staunton until her marriage, June, 1892, to James P. 
Adams. Devoted first 17 years to the rearing of her children, »• wo girls and 
a boy, to maturity, then began active club work Moved to Chicago in 1910 
and became an active member of St. Thomas E. P. Church. Served as r^"- 
cording secretary of the Dorocas Society and is now president of the Dorcas. 
Also served as recordi ng secretary for the's Home Missionary So- 
ciety; is a charter member of the Gaudeamus Charity Club, having served 
for years as recording secretary and three years as president.; charter 
members of Clara-Jesomiiie Club and served for two years as recording 
secretary; charter member of the Baby Relief Club and then first vice- 
president ; member of the Inter-Racial Cirlcle, whose work was to assist 
the Amanda Smith School for Girls, located at Harvey, 111. ; a member of 
the Woman 's City Club and an associate member of the Y. W. C. A. and. 
Chicago Urban League ; served for several years as treasurer of the building 
fund for Amanda Smitli School for Girls at Harvey, ill., serving as mem- 
ber of the Inter-Racial Co-Operatives comuuttee of Chicago; also as a 



iiher of tlie Illinois Home and Aid Society Board; was one of the first 
^^roiip of women who served on election boards, ^Mrs. Adams serving as 
judge and clerk; also served as school census enumerator for board of edu- 
cation in 1916; attended National Equal Rights League in Washington, 
1916, delegate from Alpha Suffrage club, the only delegate from the state 
of Illinois ; served as v-president and secretary of the Alpha Suffrage Club 
the first suffrage club of Colored women in Chicago; attended the ^Illinois 
Equal Suffrage League as delegate from Chicago Federation to two conven- 
tions held in Chicago; April, 1922, was elected delegate to the Pan-American 
Congress National League, Women Voters' Convention held in Baltimore, 
Md. ; was the only Colored delegate from the state of Illinois. Record of 
Mrs. Adams' war work: First gave her only son to fight for world democ- 
racy. He was a bugler in Company "F", .365th Inf., was wounded and 
gassed; finally honorably diseharged ; gave three hours each day twice a 
week for child welfare work at Provident Hospital, weighed and measured 
the babies and wrote record cards ; also gave two honrs a day, once a week 
to register women for war work; for services rendered, received a sleeve 
band" as a mark of honor from "the women's committee, State Council of 
Defense;" served on citizen's committe to welcome home the 370th Inf. 
Regt. (old 8th) from the battlefields of the world's great war in li^ance; 
also the 365th Regt. when they returned to the United States; is amem- 
ber of Cornerstone No 82, Order of Eastern Star; Liberty Court No. 44,Or- 
der of Calantlie ; ]\Iaid Marian Foresters and Easter LilyClub. After serv- 
nig as parliamentarian and fii-st vice-president of Chicago and Northern 
District Federation of C. W. Clubs was elected president in 1921; also 
served as chairman of civic department of City Federation ; now serv- 
ing the second term as Chairman of the Civic and Labor committee for 
the Ilhnois Federation of Colored Women's Clubs. 


Mrs. Sarah Scott, 6144 Carpenter street, is the wife of Charles E. 
Scott, Past Eminent Commander of Godfrey Connnandery No. 5. For the 
past 25 years ]\Ei-s. Scott has been a deaconess oi the M. "e Church and a 
promnient worker in the Order of the Eastern Star. For 30 years she 
has worked in behalf of various welfare and charitv clubs and at present is 
the president of the Ladies' Labor of Love Club. She has built up its 
membership, made many friends for the club and herself, and so manage<i 
affaii-s that the club furnished all the fittings for the bath room of the Old 
Folks' Home at 4430 Vincennes avenue. 



Mrs. Mattie Johnson Yoiiny was reared in ^Mississippi, but went to 
Memphis, Tenn., when she was old enono-h to earn her own living and 
worked there until she moved to Chicago. While living in Memphis, she 
made many friends among the best people there, by the same earnest ef- 
fort and thorough manner of doing- her work, which enabled her to attain 
and hold for twenty years, the distinction of being the only colored sales- 
lady ever employed by the firm of Siegal and Cooper of Chicago. 

By her tact, impartial courtesy and unfailing good humor she was 
one of the most successful .saleswomen of the hundreds who were employed 
there. As she was the only colored one on the whole floor, she was her- 
self a demonstration to thousands as to her race's capability and the 
race owes here a debt of gratitude for what she has done along this line. 

Her opportunities for school were meager, but she was determined to 
learn and she seized every o])portunity which came in her way to make up 
for her defiencies, and she has nobly succeeded. Many an evening after 
standing all day behind the counter, Miss Johnson ate a hurried supper, 
got her books and started out again for night school. In this way she 
kept abreast of tlie times and her business. 

^u|(!iij iw. 

In the same way she has become one of the most zealous members ot! 
the Bethesda Baptist Church and has for a number of year served as a 
member of the Board of Directors of the Phyllis Wheatley Home Asso- 

After the disruption of the firm of Seg'iel and Cooper, Mrs. Young 
became a member of the sales force of the Public Life Insurance Com- 
pany, with which she is now making an enviable record. 


Born in Columbia, IMissouri, Past President of the City Federation 

and the Volunteer Workers Club; Chairman of the Executive Board of 

the State Federation and President of the Phyllis Wheatley Home. An 

active earnest worker in all ehureh, civic and social affairs of the City 

and State. 

t^tqmu {nice 




Grace Wilson, member of Chicago Union Charity Club, wanted to do 
real work and went to, Chicago School of Civcis and Philanthrophy. She 
took a course in social work and was assigned to the investigation depart- 
ment of the Negro Fellowship League under Mrs. Ida B. Wells Barnett in 
the city of Chicago. 

She took the examination for matron for the State Training School fo>' 
Girls at Geneva, Illinois, was certified and appointed, being the first Colored 
woman to hold a civil service position in that institution. She held that 
position for two years and tlien took the policewoman examination for the 
police department in the city of Chicago. She was ceritfied and appointed 
and now holds that position and has the honor of being the first Colored 
woman to receive a eis il appointment for such a position in Chicago. She 
has been given creditable mention by the chief of police for efficiency mid 
has won several medals for shooting, the one from the Chicago Daily 
News contest given for the police. Many arrests and convictions are given 
to her credit, murderers among them. She has many friends and Chicago 
is proud of her only policewoman. 

u>ianlu LQi 


Mrs. Fannie Turner came to Chicago in 1904 and her activity in 
club work dates from her arrival. She is a charter member of the Ideal 
Woman's Club and was elected second Vice President of the City Fed- 
eration in 1909, serving in that capacity until June 9, 1910, when both 
the president and the first vice president having been called from labor 
to reward, she served the unexpired term and was elected as president 
for the balance of 1910 and 1911. During her administration she exerted 
every effort to build up the Chicago City Federation and before pass- 
ing out of office was successful in raising its membership to- thirty-three 
clubs. Mrs. Turner's efficiency and interest in club work is amply evi- 
denced by the following list of offices which she has held. Chairman 
of the Executive Board of the City Fedration (1911), President of the 
Katie D. Tillman Club (1914-17), Vice Chairman of the Executive 
Board (1916-17), third Vice President (1917-19 and first Vice President 
of the State Federation (1918-20), and President of the Ideal Woman's 
Club (1920). Since entering Illinois club work she has missed only one 
National, one State and two City Federation meetings and those on ac- 
count of tlie many duties mentioned. She has not neglected her home, 
her husband and her family of thirten children. 

iij Mil li'ie 


Mrs. Pearl Powell, Murphyboro, 111., 
is one of the younger women of the 
Federation and is now serving as a mem- 
ber of the Ways and means Committee. 
As president of the Golden Seal Club, 
she is doing splendid work for the better- 
ment of her community. 


]\Irs. Ella Johnson is one of tlie iiio- 
neer workers in the fields of organized 
club activities. She has sei'ved for over 
ten years as the very capable treasurer 
of the Phyllis Wheatley Woman's club. 


Mrs. Irene B. Moore, born in Ken- 
liicky he's, since her residence in Chicago 
go, become one of the leading figures 
in local club work. She is at present 
the very efficient secretary of several 
large and well known organizations 
and seems destined to be one of the fu- 
ture leaders in the State federation. 



Born ill Brock]M)rt, N. Y., and 
married S. Lang Williams. Attended 
tlie eommon schools, Brockport Colle- 
giate Institute, New England Conser 
viitory of Boston, Mass, and the school 
of Pine Arts, Washington, D. C. 

Mrs. Fannie Barrier Williams firs! 
come into public notice during the 
"World's Columbian Exposition."' 
By a surprising display of wit and 
elo(|uence she won from the board oi:' 
Control some recognition of tlie 
American Negro in the Exposition. 

When it was determined to hold a 
Council of Representative Women of 
the World in connection with the Ex- 
position, she was selected as an in- 

teresting rejH'esentative of the colored 
people. Her address on "The In- 
tellectual Progress of Colored Wo- 
men'' before that body created a pro- 
found impression.. 

In the great "Parliament of Reli- 
gions" Mrs. Williams was again se- 
lected to say something of historic 
interest on the subject, "What Can 
Religion Further Do to Advance the 
Cnuse of the American Negro?" 

The address was delivered before 
the representatives of the world's 
gre it religions and is esteemed as one 
of the remarkable utterances of that 
notable occasion. Extracts from this 
address are to be found in all com- 
plete publications of the gre it "'Par- 
liament of Religions. ' 

After the close of the Columbian 
Exposition, Mrs. Williams recei\'t:d in- 
vitations from all parts of the country 

C9iqntu A4iA!«.n 

to de iver he* addresses. 

The peculiar evidence of her merit 
as an interesting speaker is the fact 
that she has always been asked to re- 
peat her addresses in the same places. 
She has been an especial favorite of 
the great women's organizations. 

She is a member of the Board of 
Directors of the Phyllis Wheatley 


It was Mrs. Nora F. Taylor of Chicago, one of the most widely knowi^ 
Evangelists in the country, who brought to the Federation the idea of 
creating a fund for the establishment of the Monrovian Mission on the 
West Coast of Africa. 

The raising of funds to carry out this project has been one of the main 
objectives of the Federation's efforts since the acceptance of Mrs. Taylor's 
idea and its realization will be an event of the near future. 

Mrs. Taylor is always busily engaged in club and fraternal work and 
has served in many of the liighest State offices. She expects, when the 
Mission is established, to carry her work to Africa. 


Minnie A. Collins, was born in 
Ohio and has been a resident oi 
Chicr.go for many years, she is the 
wife of Robert I. Collins and is 
well known in club and social cir- 

j\Ir.s. Collins s one of the pioneer- 
Club women of Chicago, has been 
identified with Phyllis Wheatley 
Club for 20 years, is chairman of 
the Board of Managers of the 
i hyllis Wheatley Home and is ac- 
tive in cliurch work. 

G)iaK(u eiaKt 


Was born in Kaskaskia, Illinois, the tirst settlement of the state. Her 
father, Louis UeRonsse, came from Pahis, France, and was one of the 
i'nctors in the settlement of Illinois. After his death her mother brought 
the little Eva to Chicago, then a primitive city, where she attended the old 
Clark Street school. She finished school at Champaign, Ililinois, and was 
married there. She, is the mother of three children and through her efforts 
they received excellent educations. After the death of her husband she 
established a hair business in Springtield, Illinois, which grew to be one of 
the largest in the country, and in which she educated many of our girls, 
who are now conducting successful business in different parts of the United 
States. Although leading a strenuous business life she never neglected to 
assist those who were willing to attempt the same, as her motto has trul\^ 
been "Lifting as we Climb.'' 

Wherever she has lived she has left marks of her devotion to others, 
and many are blessing her for untiring and unselfish efforts. Li 1902 
she retired from business and moved to Chicago. She placed her church 
membership in the Institutional A, M;. E. church and was cM untiring 
worker there as well as in club work. 

In 1904 she married Dr. John T. Jenifer, historinn of the A. M. E. 

l^iqhjji nit 

Clnircli, ; went to live i]i Baltimore, Maryland. She at once saw the need 
of organization there. She called together a large number of refined, in- 
telligent Christian women and placed the need of community clubs before 
them. They favored the movement, so that when the National Federation 
met in Brooklyn, New York, 22 clubs were brought in, the largest number 
of clubs brought in the Federation at one time. There stands today in the 
city of Baltimore a monument of her work in the Eva Jenifer Community 
Hoine for Girls. By all she is loved and honored for her work she did 
while there. 

In 1910 she and her husband went to Chicago, Illinois, to make their 
liome. Seeing the need of a Y. W. C. A. for our girls there she started the 
one that is in existence there now, stood at the helm with her knowledge of 
that work and/ financed it for two years, dod blessed her efforts for' it is 
continuing to grow and do much good. During the late war she was one 
of the most ardent workers in the Red Cross and Canteen work, also 
graduating as a Red Cross nurse. 

After the death of Dr. Jenifer, she decided in 1919 to make her 
home in Hot Springs National Park, Arkansas, and spend the remainder 
^1* ]ier years in rest and grow flowers and raise chickens. So she built a 
bungalow on one of the hills of that city, surrounded by the beau- 
<^ifnl Ozark mountains. It was not long though before she found that 
her work was not yet ended, and altho she felt she had reached the* top of 
tbe hill and was going down on the shady side, she could not resist the 
temptation to help these struggling people. She put new life in the 
clubs she found here, organized several more, federated them and was mad» 
]-)resident of the City Federation. She inspired them to improve an Old 
Folks' Home property they own and it is now repaired, painted and pa- 
pered and one of the most beautiful places in Hot Springs. 

The court, hearing of her work, mad© her truant officer over the Col- 
ored children of the city, and they saw the morals of the city have been 
greatly improved thru her efforts. Her unassuming ways and kindly spirit 
has won for her many friends, and pen cannot tell the many deeds -k kir.d- 
ness she done. 



Mrs. Eiiiina l)e rourlaiuler, presi- 
>'piit of tlic Xew Alctli'),'! liulustrii! 
' lul), is active in I'r, chi!) 
11(1 roli<ii()iis circles. 


Mrs. Myra Hunter Reeves, organi- 
zer of the Yoiuio' Matrons Culture 
Club, also its presdient for two years 
and tliree months, was secretary of 
the Executive Board of the (^ity 
Federation and Org-anizer. At pre- 
sent she is chariman of tlie Ways and 
Means of the Northwestern Federa- 
tion of Women's Club. 

JMrs. Reeves won the diamond ring 
in tlie prize essay contest, and has 
done a great deal in the way of co- 
operation between the schools and tlie 
connnunity. She is at present con- 
nected with the Liberty Life In- 
surance Company. 

^XlnU, or 


Mrs. Rutii E. Griffetts, presidei t 
of the Benevolent Worker's Club of 
Marion. She is one of the very ac- 
tive and successful clown-state wor- 


Ijizzie Huster, secretary of 
Benevolent Worker's Club, Clarion 
is one of the ])romising' club wo- 
wonien of the youn<''er set. 

t/(.iiitu IvJo 


Mrs. Ruth Steele, president of th*? 
Young Married Ladies' Industrial 
Club ; Parliamentarian of the City 
Federation and a earnest club wo- 


Velia Armstronji', born in Toluea, 
Illinois, February 21, 1897 and is the 
daughter fi Andrew and Gerti-ude 
Wh liner. She came to Chicago at un 
early age, where she attended the 
common schools. On September 10, 
she married "Sir. Rex Armstrong of 
Knoxville, Tenn. ]\Irs. Armstrong 
has a character of sterling excellence 
and is well known r.nd active in social 

She is a ]xtst ])resident and mem- 
ber of the East Side Women's Club; 
is a member of the Ideal Woman's 
Club ; is..Chairman of the Charity De- 
partment of the Chicago District 
Federation of Colored Woman's 
Clubs ; is also a meml)er of the Olivet 
Baptist Church. ^Irs. Armstrong re- 
sides at 4822 St. Lawrence avenue. 

9li„tj, ifi 


Mrs. ]Melvina Cotton lias been an ac- 
tive member of the Civic and Social 
life of Peoria for a number of years. 
The AVoman's Aid Club was organiz- 
ed in her home and she served for 
several years as its first President. As 
one of the trustees of the Community 
House conducted by the Club, she has 
given evidence of her business ability. 
She is oiie of the most faithful mem- 
bers and earnest supporters of Ward 
Chapel A. M. E. Church and has done 
splendid work in the Federation. 


c/LiiiUi lain 


er oeven 



Chicago, Illinois. 

The Phyllis AVheatley Home for self-supporting girls purchased in 
li)!:! is the leacliii<>' and most valuable institution in the State. Oeeu])yiii,L>' 
a commodious and well built brown stone building at 3256 Rhodes ave, 
of the Phyllis ^Yhe:ltley Home Association, an organization that greiw out 
of the Phyllis AVlieatley Club, which established the first home at 3530 
Forest avenue in 1908. 

The object of the Phyllis Wheatley Home Association is to maintain 
a home which will solve the problem of the colored girl or woman of good 
character who come to Chicago for the purpose of advancement, often 
without relatives, friends oi money; to surround them with Christian in- 
fluences, to elevate the standard of employment and to provide a social or 
community center. 

'iOl.nty \U^ 

Group of Phyllis Wheatley Girls 

The occupants of the Hoine come through the Traveller's Aid Society 
through correspondence, and through the directions of organizations recog- 
nizing the reliability ot* the Home and the advantage of its protection. 

There is no endowment fund to support tliis institution, which fact 
gives it the unique distinction of being the oidy institution of its kind that 
has beenmanaged entirely by race women and supported almost entirely 
by colored people. 

The migration fi-oni the Soutli luis greatly increased the work of the 
Home. Its facilities are far from ade(|uate to accomodate the large num- 
ber of applicants for admission. However, the executive board has, for 
tlie past few years, bcnl all its energies to paying off the balance due on 
the mortgage and have succeeded in I'lMlucing it, on the i)roperty valued at 
$25,000.00, to less than $2,000.00. 



Chicago, Illinois 

The Necessity Club Day Nursery, 3518 Dearborn street, Chicago, 

represents the attainment of the goal of the Necessity Club whose members 

'1 few vears raised over $1,000.00 which was applied on the purchasing 

and remodeling of the building opened in 1920 as a day nursery under the 

auspices of the Chicago Day Nursery Association. 


Cairo, Illinois 

The Yates Memorial Hospital, Cairo, was opend in December of 
1916 by the Yates Woman's Club which had struggled for over twelve 
years under the leadership of Mrs. AVilliam H. Fields, to establish and 
maintain, for our raee group, an institution that would assure efficient 
and fair treatment, highly skilled medical service and a congenial envi- 

This institution not only meets a great need in Cairo, but receives pa- 
tients from many of the surrounding towns. Annual tag days, musicals, 
bazaars, etc., are some of the means by which the Woman's Club is en- 
abled to accept for treatment, every sufferer, whether with or without 
means to pay for the service rendered. 


Decatur, Illinois 

The Lillian Jamieson Home was founded by the Big Sisters Club of 
Decatur, and named in honor of ]\Irs. Lillian Jamieson while she was 
serving as president of the State Federation. Its object is to provide 
a home for girls of that city, who have no relatives or friends and who 
need to be safeguarded and housed at reasonable rates. 


Danville, Illini)is 
The Woman's Aid Club House was purchased in 1907 by the Woman's 
Aid Club to give the Club and its Juvenile auxiliary a permanent place to 
hold ther meetings. The club house has become a great asset f jr communi- 
ty betterment and as a recreation center for the yoimg people. 

Evanston, Illinois 

'IMic Iroquois Connuiinity League of Evanston lias worked long and 
faithfully, uiulci' the efficient leadei'shiii of Mrs. Eva Rouse, to meet t'ne 
need of a recreation center for the girls of their city. The beaiitiful Iro- 
(|uois Coininunity lloine was conti'acted for in 19'21 and the Club ex- 
pects to open it when the present tenant's lease expires in 1923. 




Peoria, Illinois 

Some years ago the Woman's Aid Chib pnrcliased a piece of proper 
ty improved with a nine room house, to be used as a meeting place. They 
have recently decided to have a Community Center in connectioin. 


Chicago, Illinois J* 

In 1898 seven old people were driven from their temporary home by 
fire. Mvii. Gabrilla K^iighten Smith. Mrs. Fannie :\la.son, and a few other 
interested friends took upon themselves the task of caring for these un- 
fortunates and rented a house to shelter them until other arrangements 

Jviniu nine 


510 Garfield Ave. 

4430 Vincennes Ave. 

One /5u,.ch.ul 

could be made. Mrs. Bela Morrison, a khii1lie;:rted CleriTian woman, read 
of their distress and came to visit them. She was so impressed with 
their condition that she innnediately bonght all the food she could get 
at nearby stores (her visit was on a Sunday), gave Mrs. Smith money 
to tempor.'rily c re for tliem and later gave a house at 510 Garfield 
boulevard, to be used as an Old P'olk's Home. 

Mrs. Fannie Mason, superinteiulod the moving of the old people into 
their home at two o'clock in the morning when several of the white proper- 
tv owners, who later bee me staunch friciids, objected to colored ueic'h- 
bors. A small group of faithful women carried on the work for a num- 
ber of years until an association was organized and a bo-.trd of directors 
was appointed. 

Too much in^aise cannot be given to those volunteer, pioneer wor- 
kers who gave unstintedly of their time, scarif icing much that the old 
people might be comfortable. 

Having outgi-own their ;;1(1 ([uarters, a larger and more modern home 
was pni'chased in 1921 at 44:!() Vineeinies avenue. 

Many clubs contributed annually to the home's support, among the 
largest of these clubs contributors being the Woman's Aid and the 
Volunteer Workers. These clubs contributions with donations from the 
Amateur Minstrels, tag days and an occasional bequest form the means 
of support for this very worthy of the citj^'s institutions. 

One (!.,„J,..a o„e 


Springfield, Illinois 

The Lincoln Colored Home, founded by Mrs. Eva Monroe, is the 
oldest jiid best known institution in the State. The Illinois State Federa- 
tion and many individual club contribute regularly to its support. 


Chicago, Illinois 

The New Amanda Smith Industrial Home has risen out of the ashes 
of the old home founded by Amanda Smith at the age of sixty years. Mrs. 
Eliza Halliday, chairman and former President of the North Side Wo- 
man's Club, and her excellent connnittees are working hard to erect the 
new building at Harvey during the present year. 

HIK. , 

S ?! 

^„e !;„„?, ,J i\ 


Chicago, Illinois 

A group of young women who wanted to contribute their little mite 
toward the uplift of humanity ; who wanted to scatter a little sunshine 
here and there, by helping those less fortunate, on September 14, organized 
the Young Married Ladies Industrial Club.. 

They elected Mrs. Ruth Steele as their president and adopted the 
motto, "Helping Others'". The sole object of this club, whch is limited to 
a membership of thirty, is charity and during the six years that they have 
been organized, over $1200.00 has been raised for the carrying out of their 

The presidents of the club have been Mrs. Ruth Steele, Mrs. Arietta 
Polk, Mrs. Audrey Eberh irt, Mrs. Floyd Edgerton and Mrs. Beatrice 
Wright. Mrs. Birdie Holoway is the present Secretary. 


Chicago, Illinois 

The New Method Industrial Club was organized in April of 1907 
with Mrs. Emma Decoidander as President and Mrs. Minnie Patterson as 
instructor. This cfub which has increased from a membership of ten to a 
limit of fifty-two and has a long waiting list, became affiliated with the 
city and state federations in 1915. 

Large contributions have been made to charity and during the war 
excellent work was done with the National Council of Defense in knitting 
for the soldiers and in the various drives. The present officers are : Mrs. 
Laura Yancy, President ; Mrs. Mamie Payne, Recording Secretary and. 
Mrs. Sadie Baskerville, Financial Secretary. 

C/ne (lunJactl xoi 

Chaptpr Eight 


Twenty two years have passed since our women in Illinois !)e('aii;e 
interested in the work of organized effort. 

AVhen we take a retrospective view of the field we are amazed at 
the marvelous work accomplished in these few short years. We have 
seen our organization, the first of any of the States to be federated, grew 
from seven small clubs to more than one hundred throughout the State ; 
seventy-five or more of them banded together in one harmonious 
effort to be loyal to women and just to children. 

There are, of course, in the world of organized effort, two classes 
of persons — the builders and the wreckers. We are to happy to know 
and believe that the builders are in the majority. They are the only 
ones who are ever watchful, ever on the lookout to extend a helping 
hand to the needy, the suffering and the unfortunate ; not for vainglory 
or self-reward, but in obedience to the divine command. To give a cun 
of cold water unto the least of these unfortunate ones is giving it unto 
Him. They are the ones who weekly or monthly, when the doors swing 
outward, wend their way hopefully to the club meeting, ever ready to 
join in unity, harmony and co-operation, to further whatever good work 
is presented for their consideration. They are the ones who suppoii 
the churches, build homes for the aged, the orphans and the wage-earn- 
ing girl. They are ever mindful of the child in the slums, the girl in the 
kitchen, the woman in the alley. 

These ])uildei's, while ever mindful of affairs philanthropic, are not 
negligent in matters relative to intellectual ajid social uplift. We find 
them thronging our high schools, colleges and university halls, chargin;r 
the social atmosiihere with the strong electric current of their intellect- 
ual personality. These liuilders demnnd and are getting a better minis- 
try, better school facilities in rural districts, better civic government. 

C ne nuncrca. li^e 

better domestic relntions, better political opportnnities and are convinc- 
ing- those, who will stop to consider, that the world is steadily growing 
stronger and better in spite of all the new fads, ologies and isms that 
are springing up everywhere. 

T'^o wreckers, although in tlie minority, are not without their 
des])icable influence ; they are the ones who endeavor to tear down what 
the builders erect. These wreckers do not make good citizens and the 
greatest calamity that can befall any club is to have one or more 

■•.vrcL'ker;; to clo.'i' its wheals of progressive activity. 

It has, indeed, been gratifying to see our women rising above the 
!•- :---liti(>'' of life p-'-ercr-mirig 'i-i"r:;Av nreiudices. I'yetty Jealousies a^Kl sel- 
fish interests, moving forward to a broader, grander field of iioble wo- 
manhood and usefulness. We have seen community conditions bettered, 
•nn:)ioved housing and sanitctioii. homes established for the tged and in- 
fimi, orphans, wage-earning and dependent girls and various other 
institutior ■. helned, aside from numerous individual charitv cases, nrov 
ing beyond question that five thousand of our women in this State are 
alive three hundred and sixty-five days in the year, their hearts filled 
with enthusiasm and inspiration, each doing her level best to make the 
world better because she has lived. 

Not alone at our doors has the work of our women lieeonie a recog- 
nized factor in the great movements of the world, but everywhere that 
other races are lending their best forces toward the uplift of humanity, 
there are we found. 

Women "builded" better than they knew when, realizing the value 
of coming together for mutual help, sympathy and encouragement in a 
broader, kindlier spirit ; they began to organize in groups for community 

Signs of ]irogress everywhere ; are as rays of light heralding the 
dawn of a new day in our histoi'v; but it is iiot yet time for us to fold 
our hands in quite content, thinking tlie work so well under way, that 
we can afford a little breathing space in the rush of world activities. 
The task is bnt just begun-tlie end is far distant — and there is much 
more to do before we cmi stand erect and say "Behold the perfect wo- 
man.." There is work in the liaudet, village, town and city; there are 
evils to l)e coi-rected, chikli'en housed and trained to right living and 
thinking, young ])eople to be taught cpiiet nmnners in public places, 
liabits of honesty, frugality and economy and men and women to be 
trMi'cd in iiietliods of r icial unity, Irirmony and co-operation. 

The ]uil|)it and i)i'ess nnist join hands with the club women and 
^oeik ont in loud and no niieei'tain tones against all things which tend to 
dr:i,<!' n;'. from the high pedestal of honoi', integrity and sterling worth in- 

L'nc liuiiJaaJ Aix 

to the mire of coTruption, vice and immortality in high places. If we 
would become strong-, we must build from within and not from without: 
we must res]iect ourselves if we would demand respect from others. 

Women of Illinois, yon have done some things well, but greater 
things remain yet to be done. You have broadened and grown in the 
past score of years, but there are heights yet to be reached, more diffi- 
cult problem to be solved, a wider vision of co-operation ciid unity to 
attain. •• 

AVe can and do turn our eyes hopefully to the future, which looms 
u]) bright with the promise of a better day for all humanity. The 
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People ; the Pan- 
African Congress recently held in Paris ; the increasnig sentnnent, em- 
bodied in the Dyer-Anti lynching Bill, to blot forever from, the fair pages 
of Amercan history, the dark stain of moh violence and lawlessness; the 
discnsson of ways and means of bringing about peace and harmony among 
all nations and a greater unity of races, are all evidences of our progress. 

Okc i;«„.;-..j -wvc. 

4. -^•{••f — ♦ ' — ' *- 

'a 1- ^ 

t Appendix t 
4. — — ^..^.^ — ^4. — ^..-^..-w. — .+ 

C-'fit! Iiun3'it? «mi<! 


Chicago, November, 21, 22, 1900; Peoria,; Oetrrber, 10, 11, 1^)1 
Spring-field, Ai-gust 19, 20, 1902; Evanston, August 18, 20 1903; Jackson- 
siio, Uclcber, 11, 14, 1904; Quincy, August 15, 18, 190"; Dniville, Aii- 
::u.'i, 21, 24 1903; Chr.mpaign, June 11, 14, 1907; Bloomiugton, October, 
Chic go, August, 17, 20, 1909 ;' Peoria, August, 16, 19, 1910; Moniiiohtli. 
August' 15, 18, ls:il; Rock Island, August, 27, :]0, 1912; Spriugiield, Au 
gust, 19, 22, 1918; Moline, August, 19, 22, 1918; Chicago, August 17, 
20, 1915; Champaign, August 29, to September, 1, 1916; Chicago, Au- 
gust, 21, 24, 1917; Blooiniugton, August 20, 23, 1918; Jacksonville, Au- 
gust, 19, 22, 1919; Galesburgg, August 17, 20, 1!)20; Carboudale, August 
1921; Danville, 1922. 


Chicago, June, 14, 1901; August, 30, 1901; A])ril, 12. 1!)02; Feb 
ru .ry, 15, 1904; I'eoria, and Springfield. 

All Executive meetings have since been held ;!t the tini(^ (if the ai!- 
i.u 1 meetings. 


Officers— r;'){)-l!)01 

Jil,iry J. Jackson, Jacksonvlle . . . President 

'^--.lojif, West, Chicago First Vic-''re:d - ' 

Katherine Tillman, Chicago : e ^ .] \"(>o- '^^ ;'d ^ ■• 

M. V. Baker, Evanston , ..,.,.... Third Vice-Presdent 

Jidia Gibson, Peoria, Fourth Vice-President 

Julia Duncan, Springfield P^ifth Vice-Presiden' 

Margaret Anderson, Chciago Recording Secretary 

Jennie C. McClain, Sjuingfield Assistan*: St.vetary 

MvH. Sarah Floyd, Pe.iri i Treasurer 

E. L. Davis, Chicago Organizer 

Officers— 1901-1902 

J. C. McClain, Springfield Presidenr 

Sarah Reed, Chicago First Vice-PresKu-v.i 

Julia Duncan, Springfield Second Vice-Presideni 

\\. Vales, Evanston Third ViceJ'resid'^ut 

Ella Standford, Peoria Foui'th \'ice-Presi'!t'n1 

A. R. Fields, Chicago Fifth Vice- 1 'resident 

K iiiiie Emaimel, (1iic go Recording Secretary 

Georgia Ha[l, Peoria Assistant Secretary 

Mrs. Sadie Allen, Galesbnrg Corresponding Secretary 

Alargaret Anderson, Chicago Treasurer 

Sidney Wagner, Peoria <), oanizer 

Cnrdolia West, Chicago Chairnian AVay aid :\I(-ins r'oinm. 

Officers— 1002-1903 

J. C. McClain, Springfield President 

Fannie H. Clint, Chicago First Vice-President 

.;uiuo vjiuM)ii, reoria Seco-nl Vice-'^resideiiv 

Mrs. M. V. Baker, Evanston Third Vice-President 

S. Fields, Chicago Fonrth A^ice-President 

S =rah Floyd, Peoria Fifth Vice-President 

Aramnita Davis, Springfield Recording Secretary 

iManche Shaw, Chicago Assistant Secretary 

Elizabeth Fisher, Chicago C^orresponding Secretary 

Ma-s. M-rgaret Anderson, Chicago Treasnrei 

Mrs. Cordelia West, Chicago' .- Organizer 

Mi-s. Jnlia Duncan, Springfield Chairman AVays and Means Comni. 

Officers— 1904-1905 

.■:!':;. Fannie Hall Clint, Chicago President 

II. H. Robinson, Danville First Vice-President 

Iv.iiiiu Smith, Bloomington Second Vice-Presidem 

_ir,. Fred Dnbney, Jacksonville Third Vice-President 

Mr-. Connne Knight, Alton Fonrth Vice-President 

-• Annie AA^nllace, Monmonth Fifth A'ice-President 

--rf;. L. L. Kennebrew, Jacksonville Recording Secretarv 

Lillian Hnnt, Chicago Assistant Secretarv 

.Urr,. AVilliams. Anrori Corresponding Secretarv 

^irs. T. C. Alundy, (^nincy Oganizer 

.\xrs. E. Baker, (Mncago Chairman AA^avs and Means Comm 

Mrs. Ella N. Stanford, Peoria Chairman Executive Board 

Officers— 1905-1906 

Airs. L. L. Kimiebrew. Jacksonville President 

a-s. Althedn .V.o;:r(\ Rock Islmid First A^ice-Presidenl 

ixf''" S'^^ Holliday, diicago Second A^ice-President 

Mrs. Alarie loles, Chicag.. Third A^ice-President 

Mrs. Annie A^ aldmi, Alanmouth Fonrth Vice-President 

.Mrs. Annie Nichols, Danville Fifth Vice-President 

Mrs. Bessie Nance Kecording Secretary 

Hattie IM^orofan, Champaign Assistant Secretary 

Mrs. Belle Tnylor, Rock Island Corresponding Secretary 

. Mrs. Jnlia Dnnean, Spring'field Treasurer.. 

Mrs. F. L. Mniidy, Qnincy Organizer 

R. H. Robinson, Danville Cliairman Ways and Means Conim. 

Mrs. Annie Peyton, Chicago Chairman Executive Board 

Officers— 1907-1908 

Mrs. Annie M. Peyton, Chicago President 

Mrs. C. 0. Lewis, Cairo First Vice-President 

Mrs. Mittie Fonlks, Champaign Second Vice-President 

Mrs. Emma Waldon, Danville Third Vice-President 

Mrs. P. F. Denley, Jacksonville Fourth Vice-President 

Miss L. Pettis, Chicago Fifth Vice-President 

Mrs. T. G. Macon, Chicago Recording Secretary 

Jennie Smith, Bloomington Assistant Secretary 

Miss Clara Webster Corresponding Secretary 

Mrs. Julia Duncan, Springfield Treasurer 

]\Irs. Julia Gibson, Peoria Chairman Ways and ]\feans Comm. 

^Irs. Eva Monroe, Springfield Chairman Executive Board 

Miss Maggie Wall, Cairo Chairman Social Iniiprovement Comm. 

E. L. Davis, Chicago Organizer 

Miss Minnie Hunter, Alton Editor 

Officers— 1908-i;i09 

Mrs. C. B. Knight, Alton Chairman Social Improvement 

Mrs. T. G. Macon, Chicago Organizer 

Mrs. Willi^nn Fields, Cairo Editor 

Mrs. Eva ^lonroe, Springfield President 

Mrs. Mary Clark, pJacksonville First Vie.^ l^resident 

^Irs. Ella Stanford, Peoria Second Vice-President 

Mary DePugh, Evanston Third Vice-President 

E. Early, Chicago Fourth Vice-President 

J. B. Bennett, DuQuoin Fifth Vice-President 

Miss Jennie Smith, Bloomington Recording Secretary 

Mrs. Annie Buler, Danville Assistant Secretary 

Mrs. Ella Berry, Chicago Corresponding Secretan'^ 

Mrs. Carrie Cathey, Danville Treasurer 

Mrs. Julia Gibson, Peoria Chairman Executive Board 

Mrs. Maggie Mallory, Jacksonville Chairman Ways and Means Comm. 

On.. I'm ..I iuVlV. 

Officers— 1909-1910 

Mrs. Eva Munroe. Sprinjrfield Presiden 

Mrs. Ella Stanford, Peoria First Vice President 

Mrs. Charlotte Pearson, Chicagro Second Vice-President 

Mrs. Emma S. Kennedy, Chicago Third Vice-President 

Mrs. Etta Simms, Monmouth Fourth. Vice-President 

Mrfs. Alice Thompson, Moline Fifth Vice-President 

Mrs. Annie Buler, Danville Recording; Secretary 

:\rrs. Tillia Tashley, Blooming-ton Second Recording Secretari- 

Mrs. Lonise Lafayette, Jacksonville Corresponding Secretary 

Mrs. Carrie Cathey, Danville Treasurer 

Mrs. Julia Gibson, Peoria Chairman Executive Board 

]\rrs. Maggie Mallory, Jacksonville .... Chairman Way and Means Comm.. 

Delia T. Carey, Chicago Chairman Social Improvement 

Mrs. T. G. Macon, Chicago^ Organizer 

Mrs. Ella Berry, Chicago Editor 

Officers— 1910-1911 

Mrs. E. L. Davis, Chicago President 

Mrs. S. B. Jones, East Saint Louis First Vice-President 

Mrs. May Nail, Manmouth Second Vice-President 

Mrs. Susan B. Allen, Galesburg Tliird Vice-President 

Mrs. Delia Harrie, Jacksonville Fourth Vice-President 

Mrs. Altheda Moore, Rock Island Fifth Vice-President 

Mrs. A. L. Anderson, DuQuoin Recording Secretary 

Miss Fannie Borhue, Alton Second Recording Secretary 

Mrs. Collet-Kennie, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Corresponding Secretary 

Miss Rosie Hunter, Springfield Treasurer 

Mrs. Sarah Shepherd, Peoria Chairman Executive Board 

Mrs. Emma S. Kennedy Chicago Chairman Ways and Means 

Mrs. Ida D. Lewis, Chicago Organizer 

Mrs. Eva Jenifer, Chicago Chairman Social Improvement 

Mi'H. Julia Gibson. Peori' St 'tistician 

Mrs. Fannie Hall Clint, Chicago Editoi 

Officers— 1911-1912 

Elizabeth L. Davis, Chicago President 

Sarah B. Jones, East Sant Louis First Vice-President 

Mrs, Sarah Niel, Monmouth Second Vice-President 

Mrs. Susan Allen, Galesburg Third Vice-President 

Mrs. Delia Harris, Jacksonville >'ourth Vice-President 

L III? nundti'J Uiitl.en 

Mrs. Altheda Moore, Rock Island Fifth Vice-President 

Mrs. A. L. Anderson, DuQuoin Recordiiii;- Secretary 

Miss Fannie Borlim, Alton Second Recordina, Secretary 

Mrs. Collett Kinner, ^Milwaukee, Wis Corresponding- Secretary 

:.irs. Rosie Hunter, Springfield Treasnrer 

.^ n;. Enima S. Kennedy. Chicago Chairman Way and Means 

Mrs. S. C. Shepherd, Ch irman Executive Board 

-"^Irs. Eva Jenifer, Chicago Chairm n Social Improvement Com. 

Mrs. Fannie Hall Clint Chicago Editor 

Officers— 1912-1913 

Jirs, Ida D. Lewis, Chicago President 

Mrs. Altheda Moore, Rock Island First Vice-President 

Mrs. Mary Neil, Monmouth Second Vice-President 

Mrs. Azalia Taylor, Danville Third Vice-President 

Viclet Newsome, Macomb Fifth Vice-President 

Mrs. Emma S. Kennedy, Chicigo Recording Secretary 

Mrs. Daisy Lash, ]\Ionmontli Second Recording Secretav}- 

Mrs. Mary AVaring, Chicago Corresponding Secretary 

Mrs. Rose Hunter, Springfield Treasurer 

Mrs. Julia Duncan, Springfield Chairman Executive Board 

.Mrs. Belle Taylor, Rock Island Chairman Ways and Means 

Mrs. Sarah Shepherd, Peoria Organize}- 

r.Ii,;. Julia Gibson, Peoria Statistician 

Mrs. Hattie Hudln Turner, Chicago Editui- 

Officers Elected 

Theresa G. Macon •■ 3 years 

Elizabeth L. Davis 3 years 

Eva Monroe 3 years 

Mi-s. Sadie Caojier 2 years 

Mrs. Nora Taylor 2 years 

^Irs. Famiie Emanuel 1 years 

Mrs. Cordelia West 1 year 

Officers—I 913-1 914 

Mrs. Ida Lewis, Chicig;) President 

Mrs. Altheda Moore, Rock Ishiiid First Vice-1'resident 

Mrs. Ella Groff. .Monmouth Second \'ice-Presideiit 

Mrs. Azalia Taylor, Danville Third Vice-President 

.Mrs. Lillian Reed, Pe>)i-i i Fourth X'ice-I'resideiit 

Mrs. Ella Woods, Moliiie Fifth Vice-President 

!\Ti-.s. Emma R. Kennedy, riiie ot) . , T?eeordino' Secretary 

MvH. Daisy Lash, Monn'inntli , Tecond Reeordinji' Seoret-iry 

^Irs. Carrie Lee Hamilton, Si)rii!<i"-eM , CorresDondin^- Secretary 

Mrs. T. G. Macon, C^hica^o Fraternal Secretary 

^Trs. Jnlia Gibson, Peoria Treasurer 

Mrs. Mary F. Waring', Cliiciiio (Miaii'inni Executive P.oani 

Mrs. Belle Taylor, Rock Island riiairm in Ways and Meaiis 

Mrs. Sarah Shepherd, Peoria Oro-aniz'^r 

:\h-s. Eva Solomon. Galesburiz' St itistician 

Mrs. Cai-rie Hutsou, Milwaukee, Wis Editor 

Officers 1914-1915 ,,,^v 

^frs. T. G. Maemi, Chicaji'o President 

Mi-;;. S-.irali Shenherd, Peoria , ...'.'.'.•.' First Viee-Presidenr 

Mrs. Ella Woods, Moline , Second Vice-President 

j\rrs. A. L. Anderson, DuQnoin Third Vice-1'resident 

^Trs. Pessie Kellev, Milwaukee, W':' Fourth Vice-Preside.'t 

Mrs. M:!rv Gostin, Joliet Fifth Vice-President 

Mrs. Carrie Lee Hamilton. Spriup'field Recordino- Secretary 

Mrs. Adah Davis, Galesburji' Corresponding- Secretary 

Mi-s. Tnfelice Thompson, ChamiK-r;"-^ Second Recordino; Secretary 

^I-r,. Lulu B, Shreves, Chicago • ..Fraternal Secretary 

Mrs. Julia Gibson, Peoria Treasurer 

;\Tr>' Lilli n Jamieson. Champaign Chairm m Executive Board 

Mr^. EttT Simoits, Monmouth Clnirman AVa.vs and Mean;-; 

Mrs. Cordelia West, Chicago Organize)' 

Vv:- Ev) Solomon. GalesbuJ'g Statistic^ i 

Mrs. J. S. P(n'ter. Chicago Editor 

^Frs. Julia i:)uncan, S]U'ingfield (Miaplaiii 

Officers— 1915-1916 

Mrs. T. G. :\r-.u'on, Chicago .-• President 

Mrs. Sarah Shepherd, Peorii First Vice-President 

Mrs. Ella Woods. Moline .:.... Second Vice-President 

Airs. A. L. Andersfm. DuQnoin Third Vice-President 

Mrs. Hessie Kellev, :\rilwaukee, AVis Fourth Vice-President 

Mrs. Mary Gaston. Joliet Fifth Vice-Presidesi* 

^rrs. C'irrie Lee Hamilton. S])ringfield Recording Secretary 

?lrs. Infelice Thoinpsor, Champaign Second Recording Secret-iry 

Mrs. Adah Davis, G?lesburg Corresponding Secretary 

Airs. Juli'1 Gibson, Peorii Treasarer 

ATrs. Lillia Jamieson, Champaign Cimirman Executive Board 

Mrs. Etta Simons, Aloiunouth Chairnuni Ways and Means 

Mrs. Cordelia West, Chicago Organizer 

Mrs. Regina Houston Statistician 

Mrs. J. S. Porter ." Editor 

Mrs. Elizabeth Morgan, Springfield Chaplain 

Mrs. Ella Berry, Chicago Parliamentarian 

Officers— 1916-1917 

Mrs. Carrie Lee Hamilton, Springfield President 

Mrs. Ella Woods, Moline First Vice-President 

Mrs. A. L. Anderson, DuQuoin Second Vice-President 

Mrs. Rebecca Logan, Milwaukee, Wis Third Vire-President 

Mrs. Mary Donnelly, Rockford Fourth Vice-President 

Mrs. Carrie Brewing Fifth Vice-President 

Mrs. Hattie Wells, Champaign Recording Secretary 

Mrs. Susie Wallace, Springfield Second Recording Secretarj-^ 

Mrs. Frances Morton. Aurora Correspondinu' Secrcfjiry 

Mrs. Ann I Gillis. Alton Fraternal Secretary 

Mrs. Mary F. Waring, Chicago Treasurer 

Mrs. Fannie Turner, Chicago Chairman ExecutiveBoard 

Mrs. Gertrude Davis, Chicago Chairman Ways and Means 

Mrs. Ella Stone Vice Chairman Executive Board 

Mrs. Lillian Jamieson, Champaign Organizer 

Mrs. Reginia Houston Statistician 

Mrs. M. Watkins, Galesburg Editor 

Mrs. Elzabeth Morgan, Springfield Chaplain 

Mrs. Ella G. Berry, Chicago Parliamentarian 

L Officers— 1917-1918 

Mrs. Carrie Lee Hamilton, Mounds President 

Mrs. A. L. Henderson, DuQuoin First Vice-President 

Mrs. Rebecca Logan, Milwaukee, Wis Second Vice-President 

Mrs. Fannie Turner, Chicago Third Vice-President 

Mrs. Annie B. Dorsey, Lovejoy Fourth Vice-President 

Mrs. Milinda Smith, Bloomington Fifth Vice- I'vesdent 

Mrs. Carrie Horton, Chicago Recording Secretary 

Mrs. Susie Wallace, Springfield Second Recording Secretary 

Mrs. Frances Morton, Aurora Corresponding Secretary 

Mrs. Altheda Moore, Rock Island Fraternal Secretary 

Mrs. Adah Davis, Galesburg Treasurer 

Mrs. Musadora Aiulerson, Chicago Chairman Executive Board 

Mrs. Ella Stone, Danville Vice Chairman Executve Board 

Mrs. FaiHiie Mason, Chicago Chairman Way arid Means 

Mrs. Lilian Jamieson, Peoria Organizer 

Mrs. Lucy Webster, Chicago Statistician 

Mrs. Mignon Watkins, Galesburg Editor 

Vl'ne nundrt'J Aixtecn 

Mrs. Lola Y. Downs, Evanston Chaplain 

Mrs. Geneveive Coleman, Chicagfo Paliamentavian 

Officers— 1918-1919 

Mrs. Lillian Jamieson, Peoria President 

Mrs. Fannie Turner, Chicago First Vice President 

Mrs. Annie Dorsey, Lovejoy Second Vice-President 

Mrs. Margaret Wyche, Bloniingt»n Third Vice-President 

Mrs. Ollie Price, Springfield Fourth Vice-President 

Mrs. Fannie Mason, Chicago Fifth Vice-President 

Mrs. Carrie Horton, Chicago Recording Seeretar\^ 

Mrs. Ethel Cleaves, Chicago Second Recording Secretary 

Mrs. Elvie Stewart, Chicago Corresponding Secretary 

Mrs. Luella Barksdale, Springfield Fraternal Secretary 

Mrs, Adah Davis, Galesburg Trea'^urer 

Mrs. Musadora Anderson, Chicago Chairman Executive Board 

Mrs. Sallie McDaniels, Jacksonville Vice Chairman Executive Board 

Mrs. Luella K. Taylor, Decatur Chairman Ways and Means 

Mrs. A. L. Anderson, DuQuoin Organizer 

Mrs. M^ry F. Waring, Chicago Statistieiar. 

Mrs. Mary Windsor, Rock Island Editor 

Mrs. Lola Davis, Evanston Chaplain 

Mrs. Cordelia West, Chcago ■■•• Parliamentarian 

Mrs. Elizabeth Lindsay Davis, Historian 

Officers— 1919-1920 

Mrs. Lillian Jamieson, Peoria President 

Mrs. Fannie Turner, Chicago First Vice-President 

M;rs. Annie B. Dorsey, Lovejoy Secoi|d Vice-President 

Mrs. Margaret Wyche, Bloomington Third Vice-Presirloiit 

Mrs. Ollie Price, Springfield Fourth Vice-President 

Mrs. Fannie Mason, Chicago Fifth Vice-President 

Mrs. Ethel M. Cleaves, Chicago Recording Secretarv 

Mrs. Minnie Roach, Chicago Second Recording Secrethi'# 

Mrs. Elvie Stewart, Chicago Correspoiiclnig Secretary 

Mrs. Blanche Mallory, Jacksonville Fraternal Secretary 

Mrs. Adah Davis, Galesburg Treasurer 

Mrs. Sallie McDaniels, Jacksonvlle Chairman Executive Board 

Mrs. Clara Johnson, Chicago Vice Chairman Executive Board 

Mrs. Luella K. L. Taylor, Decatur Chairman Ways and Means^ 

Mrs. A. L. Anderson, DuQuoin Organizer 

Mrs. Mary F. Waring, Chicago Statfstician 

Tiirs. Crrii-iro Greoiie riianipno'ii .,...,.. Editor 

Officers— 1920-1921 

?(Iiss Edith Stew trt, Moliiie First Viee-Presidenv 

Airs. Irene Goiiis, Chiea^i'o Set'oiid Viee-Pre-jideiit 

ATrs. Idi Muse, J icksoiiville Tliird Vice-Presideu* 

Mrs Kenipie Gibson, Rock Isl iid Fourth Vice-Presiden1 

Mrs. Mattie Walker, Sprino'field ;...... Fifth Vce-Presideu; 

Mrs. Minnie Rdach, Chicago Recording Secretary 

Mrs. Mv;ry N. Brown, Monmouth Assistant Secret'ry 

Miss Daisy Renfrne, Carbondale Corresponding Secretary 

Mrs. Lina Henry, Peoria Fraternal Secretii'>- 

Mrr;. Adah Davis, Galesburg Treasurer 

Mrs. Clara Johnson, Chic:^go Chairni ui Executive Board 

Mrs. Cordelia Brown, Canton Vico-Chairm-Mi 

Mrs. Evi Solomon, Galesburg Chairman Ways and Means 

MvH. Elvie Stewart, Chicago State Orginizcr 

Mrs. Victors Thomas, Bloomington Statistician 

Mvr. M-ry DePugh, Evanston Editor 

Mi's. Arzalia Taylor, Danville Chaplain 

Airs. Anna B. Dorsey, Loveioy Parliamentarian 

Bliz'^beth Lindsay D:ivis, Chic go Historian 

Officers— 1!)21-1922 

Mrs. Anne Laurie Anderson. I)u(T)uoin President 

Airs. Edith Stewart, Moline First Vice-President 

Mrs. Irene Go'.ns, Chicago Secotid Vice-Presidem 

Mrs. Emma Thompsoai. Carbondale Third Vice-President 

Mrs, Adelia M. Ross, Rockoford ^onrth Vice-Presideul 

Mrs. Elzabeth Crawlev, Chicago Fifth Vice-Pres''do-t 

AFi-s. Mil iiic Roach, Chicago Recording Secretii-\- 

,Aliss Susie Wall ce, Snringficld A^sist-'ut Secretary' 

Mj'ss D'lisy Renfi'o, Carbond Ic Corresponding Secretary- 
Mrs. Lina Henry, Peoria Fratrnril Secretarv 

Mi-s. Finances Morton, Aurora Treasure^ 

Airs. Clara Johnson, Chicago Chairnrni Executive Bo rd 

Mrs. Ad'h Davis, Galesburg Vice-Chairman 

Mrs. Eva Stewart, Chicago State Organizer 

Miss S r.di Clark, Mounds Statistican 

Mrs. Sar'h B. Jones, Alton Editor 

Mrs. Al(>linda Smith, P>l()()nHngton Chaplain 

Mrs. Anna B. Doi'se>-, Lovejoy Pai-li imentaria.n 

Airs. Fli/.alictli Lindsay Davis. Chicago H:sl';r!iM 

coxyrrrTiox and by-laws 

Wc, the Colored Wcmeii of the State of llliiioiis, fe^r^p: 1' f^ "":•" 1 
of {,T{>; nized efforts, end intending to furnish evideiee o" in 1"- ^1. 
mental and moral prop-ress made by our people, do hereby unite in :\ St4e 

AKTK'LP] I— Name 

The lunue of this orp'anization shall be Illnois Fedcr tio"' o;.' 
Colored Woman's Clubs. 


Section 1. To unite the women's clubs_of the St ~te nd .iurisd;-- 
tion. Lr. 

Section 2. To encour-j«'e the orgruiization of clubs vvhere suc'i 
organizations do not exist, and where the hepfulness of w ;men's elu's 
is needed. 

Section :]. To aid the club in becoming more thoroughly ac- 
(iu nted vrith the various kinds of work that properly comes within 
the f'cope of women's clubs. . 

8ecti(;n 4. To pledge to the cause of education, the integrity of 
ihc' lu r<ie, the interest and support of the best women of everv community,'. 


Section 1. The State President shall -preside -t oil conventions 
of State Peder^ition ; enforce order nnd decornm : decide all questons of 
order without debate, subiect, however, to an appeal to the Stare 
Feder?ticn. She sh-11 call the Vice-President to the chair during the 
discussion of any question before the Federation on which she may de- 
sire to speak. She shall at eieh annual convention present her annual 
re^iort in writing. 

Section 2. The Secretary shall have charge of the records, books. 
and p pers, and keep ;n pceurate account of proceedings, keep correctlv 
an account of nil club reports and moneys. At each annual convention 
nresent her annual report in writing, and the conditou of the Federation. 
She shall receive all the mon.ev due the St^te Federation, and p\v the 
same over without delay to the State Treasurer, taking her receipt for 
the s'me, and keen an exact and true account of the same, dr'w m11 
vouchers on the St' te Tre'\surer for such monys as may be ordered by 
the Federation. She shall present a report of all financial transactions 
at the an.nnal convention. 

Section 3. The Corresponding Secretary shall re;^d and aiiswer 
^dl connnunic'itions, letters, telegrams, etc., and send out credentials 
and blanks to clubs. 

Section -I. The State Treasurer shall pay all vouchers ordered 
drawn by the President, when the same have been properly attested by 
the Finaiu'ial Secretary and signed by the President. She shall kee]) 
all accounts in a proper maimer, exhibiting the source and the amount 

C/ne liuiidred ntiteleen 

of the receipt and purposes and amounts of disbursements; give a state- 
ment of her office and exhibit a certified check at the annual convention 
oi whatever required to do so by the Federation of Colored Women s 

Section 5. The Chairman of the Executive Board shall issue the 
call for the Annu:.l Convention at le?.st 30 days before the time for meet- 
ing. She shall preside at the executive meetings and co-operate wit-i 
the President, during a recess of the Federation in all matters pertain 
iiig to the good of the Federaton and the uplift of humanity. 

Section 6. The State President and four St'ite Officers with re- 
presentatives of nine different clubs in good stinding shrdl constitute i\ 
(luorum of tlie Executive Board. Tn ;in emergency the Chairman of the 
I'^xecutive Board shall give ten day's notice to each club for a call of the 
Executive Meeting. 

Section 7. Should a vacancy occur in any office during the recess 
of the Federation by reason of death, resignation, removal from the 
Jurisdiction or otherwise, it shall be filled by the State President, whos,' 
ai)pointee shall serve for the balance of the term as prescribed by law. 
Should a vacancv occur in the Presidency, the next ran.king Vice-Presi- 
dent shall innnediately succeed to the office of President and the power 
of Slid office shall devolve upon her. 


Section 1. All women's clubs organized for work in harmony witli 
the purpose of this Federation holding regular meetings and having a 
members,hip of not less than ten, and not organized for social purposes 
only, shall be eligible to membership in this Federation. 

Section 2. Apnlication for membership shall be made to St-^te 
Organizer on blanks furnished bv the Federation, with an admission f'H"" 
of two ($2.00) dollars 

Section .3. Any financial club woman upon the payment of 
five ($5.00) dollars may become a life woman in the Federation, tho 
membershi]^ to be retained as long as she is a financial member in a 
local club, said member to have all privileges as a regular elected 

Section 4. Any city or district Federation with a membership 
of ten clubss or more shall be eligible to membership in the State P'edera- 
tion upon the payment of a regular admission fee of two ($2.00) dollars, 
and entitled to one delegate for every ten clubs. 

Section 5. All clubs must make animal reports on report blanks 
furnished by Federation. 

Section 6. All .Past Presidents, State Organizers Secretaries, 
Chairman of Executives Boards, Chairman of AVays and Means, and 
Treasurers, who still hold membershiji in a local club shall be entitled to 
a voice and vote in the Federation. 

Section 7. The majority of votes east by delegates ]u-esent 

necessary to election. . . . n i o 

Section 8. The delegates to National Association shall be Presi- 
dent, 1st delegates; State Organizer, 2nd delegate; Alternate to 1st dek- 
gate, 1st A^ice-Pre^ident; Alternate to 2nd delegate, Chairman ot l^xecn- 
tive Board ; and a delegate for every ten clnbs thereafter. 


Section 1. The admission of two ($2.00) dollars pad by each 
club to the Recording Secretary upon application for membership slial! 
be in lieu of dues for the current Federation ye '.r. 

But an annual due of ten cents per capita for number of members re- 
])orted shall be be payable on or before the annual meeting of eacli year. 

Seetiou 2. Any club not paying its dues after two notifications 
of deliiKiuency have been sent, shall at the end of the year be dropped 
from the membership in the Federation. 

Section 3. Any club wishing to be reinstated sliall pay up all m- 
debtness. Prior ta opening of annual meeting. Corresponding Secretary 
shall notify all delinquent clubs of their indebtness. 
ARTICLE VI — Representation 

Section 1. There shall be allowed one representatives for every 
ten members and a fraction thereof over five. 

Section 2. All delegates and alternates to the annuil meetii'.fr 
shall be elected by their respective clubs and their credentials forward 
ed to Recording Secretary nt least five days before the annual meeting. 
Recording Secretary to turn said credentals over to Chairman of Creden- 
tials Committee. 

Section 3. The votes to be cast by the delegates present. Chair- 
man of Standing Committees. 

Section 1. The officers of the Federation shall be a President, five 
Vice-Presidents, two Recording Secretaries, a Corresponding Secretary, 
Treasurer, Chairman of Executive Board, Vice-Chairnrui of Exec^itivo 
Board, Parliamentarian, Charm?n of Ways and Means, State Organizer. 
Editor and Statistician, Fraternal Secretary, Chaplain _ and Historian. 
Their duties shall be as usually pertain to respective offices. 

Section 2. Officers of the Federation shall be elected on Thurs- 
day of the annual meeting at 10:30 a. m., by written ballot of the officers 
of'the Federation and delegates representing clubs whch have paid th^it 
dues for the ensuing yeir. Before balloting the roll shall be c^^lled b>' 
the Recording Secretary. In answering to the roll, delegates shall state 
.whether the annual dues have been paid. Miajority votes cast shall be 
necessary to choice. 

Section 3. Officers shall hold office for one year, and until the ad- 
journment of the meeting at which the election is held. 

Section 4. Officers shall be eligible for only two successive terms 
in the same office. 

Section ,1. A nomination committee shall be appointed by the 

Section 6. The Executive Board phall be composed of the officers 
of the Federation, the President and one other deleo-ate from e^ch local 
club and the Chairman mf all standino;' committees, Past President, Past 
State Organizer, Past Chairman of Executive Boards, Past Secretary. 
Past Charman Ways and Menus and Treasurer. 

Section 7. Standing- committees shall be Arts and Crafts, Book 
and Magazines, Child Welfare, Credentials. Forestry, Juvenile Court. 
Music, Press, Program, Religion, Social Improvement, Social Hygiene. 
Transportation, Ways and Me 3ns, . Civic, Temper nice, Pioneer Worker's 
Fund, Racial Hstor-y, Educ?ition, Printing, Legislation. Advisory, 
Monrovian Mission Fund and Mother's Department. 
Section 1. The annual meeting of the Federation slrill biv 
held on the diy previous tO' tlie annual meeting and at the cal] of fh^ 
Chairman of said Board. Fifteen shall consist a quorum. 

Section 3. To secure suitable arrangements for each annual meet 
ing a local committee from the place of the meeting shall be chosen ti; 
act with Executive Board in arraneing for the conduct and intei^est of the 
meetng. i 

Section 4. The Chairman of any committee will not transact any 
business without first consulting each member of her committee. 

Section 5. Bids for printing of proceedingo shall be submitted to 
the Chairman of the Printing Committee for final decisions, and minutes 
to be turned over to the Recording Secretary after being printed, for dis- 
tribution and sold for 10 cents per copy. Proceedings to be printed 90 
days after annual convention. 


Section 1. There slnill be no salaried officers, but proper allowances 
may be made for all necessary expenses such as stationery and circular 
communications. The railroad fare of the following officers shall be 
paid to and from annual meeting: President, Secretary, Treasurer. 
Chairman of Executive Board, Chairman of Ways and ]Mcans, State 
Organizer and Corresponding Secretarv. 


Section 1. Resolutions relating to the policy of the Federatior. 
shall be referred to the Executive Board for consideration before action 
is taken. 

Section 2. All past officers shall turn over to the newly elected 
officers all pro]:»erty belonging to their respective offices immediately 
after the session. Recorder shall record and complete proceedings of 
session before delivering pro]')erty to the new recorder. 

Section 3. The Treasurer shall be required to furnisli l)ond foj- 
not less than tliree buudred (^300.00) dollars. Federation sliall pay 

One ^uiu(ii.J tWcnlu iW.. 

for the execution of said bond. 

Section 4. Outgoing' Secretary .shall furnish the President of the 
Federation with a list of all clubs in the Federation, with names and ad- 
dresses of Presidents and Secretaries. 


In the conduct of meetings, Robert's Rules of Order shall be the 
authority of parliamentary procedure. 


Constitution may be amended at annual meeting by two-thirds of 
those present and entitled to vote. Proposed amendments shall be sub- 
mitted for approv?! to the Executive Board and if approved notice of will 
be appended to the call of the annual meeting. 


1899. October, Illinois Federation of Colored Women's Clubs org niiz 

ed at the In.stitutional Church, Chicago, Illinois. 

1900. November 21st, First meeting held at the Institutional Churcli, 

Chicago, Illinois. 
1901 Federation affiliated with the N. A. C. W. at Buffalo, tlie 

fir,st State Federation to join the National. 

Mrs. Agnes ]\'Ibody elected Vice-President and Mrs. E. L. 
Davis, elected Organizer of the N. A. C. AV. 

Mrs. Newman, president of the 14th Congressional Districi 
addressed the federation. 

Mayor_ Warner of Peoria, delivered the address of welcome at 
opening se.ssion. 

Among the distinguished visitors were: Mesdames Clara Bow- 
man, M. E. Foster and J. E. Frazier of the Jewish Circle 
and Miss Cornelia Bowen cf Mt. Meigs, Ala., the founder of 
a Boy's Reformatory in that city. 

\V. H. A. Moore, prominent poet and writer of Chicago, read 
an illuminating paper on "Uncle Tom's Cabin". 

1902. Met in the Senate Chamber of the State Capital at Springfield. 

A large delegation of Sangman cnnnty icehers was !ntrr> 
duced. Greeting.:; were received from the Michigan Feder ;- 

1 903. Met at Evanston, entertained l-y t!ie Julia Gaston Club, one 

of the "Original Seven". The following n-med distinguish- 
ed visitors were present: Mrs. Smith, and Mrs. Lucy Thur 
man, mother and sister of Bishop ''^. S. Smith. Deh'oii. Mich., 
]\Ir. Peter Lucky of Sonth America, the Hon. Fred L. ^McGee 
of St. Paul, :\Iinn., :\Ir.s. Emma Bradley of Philadelphia, I\Irs. 
M. Coy, Washington, D. C, ]Mrs. Boone, Rev. Harris. Rev. 
R. Ransou and Harry Thompson of Chicago, the blisses Ger- 

C'no liuiiJi-i'J (u\'rilii lliri?c 

triide and flattie Fisher of Nashville, Teiiii., r^Irs. Plorenee 
Lindsay and Mrs. Booth of Ohio. 
Letter of greeting received from Mrs. Josephine Silone Yates, of 
Kansas City, Mo., expressing regret at her inability to be 

11)04. Met at Jacksonville. Unveiling of mnnnment in memory of 
Mrs. Mary Jane Jackson, first presideiit of the Federation 
Distinguished visitors were : Mrs. Lambert, vice-president of 
the Illinois Federation of Woman's Clubs (white) ,who ad- 
dressed the meeting. Drs. Short and Rogers. 
Large delegation attended the N. A. C. W. convention at St. Louis. 

1905 Met at Quincy. Many visitors were present among whom may 
be mentioned Mrs. Covington of New Mexico and Editor 
Thompson of the Des ^loines, Iowa, "Bstander". 

1006. Met at Danville. Welcomed by Mayor Lewman. Delegates 
visited the Old Soldiers' Home in a body. 

1!)07. Champaign, Mrs. Daisy Walker, founder of a Home for work- 
ing girls at Indianapolis, Ind., introduced. 
Petitioned President Theodore Roosevelt to stop lynching. Commit! .^'^ 
recommended that a annual contribution be given to the 
following home; Chicago Home for Aged and Infirm; Yates 
Hospital, Cairo; Phyllis Wheatley, Chicago: Old Folks and 
Orphans, Sprngitield ; Amanda Smith Orphan, Harvey and 
the Institutional Church Nursery, Chicago. 

1908. Bloomington. Letter of greeting from Miss Elizabeth Carter 

of New Bedford, Mass., president of the N. A. C. AV. 
Use of colored dolls recommended. 
Mrs. Annie Peyton, Chicago, elected Corresponding Secretary 

of the N. A. C. W. convention .at Brooklyn. Visitors were : 

Mr. Thos. Swan of Chicago and Mrs. Craddock, State Editor 

of the ''Forum.'' 

1909. Chicago. Address of welcome delivered by ]\Iajor Franklin A. 

Dennison, representing Mayor Busse. 

Miss Elizabeth Carter, National President, introduced by Prof. 
R. T. Greener, for)ner U. S. Consul to Vladivostok, Siberia. 
Reading of colored periodicals recommended. 

^Irs. Celia Parker Wooley, founder of the Frederick Douglass 
Center; IMrs. iMcDonald, founder of the Golden Rule Settle 
ment ; Mrs. Mathews of the Collegian Institute of Alabama 
and Mrs. Susan Lawrence Dana of Springfield, were intro- 
duced to the Federation. 

1910. Peoria. Welcomed by ]\Iayor Warner. Greetings received 

from Mrs. Preston, president of tiie IMichigau Fedei'ation. 
Resolution passed to suitably mark the grave of IMrs. Agnes 

Cue nundxeA fWi'ulii Jokx 

Moody at Oakwood Cemetery, Chicago. 
Jiidg'o Cleiumoiis of tiie Juvenile Court of Peori;;, iuid ^Irs 
Clara T. Bourland of Woman "s Club (white) -u'eseat at the 


1911. Monmouth. Welcomed by Mayor W. I. Moore. Madim Par- 

tee of the Monmouth Woman's Club, introduced. A Juvciih' 
Department to the Federation was recommended. 

Letter sent to the Governor of Oklahoma commendinj^' liim for 
an act of clemency to a Neg'ro boy. 

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored Peo- 
ple was endorsed. 

1912. Rock Islinid. Report received of N. A. C. W. meeting at 

Hampton Institute. 

Chicago club women attended a reception to Mrs. Booker T. 
Washington, President of the N. A. C. W. at the Frederick 
Douglass Center. 

Rock Island. Address of welcome delivered by JMayor H. Schri- 
ver. The home for dependent girls founded by Mrs. Ida D. 
Lewis, president of the West Side Woman's Club of Chicago, 

]\Irs. S. D. Brown, representing the "Crisis" and Mrs. Gene- 
vieve Colem--ni, representing the "Fellowship Herald", pub- 
lished at Chicago, urged the women to support both publica- 

Rev. Eleanor Gordon addressed the Federation on "Why Wo- 
men Should A;ote.'' 

"Mother Hudlun," one of the oldest club members in the State, 
was the honored guest of the Federation. 

Greetings from California and Boston, Mass., were brought by 
Miss Marie Simpson and Miss G. W. O'Neil, respectively 
Demonstrations in the use of "Fireless Cooker" and "Paper 
Bag" cooking were given by IMrs. Hester Ralls. President of 
"Koffee Klutch'', Chicago. 

First Statistical Report prepared by Mrs. Julia Linds-iy Gibson 
of Peoria. 

1913. S]n'ingfield. Illinois Federation of C*olored Women's Clnbs. in- 

corporated. ^Irs. Sr)die Cooper, Chairman of the committei-. 
Mr. Chas. Clapp, representing the Mayor, delivered the address 

of welcome on behalf of the City. 
Colored Matron recommended for colored girls at Geneva and 

a committee appointed to visit the school. 
Mrs. Blanche Charlaston, president of the Minnesota Federa- 

Cn« hundred tiitntu iiOc 

tion, Mrs. Williams, Butte, Mon., Mrs. Jeffries and Mr. More- 
land, Secretary of the Y. M. C. A. were introduced. Greet- 
ings were received from IMrs. Susan Lawrence Joergen Dahl. 

Tlie Illinois Commission on the Half Century of Negro Freednm 
Centennial, composed of Bishop Samuel Fallows, prersident, 
Mrs. Susan Lawrence Joergen Dahl, vice-president, Thomas 
Wallace Swan, Secretary, Major Geo. W. Ford, treasure]-, 
Hon. John Dailey of Peoria and Senator T. T. Allain, 
introduced to and endorsed by the Federation. Lincoln Man- 
ual Training School endorsed. 

Letters of protest sent to each Representative and Senator ": 
Congress, concerning the alarming increase in discrimination. 
Federation adjourned to accept an invitation to visit the beau- 
tiful home of Mrs. Dahl. 

November ISth, Mrs. Ida D. Lewis, president of the State 
Federation passed away. 
1014. Moline. A communication received from the North-Eastern 
Federation, Miss Elizabeth of New Bedford, Mass., president, 
asking tlie Illinois Federation to join with them in boycotting 
all firms and manufactured goods handled by prejudiced 

Address of welcome delivered by the Mayor. Monument erect- 
ed to the memory of Mrs. Ida D. Lewis. 

A committee appointed to co-operate with the Illinois Commis- 
sion on the Half Century of Negro Freedom. 

Org^.nizatioii of the North-Western Federation recommended. 

Prominent visitors were: Mr. Alfred Molief of South Africa and 
several others. 
11)15. Champaign. North-Western Federation Organized. Mrs. 
Minnie Scott, president of the Ohio Federation of Colored 
AA^omen's Clubs, a visitor. 

Recommendation made that the Federation appoint a committee 
to appeal to the State Legislature for an appropiation to 
build suitable housing quarters for girls who had becoin" 
wards of the State. 

Dr. Mary F. AVaring endorsed as a member of the Illinois Com- 
mission on the Half Century of Negro Freedom Ceutenniel. 

Volume of poems written by Miss Bettiola Fortson., a yonng 
club woman of Chicago, endorsed. 
lOlfi. Chicago. Alderman Louis B. Anderson delivered address of 
welcome on behalf of the City. 

Air. Harmon urged that the women watch tlu^ changes to !)■> 
ni'^'.de in the Constitution of the State. 
The Monrovian Mission a memorial to 1lie colorcil of ;\mtM'ii"! 

Cue liuujtitl iwlefilii Awe • 

which had been endorsed by the Federation, was reported as 
being finally under construction. 

A telegram sent to the President of the U. S. asking his pro- 
tection of the soldiers involved in the Houston riot until an 
investigation could be made. A protest against the East St. 
Louis riot was sent to the Governor of Illinois and the Presi- 

Recommendation made that the departments of Temperance and 
Child Welfare be particularly encouraged in every club in 
the State. 

National prohibition endorsed. 
l'J18. Bloomingtnn. Mr. R. M. O'Connell representative of the May- 
or, delivered the address of Aveleome. 

Dr. Mary Wiring was appointed trustee of the Douglass Home. 

Mrs. Mary B. Talbert, president of the N. A. C. W. reported at 
the Denver meeting that colored v/omen had subscribed over 
$5,000,000 to Liberty Bonds. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Lindsay Davis appointed as Historian to write 
the story of the Illinois Federation. 

Recommendation made that the Illinois Federation be repre- 
sented in the Educational Congress at Springtield. 

$25.00 donated to the Trustee Board of the Frederick Douglass 
Home Memorial Fund. 

Recommendation made that a short intensive course in military' 
training for boys and girls be made available. 
IDIJ'. Jacksonville. Dr. Kennebrew's New Home Sanitarium visited 
by member of the Federation. Mother's Department creat- 
ed. Bureau of Intelligence created to preserve clippings 
from newspapers, of articles of race interest. Work of the 
War Camp Community Service endorsed. Committee ap- 
]M)inted to confer with prominent colored men concerning the 
needs and conditions of the race. 

Committee appointed to go to the proper officials to urge the 
;:ppointment of a Colored Home Visitor in the department of 
State Welfare. 

Reconnnendation made that heads of departments send a letter 
once a year to all the clubs, outlining the work to be done 
in each department. 
li»'2(). Galesbnrg. Address of welcome delivered by ^layor Henry 

Mrs. Mae C. Green. Mrs. Eliz i Logan, Mrs. Margaret Wyche 
and ]\Irs. Arzalia Taylor enrolled as the first life members of 
the Federation. 

A iKU'dsome flag ])resented to the Federation l\v the local G. 

A. R. Prof. Ziiuinermaii, a eoniposq^' of M'lisic, presented to 

the Federation. 
Miss Daisy Renfro, a talented young woman of Carbondale 

read an origin';! poem. 
Mrs. Elnora Gresliam, president of the Iowa State Federation 

of Colored Women's Clubs, a visitor. 
Every mother present, led by Mrs. Julia Duncan, the originator 

of the idea, joined hands to form a circle, the "JM^t'iers' 

Chain'' and repeated an appropriate verse. 
Prompt registration of the birth of all babies was urged. 
Committee apjiointed to visit all State prisons. Recommenda- 
tion made that all clubs urge their members to read race 

Federation affiliated with the State League of Women Voters. 

1921. Carbondale. Mr. T. B. F. Smith, representing the Mayor, de- 

livered the address of welcome. 
Resolution passed denouncing immodest dressing and unehap- 
eroned girls in the "Movies" and other ]iublic plices. 
Corresponding Secretary of the Federation to send a letter of 

greeting to the Woman's Republican League at Kansas City, 

Mo., and to request information concerning the organization. 
School Lunch demonstration given by Miss Vivian Clarkson of 

Carbondale, a domestic teacher at Tuskege© Institute. 
The Australian Secret Ballot adopted and used for the tirst 

time in the election of officers. 
Mrs. Easterly, president of the Carbondale Woman's (^lub 

(white) and her sister Dr. Col well, of the Illinois Wonuins" 

Voters Lei'gue gave helpful talks on "Vital Points Pertaining 

to Politics in Regards to Women". 
Recommendation made by the Civics department and adopted. 

that all clubs establish citizenship classes and organize com 

muntiy and recreation centers. 
Resolution pdoptecl urging the organization in every connnuni- 

ty of committees on inter-racial relations. 
A student's scholarship fund establislied. Federation endorscfl 

the ]ilanting of trees in memoi'v of our heroes who fell on 

the battle-lields of France. 

1922. Meeting to be held at Danville. A large delegation from Illinois 

to attend the N. A. C. W. bienniel at Richmond, Va. 

Delegates to N. A. C. AV. to attend the dedication of the 1^'red- 
ei'ick Douglass Home, owned by the National, at Washington. 
n. C, on August 12t]i. 

The names of more tlnm a scor(> of Illinois Clubs and indivi- 
duals are inscribed on a bronze tablet to be unveiled at this 

Cue nidulied tWciilu eiam 



Kw\) us God, from pettiness, let us be larg-e in tliouglit, in word, 
111 deed. 

Let us be done with fault-tinding and leave off self seeking. 

]^.l.iy we put away pretense and meet each other face to face with- 
out self-pity and without prejudice. 

Mjy we never be hasty in judgement and always generous. 

Let us take time for all things; make us to grow calm serene, 

Teach us to put into action our l)etter imjHilse, straight forward anri 

Grant that we may realize it is the little things tliat create differ 
eaces; tliat in tlie big things of life we are one. 

And may we strive to touch and know the great common woman 's 
heart of us all, and O Lord God, let us not forget to be kind. 


Written by Katheriiie D. Tillman 
]\Iusic bv George D. Faulkner 

Fatlier in Heaven, we thank Thee 
That thus we meet 
And in our State Federation 
Our sisters' faces greet. 


We women of Illinois 
From now throughout all time 
Have caught the inspiration 
Of lifting as we climb. 

Lifting as Ave climb 
Lifting as we climb 
We women of Illinois 
Are lifting as we climb. 

We have tried to carry sunshine 
Unto the sad and weak 
And for thovse defenseless 
A good strong word to speak. 

\jne hun^ied t'^niii nine 

The old, the young, the erring, 
Alike haA^e known onr care, 
Witli hearts and hands o'eladed 
Onr every good to share. 

And now we ask Thy blessing. 
For all we've tried to do, 
Cement onr hearts in friendship, 
Keep us to duty true ! 


By Mary Fitzbntler Waring 

Tune: "Baby Mine" 

AVhon there's work that must be done, 

Illinois, Illinois, 
When there's a cause that must be won, 

Illinois, Illinois, 
To the women's clubs we go. 
Where love and charity overflow. 
And they never answer "No''. 

Illinois, Illinois, 
And they never answer "No", Illinois. 
We must work with utmost zeal, 

Illinois, Illinois, 
As we have a boundless field, 

Illinois, Illinois, 
Of things much needed, here. 
Of work to be done, here. 
And of cries from Everywhere. 

Illinois, Illinois, 
And of cries from everywhere, Illinois. 
To our God who reigns above 

Illinois, Illinois, 
We give honor, praise and love. 

Illinois, Illinois, 
For the women of onr land, 
AVho for good and v;isdom stand. 
In one grand, united band, 

Illinois, Illinois, 
In one 'ir.nul, nnitcd band, Illinois. 

^i^.u. r,„.ui.<.j ii:,,i,i 


Federation sonavs have been written 
> iid composed by Katherine D. Till- 
inaii, Chicago, set to music by Maggie 
I\I;ilhny, Jacksonville and jMary P. 
AYiiring, Chicago, mnsie written 1)>- 
(Je-7rgip DeBaptist, Cliicago. 


"Some Fp.cts About the N. A. C. W.". 
Eizabeth Linds\v Davis. 

"Racial History," IMrs. A. L. Ander- 
r on, DuQuion. 

■'lJ(':!lth and Hygiene", Miry h\ 

"Educational Booklets". Mary h\ 

C nc iiun?te? (Inttii otic 


These have passed through the veil, and have entered into tlie presene 
of tlieir King : 

Mrs. Mary J. Jackson, First President, Jacksonville. 

Mrs. Laura Greene, Phyllis AYheatley Cluh, Chicago. 

Mrs. Maggie Trice, G. 0.' P. Club, Chicago. 

Mrs. Agnes Moody, Civic League, Chicago. 

Mrs. Annie Baker, Civic League, Chicago. 

Mrs. Anna Jackson, Civic League, Chicago. 

Mrs. Sallie Emmick, Cornell Charity, Chicago. 

Mrs. Rosa Darnell, G. 0. P., Chicago'. 

Mrs. ]\Iamie Richardson, Woman's Aid, Peoria. 

Mrs. Emma Havnes, Woman's Aid, Peoria. 

Mrs. I^-ude Peck, Springfield Club. 

Mrs. Nora Vires, Woman's Club, Jacksonville. 

Mrs. Henrietta Barnes, Woman's Aid, Peoria. 

Mrs. Ruth Batts, Woman's Aid, Peroia. 

Mrs. Maltamore, Mother's Union, Chicago. 

Mrs. Randolpli, Mother's Union, Chicago. 

Mrs. Banks, ^Mother's Union, Chicago 

Mrs. Louisa Smith, North Side Womui's Club, Chicago. 

Mrs. Fannie Covington, Woman's Club, Jacksonville. 

Mrs. Phenella White, AVoman's Loval Tjcgion, Quincv. 

Mrs. Bass, Woman's Aid, Danville. 

Mrs. Jackson, Champaign. 

Mrs. Jones, Urbaiia. 

M^H. Catlin, Monmoutli. 

Mrs. Ford, Mother's Union, Chicago. 

Mrs. Gill, Mother's Union, Chicago. 

Mrs. Mollie Wilson, IMother's TTninn, Chicago. 

Mrs. M. M. Roundtree, Jacksouvillo. 

Mrs. Rawlings, Jacksonville. 

Mrs. Anna Gibbsons Burns, Peoria. 

Mrs. Ti'ansue, North Side Woman's Cliih, Chicago 

Mrs. Po))e, Civic Tjeague, Chicigo 

Miss Alargaret 1j(M\ Cliampaigii and Prbaiia Clnb. 

Miss Boldeii, Champaign and Urbana Club. 
Mrs. Ajina C. Parker, Springfied Woman's Club. 
Mrs. Grace Mallory, Wednesday Art Club, Jacksonville. 
Mrs. Fennoy, Colored Woman's Aid, Danville. 

Mrs. Anna Harris, Springfield Woman's Club. 

Mrs. Hattie Hughes, Mary Church Terrell Club, Cairo. 

Miss Pearl Wise, Mary Church Terrell Club, Cairo. 

Mrs. Missouri McCreary, Woman's Clul), Rloomington. 

Mrs. Avery Colored AVoman's Club. Danviile. 

Mrs. Carrie Vance, Woman's Club Danville. 

IVl^Ts. Bass, Woman's Aid Club, Danville. 

1 nog- 
Mrs. Jane Gray, I. B. W. Club, Chicago. 

Mrs. Lizzie Cooper, K. D. Tillman Club, Chicago. 

Mrs. Ella Naylor, Springfield Woman's Club. 

Mrs. Alice Augustus, Cornell Charity Club, Chicago. 

Mrs. Rosa Lucus, Dearborn Center Club, Chicago. 

Mrs. Mamie Taylor, Woman's Aid, Peoria. 

Mrs. Bell Bannister, Woman's Aid Club, Peoria. 

Mrs. Helen Murpliy, Civic League, Chicago. 

Mrs. Lou Ellston, ' Phyllis Wheatley, Chicago. 

Mrs. Sarah Thomas, Woman's Aid, Danville. 

Mrs. Rosa Rummage, ]\lother's Union, Chicago. 

Mrs. Sallie AVilliams, AVoman's Club, Jacksonville. 
1910— T 

Airs. Anna M. Peyton, ex-President, State Federation, (Chicago. 

Mrs. Irene Camp, Cornell Charity Club, Cliicago. 

Mrs. Mamie Dunn, Cornell Charity Club, Chicago. 

Mrs. Lucy Jenkins, H. Q. Brown, Club, Aloline. 

Mrs. Laura Jones, AVoman's Improvement Club, Alilwaukee, Wis.. 

Airs. Laura Baxter, H. Q. Brown Club, DuQuoiu. 

Mrs. Jennie E. Aloore, H. Q. Brown Club, Chicago. 

Airs. Calloway, AVoman's Aid, Peoria. 

Mrs. Evelyn Helms, Woman's Aid, Peoria 

Mrs. Mason, Chicago. 

Airs. Anna Carroll, AA'oman's Civic League, Chicago. 

Airs. Bell Thomas, Phyllis AAlieatley. Chicago. 

Airs. Alary Harris, Chicago. 

Mrs. Ruth Simons, Chicago. 

Airs. Seames, Chicago. 

Afiss Gertrude Payne, Monmouth. 

Airs. Lula Richardson, Galesburg. 

vJne hundied lliiitu inxee 

Mrs. Leona Oiitland, S})rino-field AVoitunrs Chib. 

Mrs. Ella Watson, Chicag-o. 

Mrs. Charlotte Pearson, Phyllis Wheatley, Chiacgo. 

Mrs. Josephine Jordan, Phyllis AVheatley, Chicago. 

Mrs. Cora Barnes, Volunteer Workers, Chicago. 

Mrs. Fryerson, Union Charity, Chicago. 

Miss Leona Pole, Non Pareil Girl's Chicago. 

Mrs. Rosa E. Moore, Cornell Charity, Douglass Center, Chicago. 

Mrs. Jula Green, I. B. W. Chicago. 

Mrs. Tnwnsend, Civic League, Chicago. 

Mrs. Martha Perkins, Civic League, Chicago. 

Mrs. Calloway, Civic licague, Chicago. 

Mr;'. Eleuor^ F. Early. Civic Lepgue, Chicago. 

Mr.'. Addie Tyler, Ideal Woman's ^Jnl) Chicago. 

Mrs. Green, Ideal AVonian's Club, Chicago. 

Mrs. Molliard Wayman, Industrial Club, Chicago. 

Mrs. Mary Casley, Woman's Improvement Club, Galesburg. 

Miss Nancy Brown, Phyllis Wheatley, Club, Chicago. 

Mrs. Hattie Clay, Progressive Art Club, Rock Island. 

Mrs. Harriet Skinner, Agnes Moody Club, Monmouth. 

Miss Hattie Merriweiither, Dearborn Center, Chicago. 

Mrs. Jakie Smith, Dearborn Center, Chicago. 

Mrs. Coffen, Union Charitv Club, Chiccago. 

Mrs. E. T. Watts, I. B. W., Chicago. 

Mrs. Mary Baines, Hallie Q. Brown Club, Moline 

Mrs. Martha Reed, AVoman's Aid Club, Peoria. 

Mrs. Effie Wheatley, Woman's Improvement Club, Milwaukee. 

Mrs. Jennie Scott, Fine Art Club, Chicago. 

Mrs. Jennie Peyton, Fine Art Club, Chicago. 

Mrs. Laura Jones, Fine Art Club, Chicago. 

Mrs. Tdi D. Lewis, ex-President, State Federation, Cliicago. 

Mrs. Sallie Foreman, Eureka Fine Arts, Chicago. 

Mrs. Maggie Jolnison, Woman's Aid, I'^eoria. 

Mrs. Lula Slaughter, Progressive Art, Rock Island. 

Mrs. Virginia Shaw, Phyllis Wheatley, Joliet. 

Mrs. Mary Richie, Julia Gaston Club, Evanston. 

Mrs. Minnie Mitchell, Phyllis Wheatley, Galesburg. 

Mrs. Julia Butler, Galesburg. 

Mrs. (icorgie Tavh)r. Cornell Charitv Club, Chicau'o. 

Mrs. Sallie Heri-on, L B. W., Chicago. 

One I;u„J«hI l(ii,l;| (oM, 

Mrs. Hattie Mitchell, Chicago. 

Mrs. Mollie Brown, K. D. Tillman, Chicago. 

Mrs. Ella Walkup, President Twin City Embroidery Club. 

Mrs. Lucretia Niehs, Big Sisters Club, Decatur. 

Mrs. Eva Raymond, Tin City Federation. 

Mrs. Cynthia Pierce, Home Economics, Champaign. 

Mrs. Morton, Woman's Aid, Peoria. 

Mrs. Edna Walton, Alpha Suffrage, Chicago. 

Mrs. Thalia S. Raglan, Phyllis Wheatley, Joliet. 

Mrs. Sallie Partie. Woman's Club, Danville. 

Mrs. Mamie Richardson, Galesburg. 

Mrs. Agnes Burres, Progressive Art, Rock Island. 

Mrs. Louis Dove, Agnes bloody Club, IMonmouth. 

]Mrs. Nerandia Flovd, Agnes ]Moody. ]\Ionmouth. 

Mrs. Lilian Amos. New ^lethod Industrial Club, Chicago. 

M;rs. Sarah Goldhand, West Side Woman's Club, Chicago. 

Mrs. Tusa Burton, Eureka Fine Arts, Club. 

Mrs. Lulu L. Robinson. Eleanor Club, Chicago. 

Mrs. Helen Collins, Cornell Charity, Chicago. 

Mrs. Florence Smith. Cornell Xo.. 2. Chicago. 

Miss Jessie ]Mc!ud Butler. Fidelis and Silver Leaf Clubs, Chicago. 

Mrs. J. A. Jones. Labor and Love, Chicago. 

]\3;iss Alberta Francewat. East Side Club, Chicago. 

Mrs. Agnes Pennington, Progressive Art, Rock Island. 

Miss Lillian Blue. West Side. Ladies' Art, Jacksonville. 

Mrs. R. Tucker, Tri City Charitable Aid, Cairo. 

Mrs. F. Bates. Tri Citv Ch-untable Aid, Cairo. 

:\Irs. Beulah Th-^tcher Hall, Neighborhood Club, Cairo. 

]\Irs. Jessie Jones, Neighborhood Club. Cairo. 

Mrs. Joanna Dent, Springfield Woman's Club. 

Mrs. Marie Fuoua, Phyllis Wheatley, Joliet. 

Mrs. Lena Suttles. Phyllis Wheatley, Joliet. 

Mrs. Ida Barton, Phvllis Wheatley, Aurora. 

Mrs. Bell Grady Smith. 

Mrs. Lilian Dyer Settles. 

:\Irs. Rose B. Ardwell. 

Mrs. Soul a ]\Iason. Hallie Q. Brown Club. DeQuion. 

:\Irs. Elizabeth Burkshead, :\IaComb. 

Mrs. Jessie Wilson, West Side Womans Club, Chicago. 

Mrs. Louise Foster. Cornell Charity Club, Chicago. 

]\Irs. Clara Studemre, Ch;'irman Board of l^ireetors Phyllis 

On.- l!..nclrccl (l!;-.t.| |'iOc 

Wheatley Homo. 

Mrs. Jessie Taylor Joliiison, Phyllis Wbeatley Club, Chicago. 

Miss Bettiola Forston, Mjental Pearls Club, Chicago. 

Mrs. Susan Davis, Springfield's Woman's Club. 

Mrs. Kate Smith, Sojourner Truth, Bradwood. 

Mrs. Allie Barrett, Colored Woman's Club, Danville. 

Mrs. Wilkerson, AVoman's Aid, Peoria. 

Mrs. Allicia Lewis, AVoman's Aid, Peoria. 

Mrs. Addie Brown, Woman's Aid, Peoria. 

Mrs. Mary Prentiss, Civic League, Chicago. 

Mrs. Tina Johnson, 37th Precint Cub, Chicago. 

Mrs. Carrie Tucker, Eureka Fine Arts, Chicago. 

Mrs. Anna Sharp, West Side Woman's Club, Chicago. 

Mrs. Ellen Steward. West Side Woman's Club, Chicago. 

Mrs. Clara Porter, Volunteer Workers Club, Chicago. 

Mrs. Mattie Wright, Volunteer Workers Club, Cliicago. 

Mrs. Rachel Sanders, Volunteer Workers Club, Chicago. 

Mrs. Kansas Hanson, North Side Woman's Club, Chicago. 

Mrs. Carrie Jackson, Social Art and Literature. 

Mrs. Addie Brown, Socal Art and Literature, Peoria. 

Mrs. Mamie Smith, Ladies' Lilac Club, Peoria. 

Mrs. Claire Dudley, Ladies' Lilac Club, Peoria. 

Mrs. 0. A. Hardison Yates, Woman's Club, Cairo. 

Miss Leonia Ford, Domestic Art Club, Bloomington. 

Mrs. Fannie Robinson, Hallie Q. Brown Club, Moline. 

Mrs Cordelia Holmes, Hallie Q. Brown Club, DuQuoin. 

Mrs. Susie Simpson, American Rose Art Club, Chicago. 

Mrs. M. Stewart, American Rose Art Club, Chicago. 

Mrs. Mary Lewis, West Side AVomati's Club, Chicago. 

Mrs. Fannie Taylor, West Side Woman's Club, Chicago. 

Mrs. P. E. Bunch, Town of Lake, Chicago. 

Mrs. Barbara Adams, Community Club, Carbondale. 

Mrs. Nelle Luster, Domestic Art Club, Bloomington. 

Mrs. Glena Caldwell, Domestic Art Club. Bloomington, 

M!rs. Jessie Scroggins, Domestic Art Club, Bloomington. 

Mrs. Oneita Grigsby, Domestic Parent-Tenohers' Club, Moinids, 

Mrs. Ella Allen, Phyllis AVheatley,Galesburg, 

Mrs. Mollie Robinson, Hallie Q. Brown, Mo1n.> 

Mrs. Fannie Brown, Home Economics Club, Champaign. 

Mrs. Arzenia Harrison, M>aA^wood and Oak Park Improvement. 

Mrs. Ella Dickerson, Progressive Art, Rock Island. 111. 

Mrs. Melinda Johnson, Woman's Aid, Peoria. 

Mrs. Acldie Conway, Womaii'sAid, Peora. 

MissHelen K. Fields, Yates Club, Cairo. 

Mrs. Estella ^liller, Young ^Matron's Culture Club, Chicago. 

Mrs. Maud Forbes, Parliamentarian City Federation. 

Mrs. Hester Kennedy, Guademus Charity, Chicago. 

ilrs. ^laud Glover, Autuumn Leaf, Galesburg. 

]\Irs. Etta Sinmis, Agnes ]\I|Oody, ]\Ionmouth. 

Mrs. Josephine Coluest, Hallie Q. BroAvii Club, Moline. 

Mrs. Belle Smth, Hallie Q. Browni Club, DuQuoin. 

Mrs. Lizzie Dement, Hallie Q. Brown Club, DuBuoin, 

]\Irs. Cnderella McGruden, Lidustrial Club, MaComb. 

Mrs. Emma McGolden, Cornell Charity Club, Chicago. 

]\Irs. ]Musader Anderson, ex-Chairman State Executive Comm. 

^Irs. Lee, Woman's Civic League, Chicago. 

Mrs. Margaret BroAvn, Woman's Civic League, Chicago. 

Mrs. Houston Woman's Civic League, Chicago. 

Mrs. Patsy Brown, West Side Woman's Club, Chicago. 

Mrs. Elnora Hardin, Volunteer Workers, Chicago. 

]\Irs. Cynthia Yocum, Union Charity, Chicago. 

Mrs. Julia Henderson, Town of Lake, Chicago. 

Mrs. IMellisa Coleman, Progressive Art, Eock Island. 

Mrs. Juda Barnett, West Side Ladies' Art, Jacksonville. 

Mrs. Alberta Wheeler, Domestic Art, Bloomington. 

Mrs. Emma Morse, Domestc Art, Bloomington. 

^Irs. Henrietta Jones, Sunhsine Club, Harrisburg. 

Mrs. Barnetta Williams, Young Ladies' Married Industrial, Chicago. 

j\Irs. Fannie Neal. Yates Woman's Club, Cairo. 

Mrs. Lida Tyler, Tr-City Club, Cairo. 

L nc fidiitltcti flii/Jii 

' > 












Art a 




Big S 
















































K. r 

T.,T ^ ic: 


























Organized President Corresponding Secretary 

Name Location 

1903 Agnes Moody, Monmouth .Mrs. Flood Lavinia May, 701 S. 6th Street 

1909 American Rose Art, Chicago .......Mrs. A. Anderson Mrff. K. Slayton, 4217 Evans Avenue. 

1914 Aurora Culture Club, Aurora M,able Miller Dora Hunter, 451 Odgen Street. 

1913 Art and Study, Moline N.ora B. Brown Edith May Stewart, 1816 18th Street. 

1S90 Autumn Leaf. Galesburg Emma Kldd Eva Soloraan, 1413 Haynor Avenue. 

1914 Big Sisters, Decatur I.Mamie K. Carr Carrie Gardner, 1035 W. Cerro Gordo 

■1919 Benevolent Workers, Marion luith Griffin Atmie Gain«s, 1210 S. Liberty Street. ■ 

1918 Community Club, Carbondale .. LB. Thompson .Vivian M. Clarkson, N. Illinois Street. 

1921 Colored Woman's Unity Club, Alton Mamie Lawry Gertrude E. Day. 

1910 Chicago Union Charity, Chicago Clara Brown Daisy Sutton, 5130 Wabash Avenue. 

1917 Central District 111. Fed. Col. W. C. .Mildred Farrell Susie Wallace, 119 N. 8th Street. Springfield. 

1900 Chicago and Northern Dist. III. Fed .Sadie L. Adams ." 

1909 Culture Club, Galesburg MattTe Thompson Adah Davis, 392 N. West Street.' 

1.902 Cornell Charity Club. Chicago Elizabeth Thomas 

1900 Colored Woman's Club. Bloomington .Emily Wilson Sadie Fleming, 1502 Fell Avenue. 

'I!02 Co'ored Woman's Aid, Danville Ai'zella Taylor Flora Thompon, 1014 Harmon Avenue. 

191G Dcm^stic Art, Bloomington- Alberta Fields Bertha Hale. 

1916 Drugiiis Parent-Teachers'. Mounds ....Lettie Spann Rosie Lindsay. 

1912 East Side Woman's, Chicago Emma Owens Lena Raymond, 4837 Champlain Avenue. 

1920 Gclden Seal, Murphysboro Pearl Powell ,. Maud Loving, South 3rd Street. 

1911 Guadeamus Charity. Chicago -.Sadie L. Adams Sarah Turner, 5316 Wahash Avenue. 

1908 Hsllie Q. Brown, DuQuoin E. 'V. Barnett Mrs. A. L. Anderson, 113 N. Maple Street. 

3904 Hn'.lie Q. Brown. Moline Mamie Williams Maud Robinson. 1187 26th Street, A. 

1907 Imperial Art, Chicago Bessie Bell Anna Teney. 433 E. 45th Place. 

1908 Ideal Woman's Club, Chicago Fannie Turner Lucv Smart. 530 E. 42nd Place. 

5921 Industrial Cub. Centralia Laura Luake Annie Ferguson 

1915 Improvement Club, M'vwd-Oak Pk ..Mabel Simpson Carrie Weatherspc^on.38 Washingt'n Blvd. Oak Pk 

j919 Junior Sunbeam, Marion Bertha B. Merrlweather ...Etta May Payton. 

1S9S Julia Gaslcn, Evanston Lola Y. Downs Carrie Evans. 

1907 K. D. Tillman. Chicago Elizabeth Thomas Ellen Rodgers, 6119 Ada Street. 

Ladie-:' Civic and Social Club, R'kford .Josephine Diamond Blanche DePriest, 531 Indiana Street. 

1917 Ladies' Lilac, Peoria Madeline Booze Fannie Huston, 214 7th Avenue. 

1918 Mory Talbert. Cairo Ella Jones ■ Zenobia Singleton. 515 12th Street. 

1919 M-therV Club, DuQuoin Daisy Weaver Ethel Reddick. 

1917 N~rth Shore Ironuois Club. Evarist'n .Eva Rouse Josephine 'Vi^itt. 1003 Emerson Street. 

1907. Non Pareil, Rocktard Minnie Gilbert ; . ..Bdkir Upstraw, 622 Locmls Street. 

1911 N.-^cossitv Club, Chicagj Laura V. French Fannie G. LaWson. 

1901 North Side Woman's Club. Chicago ..Ella Gaston. Eliza HoUi'day, 1340 N. Wells Street. 

1915 New Method Industrial, Chicago ....Laura Yancy Minnie Patterson. 3818 Langley Avenue 

1901 P-.-ogr-'ssive Art, Rock Island Edith Stewart Bell Tavlor. 520 20th Avenue. 

1911 H-'me Bccnomic. Champaign Eliza M^ze Lovie Hankins. 

1905 Phill-armonic Club, Peoria Mae Ruff Mamie Smith. 

1911 Ph lis Wlieatley, Paris Bell Butler Helen Brown.. 916 S. Central Avenio. 

- 1896 Phyllis Wheatley, Chicago Elizabeth L. Davis Ida Lucas, 6024 Aberdeen Street. 

1910 Phvllis Vv^heatley, Galesburg Marghrvite Flemings Dorothy Smally, 223 Michigan. 

1921 Phyll's Art, Danville Josephine Smith Fannie Boyden. 622 E. Harrison. 

1899 Peoria Woman's Aid, Peoria T,ina Henry Emma Chavis, S08 Frye Avenue. 

1919 Richard Allen. Blkvills Ella B. Thompson Bella Clavbrook. 

1918 Sc.irurner Truth Club, Ca'ibondale Velma Woods Varona Shepperd. , 

1917 Southern Dist. 111. Fed Alice Beatty L. W. Spann, Mounds. 

1919 Silver Leaf, Mounds Lulu Bo'en Delia Clark. 

1899 Srr'gfield Col. \Vom . Club. Spr'gfield Margaret Byrd Lucile Hill, 1919 E. Stuart Street. 

Social Settlement, Chicago .J . Barbur r 

1913 Sojourner Truth. Braidwood Nancy Johnson Adn Smith, Braidwood, 111. 

Sunshine Workers. Harrisburg Lizzie Truitt Lela Garnett. 622 E. Walnut Street. 

1916 Social Art and Literary, Peoria Julia A. Gibson Saiah D. Haley. • . 

1894 Thimble Circle, Galesburg Mary A. Botts , M--v ratlin Green. 527 W. 1st Street. 

1916 Violet Thimble. East Saint Louis Luaeo Gladden Helen Jnckson, 103 N. 14th Street. 

1905 Volunteer Workers, Chicago Lulu Mae Williams Ida Tyler, 7716 Langley Avenue. 

1917 Woman's Club, Br'k'ln, Lovejoy. P. O.Anna B. Dorsey ^'tn^ S'ngleton. 

1914 West .Side Art Club, Jacksonville Glendora Hill Mary Johnson. 530 W. Lafayette. 

■:919 West Side Woman's Club. Bloomingt'n. Lizzie Samuels Jennie Morris, 208 N. Densmore. 

1919 Vvfoman's Club, Sparta Mary Burton N. B. Wade. 

1913 Woman's Auxiliary, Canton Nellie Kingcade ...Ella May Pidtett, Box 484. 

1909 Woman's Progressive Club, Galesburg .M,ollie W., Crews Nitta Huff, 560 W. Knox Street. 

1913 Old Folk's Home Ass. E. St. Louis .M. L. Martin 1. J. Jones, 1805 Tudor Avenue. 

1909 Col. Women's Culture Club, MaComb .Violet New='Ome Garnett McGruder, Cor. E. Marrv and Mcmroe. 

" 1909 Woman's Improvement, Milwaukee ..Willie B. Simpson TnsonhineLaurie, 311 9th Street. 

1917 Woman's Opportunity Club, Mounds ..Carrie Rushing Inez Mosely. 

mi9 West Side Woman's Club, Chicago ..Alice Rundy . . . _ ' May Alves. 

1897 Woman's Civic League, Chicago Lula Wylio ..Louise Waller, 3230 talumet Avenue. 

1905 Yates Woman's Club, Cairo Alice Beatty ...7. Sarah B. Jones, 420 7(th Street. 

1911 Young Matron's Culture Club, Chicago .''ininia J. Andrews Cora Corneal, 6447 Evans Street. 

1915 Young Married Ladles' Inrt . , Ohicago. . Rulh Steels ..Viola Frazier, 29 W.. 51st Street. 

Clara Ja^-samlne Charity, Chicago 

Col. Woman's Club, Jacksonville 

Ida R. Well Club, Chicago Cordelia West . ,, •.